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ROAMING

Topics
What is roaming ? Benefits of roaming Charges involved in roaming Types of roaming Different scenarios in roaming Exercise Questions

Roaming
With Roaming you are ensured you will be in touch with whoever you want, whenever you want. No matter where you are in the country or the world.

Benefits of Roaming
Roaming is a powerful service that helps you keep in touch when you are traveling out of the city.

With Roaming, you can travel the globe and still be contacted on one cell phone number.

You are reachable even from a phone that does not have STD/ISD facility.

Types of Roaming
Zonal Roaming National Roaming International Roaming

Zonal Roaming
This facility allows you to use roaming within a zone predefined by the service operator. You can make calls to your home network. Without having STD activated you can make calls to your home network.

Advantages of Zonal Roaming


There is no additional security deposit on the STD facility. You do not need to activate STD on your SIM card.

National Roaming
National Roaming allows you to use the roaming service throughout India. If you have applied for National Roaming, your STD facility is activated by default. If you would also like to activate the ISD facility, you will have to call your service operator and complete the formalities.

International Roaming
International Roaming allows you to use the roaming service world wide. If you have applied for International Roaming, your STD and ISD facility is activated by default. While roaming, remember to make calls according to the dialing pattern of the country or city you are in.

Charges While Roaming


An initial deposit has to be paid. A monthly rental is charged. On each call you will be charged : Airtime (Rs. 3 for Zonal and National) STD/ISD if applicable Surcharge (8% for National and 15% for International).

Terms To Remember
In roamer -A person visiting our network from any other network. MSC - Mobile Switching Centre HLR - Home Location Register VLR - Visitor Location Register BSS - Base Service Station BSC - Base Station Controller BTS - Base Transceiver Station PSTN- Public Switch Telephone Network

Simple Network
Denotes the state Karnataka

BSS

MSC-Kar

HLR

VLR

Sharon Hutch Subs From Kar Roaming in Mum

HLR

VLR

HUTCH Subs In Karnataka

HUTCH Subs Roaming in Mumbai


Receiver

BSS

MSC-Mum

PSTN

Ryan Hutch subs In Kar

BSS

MSC-Kar

Caller: Ryan Pays : Airtime

Caller

HLR

VLR

Dials-9886012345

Receiver: Sharon Pays : Airtime+ STD (Kar-Mum)+ 8% tax on the total.

Sharon Hutch Subs HLR From Kar Roaming in Mum

VLR

BSNL Subs In Karnataka

HUTCH Subs Roaming in Mumbai


Receiver

BSS

MTNL
MSC-Mum

PSTN

Ryan In Kar

BSNL

MSC-Kar

Caller: Ryan Pays : BSNL charges

Caller

HLR

VLR

Dials-9886012345

Receiver: Sharon Pays : Airtime+ STD (Kar-Mum)+ 8% tax on the total.

HUTCH Subs Roaming in Delhi


Ryan Hutch Subs From Kar Roaming in Delhi Sharon Hutch Subs From Kar Roaming in Mum

HUTCH Subs

Roaming in Mumba
HLR VLR

HLR

VLR

Caller

BSS

MSC-Del Receiver

BSS

MSC-Mum

Dials-09886012345
Caller: Ryan Pays : Airtime+ STD (Del-Kar)+ 8% tax on the total
BSS MSC-Kar

HLR

VLR

Receiver: Sharon Pays : Airtime+ STD (Kar-Mum)+ 8% tax on the total

HUTCH Subs Roaming in Delhi


Ryan Hutch Subs From Kar Roaming in Delhi Sharon Hutch Subs From Kar Roaming in Delhi

HUTCH Subs Roaming in Delhi


HLR VLR

HLR

VLR

Caller

BSS

MSC-Del Receiver

BSS

MSC-Del

Dials-09886012345
Caller: Ryan Pays : Airtime+ STD (Del-Kar)+ 8% tax on the total
BSS MSC-Kar

HLR

VLR

Receiver: Sharon Pays : Airtime+ STD (Kar-Del)+ 8% tax on the total

MTNL Subs In Delhi


Sujith MTNL Subs In Delhi HLR VLR Sharon Hutch Subs From Kar Roaming in Delhi

HUTCH Subs Roaming in Delhi


HLR VLR

Caller

BSS

MSC-Del Receiver

BSS

MSC-Del

Dials-09886012345
Caller: Sujith Pays : STD (Del-Kar)

BSS

MSC-Kar

HLR

VLR

Receiver: Sharon Pays : Airtime+ STD (Kar-Del)+ 8% tax on the total

Ryan Hutch sub from Kar Roaming in Goa BSS

Pooja Subs From Ker Roaming in Assam MSC-Goa

BSS

MSC-Assam

Receiver
HLR Caller VLR

HLR

VLR

Dials-09844522222

BSS

MSC-Kar

BSS

MSC-Ker

Caller: Ryan Pays : Airtime+ STD (Goa-Ker)+ 8% tax on the total Receiver: Pooja Pays : Airtime+ STD (Ker-Assam)+ 8% tax on the total

HLR

VLR

HLR

VLR

Exercise

Thats it