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VIENNA SECESSION

To every age its art to every art its freedom

The Vienna Secession was founded on 3 April 1897 by artists Gustav Klimt,

Koloman Moser, Josef Hoffmann, Joseph Maria Olbrich, Max Kurzweil, and others.

As the name indicates, this movement represented a protest, of the younger generation against the traditional art of their forebears, a "separation" from the past towards the future.

They hoped to create a new style that owed nothing to historical influence. In this way they were very much in keeping with the iconoclastic spirit of turn-of-the-century Vienna

The Secessionist style was exhibited in a magazine that the group produced, called Ver Sacrum, which featured highly decorative works representative of the period.

The Secession Building

Joseph Maria Olbrich

Born

December 22, 1867 in Opava, Austrian Silesia

Died Nationality Awards Buildings

August 8, Dsseldorf, Germany


Austrian Rome Award .Secession hall .Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station

Year: 1898

Architect : Joseph Maria Olbrich Max Klinger, Eugene Grasset, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, and Arnold Bocklin.

Architecture
The ground plan of the pavilion reveals simple geometrical forms, taking the square as the basic shape. The framework is softened by curves and ornaments.

Interior

The exhibition hall, in the shape of a basilica with a lofty nave and two lower aisles, can be easily adapted for each show staged here. It is almost completely covered by a vaulted glass roof that by day bathes the interior in a constant and even light

Faade

The building is quite sober and only uses two colours, white and gold. Due to its massive, unbroken walls, the construction has the appearance of being constructed from a series of solid cubes

Motto

Above the entrance of the pavilion is the motto of the Secessionist movement Der Zeit ihre Kunst. Der Kunst ihre Freiheit To every age its art, to art its freedom.

Gorgon heads

The entrance area is decorated with the heads of the three Gorgons, which represent architecture, sculpture and painting. The sides also feature owls, formed by Olbrich himself, and together with the Gorgons they are attributes of Pallas Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, victory and the crafts.

The owls

Ornamentation

The entire building is decorated with gilt laurel garlands, floral patterns and plants along the sides of the walls. But most striking is the tree above the main door which is entirely laid out in gold. These details contrast strikingly with the simplistic faade

Entrance

The blue mosaic flower pots on the left and the right of the entrance door are carried by four turtles. Small trees add a touch of nature to smooth the buildings hard lines

Dome

The most prominent feature of the otherwise clean design is the dome, made of 3,000 gilt laurel leaves. The laurel symbolizes victory, dignity and purity.

Anshu Darbari, Uzma Khan

Laurel leaves

Beethoven frieze

Created by Gustav Klimt in 1902 for an exhibition paying homage to Ludwig van Beethoven, the 34-m (110-ft) long fresco tells a narrative revolving around the composers Ninth symphony, Ode to Joy . Today the frieze is regarded as one of the masterpieces of Viennese Art Nouveau.

Beethoven frieze

Marc Anthony Statue

The bronze sculpture of the Roman emperor Mark Antony in a chariot drawn by lions was created by Arthur Strasser in 1898. It was displayed at the fourth exhibition in the Secession and was then placed outside, to the right of the building.

Marc Anthony

Thank you
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B.Arch 3rd Year