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Ibadat Rituals or More

Literal Meaning:
The basic concept implied by the root word, 'abd, is that of acknowledging someone other than oneself Holding supremacy or enjoying over lordship Abdicating one's freedom and independence in big favor, of relinquishing any resistance to or disobedience Surrendering oneself totally to ones authority Its not slavery or bondage which tantamount to similar status, the sense conveys to the mind of Arabs is of this very factor, namely, Slavery / Bondage

In Fiqh
The Arabic word ibadah ( )or ibada has connotations of obedience, submission, and humility. In Islam, ibadah is the ultimate obedience, the ultimate submission, and the ultimate humility to Allah (God) along with the ultimate love for Him. Ibadah is the reason for the existence of all humanity.. Following Islamic beliefs and practices its commands, prohibitions, the halal, and the haram. Ibadah cannot be forced upon another person

Classical Concept It includes anything refined for elites in the form of worship, flattery, gifts etc Any thing meant for Holy Royal Brhaman in Hinduism Confession in Christianity Leading congregation of Hajj in Islam

Modern Concept:
Rituals: Prayer, fasting, Ganga Ashnan, Idolatry etc Thoughts: Prophet S.A.W used to worship in Cave Hira. Ibadat of Hazrat Ibrahim A.S related to thoughts. Experience:Self denial, love, Chilla, Mediation Wajjadh, Tasawuf,Zikar etc Amer Bil Maroof wa Nahi En-el-Munkir Social Work: Sadka-e-Jaria Human rights- Haqooq-ul-Ebad Truth and Truthfulness

Islamic concept of Ibada is beautiful mix of all definitions of ibada. As Allah said in Holy Quran The Quran says:

"And to every nation We sent Messengers, ordering

them that they should worship Allah alone, obey Him, and make their worship purely for Him; and that they should avoid at-Taaghoot." [Sooratun-Nahl 16:36]

Nature of Ibadat in Islam

Physical Ibada Financial Ibada Spiritual Ibada (Thoughts) Fikri ibada Primary ibada it includes five basic ibada. Prayer, fasting, zakat, Hajj,Jihad (Obligatory) Secondary ibada e.g. Charity, Nawafil, slaughtering of animal to Seek mercy of Allah (Recommended) Social ibada e.g. Greetings, Eid, funeral namaz, Amanat (Optional) Political ibada e.g. establishment of Islamic state etc (??????)

Infradi-o-Ijtamai fwayid
Collective and Individual Benefits

Individual Reimbursements
Individual benefits: Faith or belief in the Oneness of God Fulfillment of basic purpose of life Nourishment of Self (Nafs) Hatred for evil Cause the mercy of Allah Self purification Sense of Responsibility

Spirit of Brotherhood Equality Realization of others pain Foundation of healthy society Implementation of Shariah Development of values Strength of social relations Social development Social betterment/welfare Spirit of mutual help

Ibadat/ 5 ibadah-five pillars of Islam

1. Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad; 2. Namaz /Establishment of the daily prayers; 3. Zakat /Concern for and almsgiving to the needy; 4. Roza /Self-purification through fasting; 5. Hajj/The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able. Jihad !!!!!!


Some objectives
Namaz was declared as farz on 10 hijri Roza was declared as farz on 2 hijri Zakat was declared as farz on 2 hijri (9 hijri rules)

Hajj was declared as Farz/wajib on 9 hijrai


Purity, Tazkiya Three important constituents
Rate, Time, threshold

Difference B/w Zakat and Sadq`aat,Nifaq,Khums,Fay,Haq


Wealth & precious Metals Agri-Production Live stock 2.5 %



Equivalent of 7.5 Tola Silver No Minimum thresholh 40 Goats, 5 Camels, 30 Cows

10% of irrigated On every 5% of Arid yield Goats 1/40, Camels 1G/5C, Cows 1/30 Annual

Trade-in-Stock Minerals or buried wealth

2.5 % 20%

Annual On every yield

52,000 Rs and more No minimum




(a) A religious function:

In this respect zakat is a manifestation of the faith that affirms that God is the sole owner of everything in the universe, and what men hold is a trust in their hand over which God made them trustees to discharge it as He has laid down:
Al-Quran Surah Al-Hadid (57:7) "Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend of that over which He made you trustees" It is also an expression of gratitude towards the Bestower Who said: "If you give thanks, I will give you more." (Quran 14:7)

(b) a social functions

Zakat makes a fair contribution to social stability. By purging the soul of the rich of selfishness and the soul of the poor of envy and resentment against society, It stops up the channels leading to class hatred and makes it possible for the springs of brotherhood and solidarity to gush forth

Socio-Economics Effects
Circulation of Wealth Reduction in Poverty (Umer-bin abdul Aziz and Saladin) Economic Prosperity Reduction in Unemployment Increase in Investment Increase in consumption (Y= C+ S)

Possibility of Working of Zakat

Corruption in Collection and Distribution Increased administrative Cost Exemptions in Payments of Zakat True Education Collective Reimbursement by Govt Separation of Zakat and Sadakat Trust Deficit on System

Some important questions about Zakat to ponder over

Can Zakat be given to Non-Muslims Is it applicable on Non-Muslims Can it be given to Mosques, Madaras etc Can it be given in family ?

Do Holy Royals pay or receive Zakat ?


Take, [O, Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify them and cause them increase, and invoke [ Allah 's blessings] upon them. Indeed, your invocations are reassurance for them. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing. 9-103

Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler - an obligation [imposed] by Allah . And Allah is Knowing and Wise. 9-60

Agri production and Zakat

And He it is who causes gardens to grow, [both] trellised and untrellised, and palm trees and crops of different [kinds of] food and olives and pomegranates, similar and dissimilar. Eat of [each of] its fruit when it yields and give its due [zakah] on the day of its harvest. And be not excessive. Indeed, He does not like those who commit excess. 6-141-inaam 23

And know that anything you obtain of war booty - then indeed, for Allah is one fifth of it and for the Messenger and for [his] near relatives and the orphans, the needy, and the [stranded] traveler, if you have believed in Allah and in that which We sent down to Our Servant on the day of criterion the day when the two armies met. And Allah , over all things, is competent. 8-41-infiaal

They ask you, [O Muhammad], what they should spend. Say, "Whatever you spend of good is [to be] for parents and relatives and orphans and the needy and the traveler. And whatever you do of good - indeed, Allah is Knowing of it."

[Charity is] for the poor who have been restricted for the cause of Allah , unable to move about in the land. An ignorant [person] would think them self-sufficient because of their restraint, but you will know them by their [characteristic] sign. They do not ask people persistently [or at all]. And whatever you spend of good - indeed, Allah is Knowing of it. 2-273