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What is Occupational

Health?

Occupational health is a preventive form of medicine concerned with

  • the relationship of work to health

  • the effects of work on the worker

Occupational Practice

Occupational

health

practice

is

concerned with measures to prevent or

reduce the risk of occupational disease

and

includes

a

range

of

health

surveillance procedures.

In its wider context, it incorporates:

  • systems for the identification, measurement, evaluation and control of occupational health risks

  • advising of employers on welfare amenity

provisions

  • first aid arrangements

  • consideration of the ergonomic aspects of

tasks

  • the selection, provision, assessment of suitability, maintenance and use of personal protective equipment

  • the provision of information, instruction,

training and constant supervision for all persons

exposed to health risks

Occupational Health

Practitioners

  • Occupational Physicians

  • Occupational Health Nurses

  • Occupational Hygienists

Occupational Physicians

Occupational physicians are registered medical practitioners who have

specialized in occupational medicine, namely the diagnosis and treatment of

occupational diseases and conditions.

The British Medical Association has identified the role of the occupational physician as encompassing the following:

  • the effect of health on the capacity to

work

  • the effect of work on health

Occupational Health Nurses

Occupational

health

nurses

are

registered general nurses with a specific

qualification

in

occupational

health

nursing.

The occupational health nurse’s role incorporates

eight elements:

  • health supervision

  • health education

  • environmental monitoring and occupational safety

  • counselling on health-related issues

  • provision of treatment service

  • rehabilitation and resettlement

  • unit administration and record systems

  • liaison with other services

Occupational Hygienists /

Hygiene

Occupational hygiene is defined as being

concerned

with

the

identification,

measurement, evaluation and control of

contaminants and other physical

phenomena.

Occupational hygienists are frequently involved in the taking of samples of

airborne contaminants and in the

measurement of noise and vibration