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Services in a Converged WAN

Accessing the WAN Chapter 1

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Objectives
Describe how the Cisco Enterprise Composite Model (ECNM) provides integrated services over an Enterprise network.
Describe the key WAN technology concepts. Identify the appropriate WAN technologies to use when matching ECNM best practices with typical enterprise requirements for WAN communications.

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Wide Area Networks WAN


LAN connects computers, peripherals, and other devices in a single building or other small geographic area An enterprise must subscribe to a WAN service provider to use WAN carrier network services.

A WAN is a data communications network that operates beyond the geographic scope of a LAN. WAN allows the transmission of data across greater geographic distances WANs use facilities provided by a service provider, or carrier. WANs use serial connections.
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WANs The need

Sharing of data

Organization to organization
Remote users Over large distance

LAN Falls short


Company Growth

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Evolving Enterprise
Stages of business growth.

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The Evolving Network Model

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Describe How ECNM Provides Integrated Services over an Enterprise Network


Problems with the Hierarchical Design Model that Cisco's Enterprise Composite Model has been designed to address

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Describe How ECNM Provides Integrated Services over an Enterprise Network


Explain the purpose of Cisco Enterprise Architectures

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Key WAN Technology Concepts


WAN functions in terms of the OSI Reference Model
The physical layer (OSI Layer 1) protocols describe how to provide electrical, mechanical, operational, and functional connections to the services of a communications service provider. The data link layer (OSI Layer 2) protocols define how data is encapsulated for transmission toward a remote location and the mechanisms for transferring the resulting frames. A variety of different technologies are used, such as Frame Relay and ATM. Some of these protocols use the same basic framing mechanism, High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC), an ISO standard, or one of its subsets or variants.

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Key WAN Technology Concepts


WAN physical layer concepts for network and Internet communications

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Key WAN Technology Concepts

WAN physical-layer protocols describe how to provide electrical, mechanical, operational, and functional connections for WAN services.
The WAN physical layer also describes the interface between the DTE and the DCE.

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Key WAN Technology Concepts


WAN data link layer protocols used in todays Enterprise WAN networks
Data link layer protocols define how data is encapsulated for transmission to remote sites and the mechanisms for transferring the resulting frames.

ATM uses small fixed-size cells of 53 bytes (48 bytes for data),

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Key WAN Technology Concepts


Switching technologies used for WANs in an Enterprise setting Packet switching splits traffic data into packets that
A circuit-switched network is one that switching networks do not require a circuit to be establishes a dedicated circuit (or channel) established, and they allow many pairs of nodes to between nodes and terminals before the users communicate over the same channel. Packets are divided and sent through available connections. may communicate.
are routed over a shared network. Packet-

PSTN and ISDN are two types of circuitswitching technology that may be used to implement a WAN in an enterprise setting.
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There are two approaches to this link determination, connectionless or connectionoriented.


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Select the Appropriate WAN Technology to meet ECNM Requirements


List the various options for connecting subscribers to the WAN

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Select the Appropriate WAN Technology to meet ECNM Requirements


Enterprises use leased line services to provide a WAN connection
Point-to-point lines are usually leased from a carrier and are called leased lines.

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Select the Appropriate WAN Technology to meet ECNM Requirements


Circuit switching options available to provide a WAN connection

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Select the Appropriate WAN Technology to meet ECNM Requirements


Packet switching options available to provide a WAN connection

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Select the Appropriate WAN Technology to meet ECNM Requirements


List factors to consider when selecting a WAN connection

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Summary
A WAN is defined as
A data communications network that operates beyond the geographic scope of a LAN

WAN primarily operate on layer 1 & 2 of the OSI model

WAN technologies include


Leased line ISDN

Frame relay
X.25 ATM

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Summary
Cisco Enterprise Architecture
This is an expansion of the hierarchical model that further divides the enterprise network into Physical areas Logical areas Functional areas

Selecting the appropriate WAN technology requires considering some of the following:
WANs purpose
Geographic scope of WAN Traffic requirements If WAN uses a public or private infrastructure

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