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AAL Type 2 Signalling Protocol (AAL2SIG)

Switching Core Network Signalling M14 / U4

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Document change history


Date Version Name Change comment

18.2.08

Gatot Mardianto

M14/U4 upgrade from M13

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Functionality
AAL type 2 signalling (AAL2SIG) protocol provides the
signalling capability to establish, release and maintain AAL type 2 point to point connections across series of ATM VCCs that carry AAL type 2 links. These services are accessible via the AAL type 2 served user service access point (A2SU-SAP). The AAL type 2 signalling protocol also provides maintenance functions associated with AAL type 2 signalling. AAL type 2 signalling is defined by ITU-T Q.2630 recommendation. M14/U4 implements Q.2630.2 (Capability Set 2)

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Protocol stacks
AAL2SIG can be run over 2 different protocol stacks
MTP3b/SAAL/ATM : used in IuCs, Nb SAAL/ATM : used in Iub

AAL2SIG (Q.2630.2) MTP3 SSCF-NNI SSCOP AAL5

AAL2SIG (Q.2630.2) SSCF-UNI SSCOP AAL5

IuCS/Nb

Iub

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Protocol Structure for Iu-CS


Radio Network Layer Transport Network Layer Control Plane
RANAP Transport Network Control Plane

User Plane
Iu User Plane Protocol Transport Network User Plane

Transport Network User Plane

SCCP MTP3 SSCF-NNI SSCOP AAL5

Q.2630.2 MTP3 SSCF-NNI SSCOP AAL5 AAL2

ATM

Physical Transmission layer

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Protocol Structure for Iub


Radio Network Layer
Control Plane
DCH FP

User Plane
RACH FP DSCH FP CPCH FP FACH FP PCH FP

NBAP

Transport Network Layer

Transport Network User Plane

Transport Network Control Plane Q.2630.2

Transport Network User Plane

SSCF-UNI SSCOP AAL5

Q.2150.2 SSCF-UNI SSCOP AAL5 ATM

AAL2

Physical Transmission layer

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ATM Adaptation Layer and Supported Traffic


ATM Service Classes
A
Bit Rate Constant

C
Variable

Source & Dest. Connection

Synchronised

Not Synchronised

Connection Oriented

Connectionless

Typical Use

Voice

Video Voice(silence removed) Audio

Data IP Frame relay

Data SMDS

AAL

AAL1

AAL2

AAL5

AAL3/4

ATM Layer Physical Layer

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AAL5
AAL5 header
USER DATA - Variable length 1 - 65 535 bytes AAL5 Packet Data Unit USER DATA - Variable length 1 - 65 535 bytes AAL5 Packet Data Unit

ATM cell 1

ATM cell 2...

..ATM cell n

PAYLOAD = N x 48 BYTES

AAL5 PACKET, fixed header, variable length payload

Suit for data PADDING, variable length to fill the 48-byte ATM cellwhich no timing request between ATM CELL, 5-byte header + 48-byte payload Tx and Rx
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AAL2
User Layer

Suit for delay sensitive application


AAL ATM Adaptation Layer header 1 2 3 4
ATM Cell Virtual Channel (VC) Virtual Path Transmission path

String of AAL Packet Data Units ATM Layer


ATM CELL HEADER

2 ATM cell

AAL PACKET, fixed header, payload OFFSET, 1 byte (indicates where the next AAL2 PDU starts) ATM CELL, 5-byte header + 48-byte payload
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Functional architecture of AAL type 2 signalling


AAL type 2 service endpoint AAL type 2 served user A2SU-SAP A2SU-SAP AAL type 2 switch AAL type 2 service endpoint AAL type 2 served user

LM-SAP

LM-SAP

Layer management

Layer management

Nodal function

Nodal function

Layer management

AAL type 2 signalling entity

AAL type 2 signalling entity

LM-SAP

AAL type 2 signalling entity Nodal function

Protocol entity

AAL type 2 Signalling message

Protocol entity

Protocol entity

AAL type 2 Signalling message

Protocol entity

GST-SAP Signalling transport converter

GST-SAP Signalling transport converter Signalling transport converter

GST-SAP

GST-SAP Signalling transport converter

(Note)

(Note)

(Note)

(Note)

Signalling transport (e.g. MTP3b + NNI-SAAL, UNI-SAAL, SSCOP, ...)

Signalling transport (e.g. MTP3b + NNI-SAAL, UNI-SAAL, SSCOP, ...)


T11104330-99

NOTE In every AAL type 2 node, a signalling transport converter instance is associated with each AAL type 2 signalling transport.

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AAL type 2 signalling protocol entities

Outgoing protocol procedures provide the mechanism to initiate an AAL type 2 connection request and also release of AAL type 2 connection. Incoming protocol procedures are applied when a request for an AAL type 2 connection is received from the peer entity and also provide release of AAL2 type 2 connection. Maintenance protocol procedures provide mechanisms to align the status of AAL type 2 resources at two adjacent AAL type 2 nodes and the procedures to block and unblock an AAL type 2 path. The nodal function provides the bridge between incoming and outgoing protocol entities, perform the routing functionality and keeps track of the AAL type 2 resources.
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AAL type 2 signalling protocol message format

Signalling association identifier has fixed size field of 4 octets.


When it is used as destination signalling association identifier and has value unknown then field is set to 0. If it is used as originating signalling association identifier, it can not have value 0.

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AAL type 2 message identifiers

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Compatibility table for message and parameter

a)

Send notification indicator 0 1 Do not send notification Send notification

a)

Instructor indicator

00
01 10 11

Pass on message or parameter


Discard parameter Discard message Release connection

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AAL type 2 parameter format

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Parameters of AAL type 2 signalling messages (1)

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Parameters of AAL type 2 signalling messages (2)

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Identifiers of the AAL type 2 message parameters


AAL type 2 parameter Cause Connection Element Identifier Destination E.164 Service Endpoint Address Destination NSAP Service Endpoint Address Link Characteristics Modify Support for Link Characteristics Modify Support for Service Specific Information Origination Signalling Association Identifier Path Type Preferred Link Characteristics Preferred Service Specific Information (Audio Extended) Preferred Service Specific Information (Multirate Extended) Served User Correlation ID Served User Generated Reference Acronym CAU CEID ESEA NSEA LC MSLC MSSSI OSAID PT PLC PSSAIE PSSIME SUCI SUGR Identifier 00000001 00000010 00000011 00000100 00000101 00001110 00001111 00000110 00010000 00010001 00010010 00010011 00010100 00000111

Served User Transport


Service Specific Information (Audio Extended) Service Specific Information (Audio) Service Specific Information (Multirate Extended) Service Specific Information (Multirate) Service Specific Information (SAR- Assured) Service Specific Information (SAR Unassured) Test Connection Indicator

SUT
SSIAE SSIA SSIME SSIM SSISA SSISU TCI

00001000
00010110 00001001 00010111 00001010 00001011 00001100 00001101

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Explanation of parameters
Cause (CAU)
Gives the reason of an operational error Describes the reason for the release of connection Indicates the reason why connection could not established

Connection element identifier (CEID)


It consists of AAL type 2 path identifier and Channel identifier (CID). AAL type 2 path identifier has field size of 4 octets. A value of 0 in all octets
indicates Null. Channel identifier has field size of 1 octet. It can have value in the range of 8 to 255. A value of 0 indicates Null.

AAL type 2 service endpoint address (A2EA)


It carries end point address of the destination. It can have E.164 or NSAP format.

Served User Generated Reference (SUGR)


It carries an unmodified reference provided by the originating ALSU to the
destination served user. Binding ID is used as this reference number

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Explanation of parameters
Served User Transport (SUT)
It carries the served user data unmodified to the destination served user.

Test Connection Indicator (TCI)


It indicates that the AAL type 2 connection to be established is a test connection

SSCS information (SSCS)


It identifies the type and the capabilities of an AAL type 2 SSCS protocol.
- service specific information (audio) - service specific information (multirate) - service specific information (SAR)

Link Characteristics (LC)


It gives an indication of the resources required for the AAL type 2 connection and is
used only for AAL type 2 path selection and connection admission control.

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Implementation in M14/U4
ANI Adjacent AAL type 2 node identifier
It identifies adjacent AAL type 2 node by unique name.

AAL type 2 path identifier


It identifies AAL type 2 path by unique number.

AAL2 SEA AAL type 2 Service Endpoint Address


Address of AAL2 Service Endpoint in E.164 format.

Ownership
It indicates whether the AAL type 2 path is owned by AAL type 2 signalling entity or its peer.

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Successful AAL type 2 connection establishment

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Successful AAL type 2 connection release

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Example of management operation

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MML: Create Routing Objects for Iu Interface


Create ATM Route in MGW towards RNC: Route = 11
ZRRC:ROU=11,TYPE=AAL2:PRO=MTP3:NET=NA0,SPC=701,ANI=AAL2RNC1;

Check that there is free VCLtp


ZLCI: <interface id>,VC:<VPI>:FREE; ANI

Create an endpoint of VC level under Route 11. Path is 5, Interface Id is 2,


VPI 1, VCI 33. Loss ratio 10 exp -3 , Mux delay 10 ms
ZLJC:11,5:2,1,33:LOCAL:3,100; ZLSU:AAL2RNC1:11:18; ZWEI:AAL2:SEA=35822; AAL2 E.164 address

Unblock AAL2 path, waiting time for blocking commands is 18 seconds

Owner

Interrogate AAL type 2 service endpoint address

Path ID (in Connection ID = VP/VC)

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