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Workshop

Philosophical Issues Concerning


Qualitative Research

Theo Niessen Ph.D.

Date: June 8th 2009


Child
Fontys
Vrije Reseacher
Universiteit Etc.
Valkenhof

Father
Psychiatric
nurse Who is Theo?
Teacher
Musician meditation
Consultant
to the MT

Lecturer ethics

NOBODY & EVERYBODY AT THE SAME TIME


Goal of this workshop

(Starting) Explicating your worldview


through means of a creative activity1

1
Refering to Performative Sociale Science: more information FQS:
http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/issue/view/10
Content workshop

• (Why) Worldview of enactivism (default view


within this workshop)

• Different types of knowing?


• Hands-on creative experience
• Reflection & evaluation
Enactivism
Central concepts
• To enact (perform)
• Embodiment
• Different kinds of knowing
(holistic view)
Types of knowing
• Experiential knowing through encounter
with the presence of the world – non-
coneptual knowing
• Presentational knowing clothes
experience in imaginal metaphors in story,
art, gesture
• Propositional knowing using concepts that
come through the mastery of language
• Practical knowing demonstrated in a skill
of competence
Type of knowing Workform

Experiential knowing Meditation, stillness

Presentational knowing Creative expression

Propositional knowing Articles/ books/ literature

Practical knowing Integration


Your choice for a certain
worldview1 has implications for:
• What aspects of reality will get your attention
(and what you don’t see!) – movie 1
• The results of scientific research. These are not
‘objective’ but colored by your initial choice of
theory (political dimension)
• The recommendations you formulate
• The cooperation with your professor and other
parties (being not on a similar wavelength can
cause problems)
1
Set of philosophical presuppositions relating the questions how we think
about reality (ontology), our knowledge (epistemology), the methodology and
our moral values (axiology)
Literature…
• Literature may help you explicating your
own worldview (emergent process)
• Literature provides you some additional
information about an enanctivist worldview
as proposed within research at
epistemological beliefs (article 2)
The artifact understood
Assignment (I)
• When you think of (your) research or
science in general – what images /
metaphors comes to mind?
• Make an artifact to image that emerges.
You may use whatever comes to mind
and whatever you find within and outside
this room.
• Use within it the item you brought with
you!
Assignment (II)
- Try to work in silence
- Sit together in groups of ¾ students
- Don’t think too much – just start
- Work from the first item to the next
(emergence)
- When finished look at the works and start
explicating you image (others ask questions)
Thinktool - continuums

• Complex  Complicated
• Organical  Mechanical
• Configuration  Variables

• Caring  Detached

• Collective  Individual
• Understanding  Explaining
• Meandering pathways  Linear
relationships
Meandering pathway
Thinktool - continuums
ONTOLOGY (Reality)
• Complex  Complicated
• Organical  Mechanical
EPISTEMOLOGY (Knowledge)
• Configuration  Variables
AXIOLOGY
• Caring  Detached
METHODOLOGY
• Collective  Individual
• Understanding  Explaining
• Meandering pathways  Linear relationships

Try to explicate your worldview ever more nuancedly: start with: “A


participatory inquiry paradigm” from Heron & Reason (open access)
Thank you very much for your
willingness to participate!!

t.niessen@fontys.nl
t.niessen@educ.unimaas.nl