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Chapter 5 Strategies in Action

Strategic Management: Concepts & Cases 10th Edition Fred David


PowerPoint Slides by Anthony F. Chelte Western New England College

Long-Term Objectives
Objectives -Quantifiable Measurable Realistic Understandable Challenging

Long-Term Objectives
Objectives -Hierarchical Obtainable Congruent Time-line

Long-Term Objectives Varying Performance Measures by Organizational Level


Organizational Basis for Annual Bonus/Merit Pay Level

Corporate
Division Function

75% on long-term objectives 25% on annual objectives 50% on long-term objectives 50% on annual objectives 25% on long-term objectives 75% on annual objectives

Financial vs. Strategic Objectives


Financial Objectives
Growth in revenues Growth in earnings

Higher dividends
Higher profit margins Higher Earnings per share Improved cash flow

Types of Strategies
A Large Company
Corp Level

Division Level

Functional Level

Operational Level

The Balanced Scorecard


Robert Kaplan & David Norton -Strategy evaluation & control technique Balance financial measures with non-financial measures Balance shareholder objectives with customer & operational objectives

Types of Strategies
Forward Integration

Vertical Integration Strategies

Backward Integration

Horizontal Integration

Types of Strategies
Market Penetration

Intensive Strategies

Market Development

Product Development

Types of Strategies
Concentric Diversification

Diversification Strategies

Conglomerate Diversification

Horizontal Diversification

Types of Strategies
Retrenchment

Defensive Strategies

Divestiture

Liquidation

2003 Examples
Forward Integration
Doll maker & mail order firm, Pleasant Co., opened a retail store in Manhattan McDonalds recently acquired a paper cup producer
Callaway Golf recently acquired Top-Flite Golf Company

Backward Integration
Horizontal Integration

2003 Examples
Market Penetration
SABMiller Plc spent $500 million in 2003 on marketing its Miller brands of beer JetBlue is adding dozens of new routes GM developing hydrogen powered automobiles or Pfizer developing a new antismoking pill

Market Development
Product Development

2003 Examples
Concentric Diversification Conglomerate Diversification
Microsoft launched its first personal computers that double as entertainment centers
The video-rental firm Blockbuster may acquire the DVD and music directmarketing firm Columbia House Viacom acquired Comedy Central, from AOL

Horizontal Diversification

2003 Examples
Retrenchment
America West Airlines closing its hub at Columbus, Ohio and laying off 390 employees
ConocoPhillips recently sold its Circle K convenience store chain to Alimentation CoucheTard, a Canadian firm Sprint liquidated its Webhosting division

Divestiture

Liquidation

Michael Porters Generic Strategies

Cost Leadership Strategies

Differentiation Strategies

Focus Strategies

Recent Mergers
Acquiring Firm IBM Yahoo U.S. Steel Pfizer Krispy Kreme Doughnuts Oracle Palm Nike Acquired Firm Rational Software Corp Inktomi Corp National Steel Corp Pharmacia Montana Mills People Soft Handspring Converse

First Mover Advantages

Benefits a firm may achieve by entering a new market or developing a new product or service prior to rival firms.

Outsourcing
Business-process outsourcing (BPO)

Companies taking over the functional operations of other firms