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Security Level: Internal

WIMAX NETWORK ACCESS AND TROUBLESHOOTING


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Huawei Confidential

Chapter 1 NETWORK ACCESS


Chapter 2 TROUBLESHOOTING CPE ACCESS

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ACCESS FLOW

The ms performs DL physical synchronization. If synch succeeds, an indication Is given The MS demodulates messages DL/UL MAP, DCD/UCD to obtain the UL/DL channel parameters and keeps MAC UL/DL synchronization After the ms obtains UL parameters it initializes the ranging process. After the ranging process succeeds, the MS obtains basic CID and PRIMARY CID The MS negotiates the basic capabilities with the BS through the SBC-REQ?SBC-RSP message, they negotiate mainly parameters related to the physical layer and authentication

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ACCESS FLOW CONTD

The MS performs registration by communicating with the BS through the REG-REQ//REG-RSP message

The IP connection setup, Time and date setup and operation parameters sending are optional according to the protocol. The implementation of these phases depends on product realization

Then the BS sends the DSA-REQ message to the ms and sets up the traffic flow and assigns it to the MS, the ms responds with the DSA-RSP message and Obtains the service CID

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The capture above shows the actual flow as the CPE tries to Access the WIMAX network

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THE MAINTENANCE NETWORK INTERFACE

This is used to check, as well as make modifications To various physical layer parameters to enable access or during troubleshooting. There are 3 ways in which the maintenance interface can be accessed.

BWA IE COMMAND PROMPT

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BWA
Input the username and Password in the space Provided, as shown below

CLICK Tools, Expert Login

When BWA is launched, the diagram On the left appears, making Modifications on physical parameters Is possible through expert login

If the CPE has not been connected to the System, this would be displayed at the bottom Of the BWA interface

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From this expert mode, Modifications can be made to the Bandwidth, and frequency settings, Also username and password

Click frequency setting to make modifications on Frequency settings

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3 important command used when troubleshooting Network Access Showss Showssphy Showmacdl
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INTERNET EXPLORER

Input user name and password in The area provided

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Once the correct user name and password has been inputed the interface shown above appears which shows the device information

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Click WIMAX

Under WIMAX Status, various physical Layer parameters can be viewed

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By clicking SCAN INFO the stored DL frequency settings can be viewed

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By clicking on security under WIMAX the user name and password can be changed

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From SCANSET modifications in the frequency settings can be made.

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After modifications have been made it is important to reboot the the CPE for the modifications to take effect, this is done by clicking DEVICE under Maintain

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COMMAND PROMPT

Using command prompt, it Is possible to telnet into The maintenance interface, as shown

A username and password would be prompted

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Once access to the maintenance interface is permitted The 3 important commands can be executed, cmd and a Space must be included before the command
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Chapter 1 NETWORK ACCESS Chapter 2 TROUBLESHOOTING CPE ACCESS

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TROUBLESHOOTING CPE ACCESS


The main factors that cause network entry failure, are Interference Poor Coverage Rejection by AAA

When getting to the customers premise, the first thing to do is to execute the 3 commands from the maintenance interface to check parameters like RSSI, CINR and current FEC code, from this the problem can be determined.
Next, locate the position of the user on the map.

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If co-channel interference exists, the CINR is affected, So also the AMC, and the transmission rate. When CINR is below 10db, the CPE would not be able to synchronize With the down link transmission of the BS

If the distance of the CPE is large or obstructions exist between the CPE and the BS, the signal received by the CPE would be Weak (RSSI), hence the CPE would not be able to receive parameters used for UL ACQUISITION and RANGING.
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How can interference be detected

CPE

The CPE has been located On the map as shown

Using the simple formula /RSSI/ + /CINR/ > 90, we can determine if co-channel interference exists

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Firstly the cause of the co-channel interference has to be determined, this can be done by blocking adjacent sector carriers that are using the same frequency channel one by one until the source of Interference is determined.
Adjacent sector carriers on The same frequency channel

This is done using MML COMMAND on M2000


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In this case there two possible solutions Change the azimuth or tilt on the interfering BS Change the azimuth of the CPE

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Poor Coverage

>2km

Here the received signal (RSSI) would Be weak, resulting in network entry Failure. The solution would be to Change the location of the CPE to a place Were stronger signals can be received

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Rejection by AAA
Rejection of the user by AAA also causes network entry failure.

This could be as a result of forgotten passwords or Account expiration

The authentication failure flow is shown

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Thank You

Thank you
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