Sie sind auf Seite 1von 17

Impact of Different level of Nitrogen on the yield of Spinach

Presentation Highlights
Introduction Scientific classification of spinach Uses Objective Parameters Materials and methods Result & discussion

INTRODUCTION OF SPINACH
It is native to central and southwestern Asia Arab traders carried spinach into India and then the plant was introduced into ancient China, where it was known as "Persian vegetable Top five spinach production country China (12,512,005 m/t), USA (331,430 m/t), Japan (302,000 m/t), Turkey (225,746 m/t), Indonesia (152,130 m/t).

Scientific classification of Spinach


Kingdom: Plantae Order : Caryophyllales Genus: Spinacia Species: oleracea family : Chenopodiaceae

Uses
Its a king of iron than other vegetables; it is a rich source of vitamins A and C, thiamin, potassium, folic acid and carotenoids. Its play a vital role in maintaining health & vigour.

Nutritive Value of Spinach per 100


g
Iron Carbohydrates 2.7 mg (21% 3.6 g

Potassium

558 mg (12%)

Calcium

99 mg (10%)

Protein

2.9 g

Objective
To identify the best dose of nitrogen fertilizer on the yield of spinach

Parameters
Plant Height Number of leaves per plant Plant population per plant

Leaf fresh Yield per plot

Leaf area

Materials and Methods


The Experiment was laid out in RBCD Replicated was three time (plot size: 148 ft2) Each replication were contain five same size treatment (4 ft2) Leaf area was determined using the graph Paper All growth parameters were taken once at 90 days after sowing (DAS) Nitogen was applied in the form of Urea (46) at the rate of : N0: control N0: 26 kg/ hac N0: 22 kg/ hac N0: 31 kg/ hac N0: 17 kg/ hac

Sowing of seed was performed in the 1st Dec 2012 by Broadcast

Spinach was harvested on 3rd March , 2013

Effect of different nitrogen fertilizer levels on leaf number


24.4 22.8 18.6 13.5

12.8

T1

T2

T3

T4

T5
T4: 26 kg/ hac T5: 31kg/ hac

T1: Control T2: 17 kg/ hac T3: 22 kg/ hac

Effect of different nitrogen fertilizer levels on fresh yield


24.4
22.8 18.6

13.5

12.8

T1

T2

T3

T4

T5 T4: 26 kg/ hac T5: 31kg/ hac

T1: Control T2: 17 kg/ hac T3: 22 kg/ hac

Effect of different nitrogen fertilizer levels on plant population


24.4 22.8 18.6

13.5

12.8

T1 T2 T1: Control T2: 17 kg/ hac T3: 22 kg/ hac

T3

T4

T5

T4: 26 kg/ hac T5: 31kg/ hac

Effect of different nitrogen fertilizer levels on leaf area


24.4
22.8 18.6 13.5

12.8

T1

T2

T3

T4

T5
T4: 26 kg/ hac T5: 31kg/ hac

T1: Control T2: 17 kg/ hac T3: 22 kg/ hac

Effect of different nitrogen fertilizer levels on spinach height


24.4 22.8 18.6

13.5

12.8

T1

T2

T3

T4

T5

T1: Control T2: 17 kg/ hac T3: 22 kg/ hac

T4: 26 kg/ hac T5: 31kg/ hac

CONCLUSION
The results strongly suggest that higher nitrogen (31 kg N ha-1)level was applied as sole dose. with respect to all growth parameters at sowing time