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PERINGKAT ASAS

JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM


MALAYSIA

Disediakan oleh :
Jawatankuasa Teknikal Kebangsaan
Kadet Pertahanan Awam Malaysia
(KAPA)
PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

ASAS

TAHAP III

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

PE RTUBUH AN
PERTAHANAN AWAM
DUNI A
( ICDO)

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

Th e In ter nat io na l Civil Defe nce


Or ga ni sati on(IC DO) is an inter-governmental
organisation whose objective is to contribute to the
development by States of structures ensuring the
protection and assistance of populations and
safeguarding property and the environment from natural
or man-made disasters. 

These structures are generally known as civil protection,


civil defence, civil safety and emergency management.
The IC DOfederates these structures with the aim of
favouring cooperation and mutual solidarity between
them. 

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

The IC DO is the umbrella organisation


of national civil defence structures.
Its objective is to contribute to their
creation and reinforcement.
The IC DO also plays the role as the
federating organisation which:
brings together the capacities of all
its Members and partners so as to
attain common objectives;

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

unites national civil defence structures and


endeavours to give them a common identity
through universally recognized and accepted
values;
furthers and encourages solidarity between its
Members

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

SEJARAH
ICDO

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

In 1931 the French Surgeon-General Ge orge s S ai nt -


Pa ul founded in Paris the "Lieux de Genève
Association" from which the present International Civil
Defence Organization (ICDO) originated. Under "Lie ux
de Ge nè ve" or "Geneva Zones" (Geneva : Henry
Dunant's birthplace, home of the Red Cross,
headquarters of the League of Nations), the Surgeon-
General meant neutralized zones or open towns in
which some categories of the civilian population could
seek refuge during wartime.

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

He particularly had in mind women, children, and


sick and elderly persons. The idea of the founder of
the "Geneva Zones" was in effect to create in all
countries well-demarcated safety zones or localities
established on a permanent basis or moreover
recognized as such, already in peacetime, by
bilateral or international agreements. This
programme was presented for the first time
by Ge or ge s Sa int -Pa ul , as early as 1929, in a
medical journal.

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

It was then developed in newspaper articles and


at numerous conferences. Later, in 1935, on the
initiative of the "Geneva Zones Association" the
French Parliament unanimously adopted a
resolution inviting the League of Nations to study
the means of creating in every country, according
to the agreements ratified by the League of
Nations, localities, places or zones which would
in case of armed conflict be preserved from all
combat and use for military purposes...".

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

The Surgeon-General Geor ges  Sa in t-Pau l died in 1937,


the same year as, at his request, the Association was
transferred from Paris to Geneva and became The
International Association for the Protection of Civilian
Populations and Historic Buildings in Wartime. It was one
of his most faithful colleagues and friends, the
Genevese Hen ri  Geo rge who from then on took over the
Association as its Secretary General. It was on his
initiative that the "Geneva Zones" intervened between the
belligerents in the Spanish Civil War (1936) and in the
Sino-Japanese conflict (1937) and were able to obtain the
creation of neutralized zones for some categories of non-
combatants in Madrid and Bilbao as well as in Shangai
and Nanking. Although the experience had been very
limited, it had shown that, under certain conditions, the
safety zone idea could be applied in some form. 

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

In 1947, He nri Ge orge  published an important work entitled


"Modern War and Civilian Protection" with the following
reference : "published by the General Secretariat of the
"Geneva Zones", "Truce Areas" International Association for
the Protection of Civilian Populations and Historic Buildings
in Wartime or Armed Conflicts". A true manifesto aimed at
public opinion, the work recalled the action of the Surgeon-
General Saint-Paul, the experience acquired but in particular
presented a preliminary draft of an international Convention
relating to the creation of "safety areas called Geneva
Zones". The ideas and principles developed in this manifesto
were the fount of inspiration for the drafting of texts
presented to the Geneva Diplomatic Conference held in that
city from May to August 1949 to revise the first three Geneva
Conventions and to adopt a fourth 

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

In July 1956 the "Geneva Zones Information Bulletin" was


entitled CIVIL DEFENCE and its editorial foreshadowed the
Association's development : "The resumption of general
action by the Geneva Zones Organization for the
protection of children, mothers, the aged and invalids in
case of war coincides with the development of national
Civil Defence bodies in different countries... The Geneva
Zones continue their efforts in instigating the evacuation
of non-combatants to refuge places and zones known as
"Geneva Zones" to work out development plans for these
places and to promote at an international level Civil
Defence measures, thus acting as a clearing house
between the different national Civilian Defence bodi

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

Membe rshi p o f the I CDO is open to all States which accept its
Constitution. For all acceding States the Constitution comes into
force thirty days after the deposit of the instrument of
ratification or accession. The annual contribution (from 21,000 to
60,000 Swiss Francs - approx. US$ 17,500 to US$ 50,000) has
been set at a level which does not burden the budget of Member
States and which can be compared to a subscription to an
international public utility service and is well within the financial
means of the national Civil Protection services with whom the
ICDO has direct links. In addition to the services described in
this brochure which the ICDO provides to its Members, it must be
noted that the enlarged concept of Civil Protection that appears
in Article 61 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions
should be considered as an invitation to the many States which,
as parties to this Protocol, have recognised the international
status of Civil Protection, to become Members of the ICDO. 

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

The Gene ral Assem bl y

Presidency: Senegal

Vice-P res id ency: Pakistan

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

The E xecuti ve C ounc il


Pres idency: Alger ia
Vice-P res ide ncy: Benin
Alger ia, Benin, Cameroon,
China, Côt e d' Ivoire, E gypt,
Ghan a, H aiti, Jor dan,
Mauritan ia, Niger, P akistan,
Mem ber S tat es :
Russian Federat ion, S audi
Ar abia, S enegal, S yrian Ar ab
Republic, S udan, U nited
Ar ab E mir ates
Status of Naï f Arab U niv ersity for
Obser ver : Securit y S ciences - NAUS S

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

The P ermanent Sec retar iat

Mr. Nawaf B. A L
Secret ary Gener al :
SLE IBI

Deputy : Mr. E vgeny VAS ILIE V

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


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JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

Address
Int ernati onal C ivil Def ence
Organi sati on

ch. de Surville 10-12 Tel.: +41 (0)22 879-6969


1213 Petit-Lancy  Fax: +41 (0)22 879-6979
Gene va ww w.icdo.org
SWIT ZERLAN D info@icdo.org

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

TUGAS
DAN
PERANAN PERTAHANAN
AWAM MALAYSIA

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

MENUBUH, MENGURUS DAN PENYENGGARA


ANGKATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM.
MERANGKA DAN MELAKSANAKAN
PROGRAM-PROGRAM LATIHAN
PENGURUSAN BENCANA DAN KECEMASAN
KEPADA ORANG AWAM.
MELAKSANAKAN PERKHIDMATAN BANTUAN
BENCANA DAN KECEMASAN.

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

MENYEDIA, MENGURUS DAN MENYENGGARA PUSAT-


PUSAT PEMINDAHAN DAN SISTEM AMARAN
BENCANA DAN KESELAMATAN.

5. MERANCANG DAN MELAKSANAKAN AKTIVITI


MENYELAMAT MANGSA DAN HARTA BENDA
SEBELUM, SEMASA DAN SELEPAS BENCANA.

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

PERANAN

1. Mengurangkan risiko akibat bencana :-


a) Latihan kepada orang awam
b) Sistem amaran bencana
c) Pusat-pusat perlindungan

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

2. Respond kepada bencana


a) Menubuhkan pasukan-pasukan (first
responder)
b) Perkhidmatan kecemasan

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

3. Pemulihan
a) Pembersihan
b) Membantu pembangunan semula
tempat- tempat kediaman
c) Khidmat nasihat (Kaunseling)

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

PERKHIDMATAN
TERAS
PERTAHANAN
AWAM

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia


PENGENALAN
JABATAN PERTAHANAN AWAM
MALAYSIA

Latihan kepada orang awam


Menyediakan perkhidmatan bantuan
seperti:
999
Tugas standby
untuk tujuan
medik dan kecemasan

Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia