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Under the supervision of Mr. Alok Shukla A.G.

M,TUM-3

Kamlesh Kumar Saxena Roll No. DE/12/ME/002 Rahul Kumar Singh Roll No. DE/12/ME/24

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.(BHEL) Established in 1956 at Bhopal. First unit supplied in 1969 at the Basin Bridge Thermal Power Station in Tamilnadu. It was established to meet the growing power requirement of the country. It is the largest engineering enterprise of its kind in India and is one of the major power plant equipment manufacturers in the world. Within a decade, BHEL had commissioned the 100th unit at Santaldih, West Bengal.

BHOPAL BANGLORE Electro-Porcelain Division HARDWAR

Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant Control Equipment Division,

Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant, Central Foundry Forge Plant Industrial Valves Plant High Tension Ceramic Insulation Plant

GOINDWAL JAGDISHPUR

JHANSI HYDERABAD TIRUCHIRAPALLI

Transformer Plant Heavy Power Equipment Plant High Pressure Boiler Plant

RANIPET

Boiler Auxiliaries Project

Location: - Situated in the foot hills of Shivalik range in Haridwar. The main Administrative building is at a distance of about 8 km from Haridwar.
Address: - Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited Ranipur, Haridwar PIN 249403 Area: - BHEL Haridwar consists of two manufacturing units, namely Heavy Electrical Equipment Plant (HEEP) and Central Foundry Forge Plant (CFFP), having area HEEP: 845 sq. km CFFP: 10 sq. km

VISION A world Class Engineering Enterprise Committed to Enhancing Stakeholder Valve. MISSION To be an Indian Multinational Engineering Enterprise providing Total Business Solution through Quality Products, Systems and Services in the field of Energy, Industry, Transportation, Infrastructure and other potential areas. VALUES

Zeal to Excel and Zest for Change. Integrity and Fairness in all Matters. Respect for Dignity and Potential of Individual. Strict Adherence to Commitments. Ensure Speed of Response. Foster Learning, Creativity and Teamwork. Loyalty and Pride in the Company.

Business activities of BHEL can be classified as


Power sector:-Includes hydro and nuclear power plant business. Generation Transmission Industries Transportation Telecommunication Renewable energy Other industries International operations

To plan the manpower requirement & budget the human resources with necessary qualification, skills, aptitude, merit & suitability in accordance with the organizational requirements.
To ensure that the company attracts & retains the best of personnel in each of the areas of functioning. To focus on placement of employees in the job to which they are best fitted. To adapt to & fulfil the socioeconomic commitment of the govt. to the unfortunate/minority sections. To systematically build up a model system for the guidance of & emulation by other enterprises both in the public & private sectors

One of the major manufacturing units of BHEL. It has achieved an all-time high turnover of Rs. 1641 crores in 2005 2006. The 210, 250 and 500 MW thermal sets, made by HEEP. Constitute 65% of total thermal coal based power plants. These contribute to 71 % of total generated by coal based thermal sets in the country.

PRODUCT
Thermal sets

RANGE
Steam Turbines & Turbo Generators of unit size up to 1000 MW. Hydro Turbine of Kaplan, Francis & Pelton with matching generators up to 250 MW unit size.

Hydro sets

Gas Turbines Combined Cycle Power Plant.


Electrical Machines.

60,150 & 200 MW.ISO Ratings. With Steam Turbines up to 300 MW.
Medium & Large sized AC/DC Electrical Machines various capacities up to 20MW 4-6 MeV Linac Accelerator Machine for treatment of cancer Turbines & generators up to 500MW

Medical equipment Equipment for Nuclear Power Plant.

MANUFACTURING CAPABILITIES Capability to manufacture three types of steam turbines For fossil fuel power plant (HP, LP, IP) 1000MW For nuclear power plants 500MW For combined cycle power plants 300MW Two types of designs are broadly manufactured LMW (Lenning metal works), Russian design KWU (Kraft works union) design Modular turbine design concept

HP & IP Casing has double shell construction & LP has three shell construction. HP outer casing barrel type construction. IP turbine with single or double flow type. Turbine with nozzle /throttle governing system. Turbine suitable for constant pressure as well as sliding pressure operation along with base load operation.

Hp turbine Ip turbine Lp turbine

Ability to withstand centrifugal forces proportional to the rotational speed. Ability to withstand transient thermal stresses at start-up/shut-down or on load changes. Good fatigue/notch toughness to withstand local stress concentrations at blade attachment areas. Ability of medium pressure rotor to withstand creep loading due to high temperature caused by double re-heats.

800 MW Steam Turbines Salient Features:New series of HP, IP, LP modules for subcritical parameters Steam Parameters:Main steam pressure: 247 ATA Main steam temperature: 565C Hot reheat temperature: 593C

500 MW Steam Turbines


Features:Main steam pressure- 170 kg/cm2 Main steam temperature- 537C Hot reheat temperature- 537C HP Turbine:Module H30-100-2 Weight 86,400kg Rotor length- 4.61m Height- 2.15m

LP Turbine:Module w-30-2X10 m2 Weight 345,000 kg Rotor length- 8.7m Width 10.7m Height from floor- 4.6m
IP Turbine:Length 4425mm Width 5000mm Height 4800mm Steam pressure- 41 kg/cm2 Steam temperature- 537C

HP Turbine:Single flow Double shell casing Inner casing vertically split Outer casing barrel type and axially divided. Mono black rotor First stage diagonal bleeding Casing mounted valve Main steam pressure: 247ATA Main steam temperature: 565C Outlet steam pressure: 54ATA Number of stages: 19 Power generated in HPT: 197MW

IP Turbine:Double flow Double casing design with horizontal split inlet from lower half Extractions connection from lower half Admission blade ring with cooling Reheat steam pressure: 54ATA Reheat steam temperature: 593C Steam outlet pressure: 668ATA Power generated in IPT: 262MW

LP Turbine: Double flow Double shell casing Single admission from top half Outer casing and condenser rigidly connected Push rod arrangement to axial clearances Mono block rotor Inner / outer casing fabricated Inlet steam pressure : 5.97ATA Inlet steam temperature: 282.1C Outlet steam pressure: 0.1047ATA Power generation: 210MW

CNC VERTICAL MACHINE: - It is used in the machining of LP casing Supplier : M/S Pietro carnaghi; Italy M/C model: AP 80 TM-6500 Table diameter: 6500mm Maximum turning diameter: 8000mm Maximum boring diameter: 660mm Maximum height for turning and boring: 7000mm Table load capacity: 200 Tons Table speed: 0.2-50rpm Pulley spindle speed: 3.4-3000rpm at 40KW Spindle taper: BT50 CNC system: SINUMENIK 840D

Maximum diameter of W/P accommodated: 10000-12500mm Maximum height of W/P accommodated: 5000mm Diameter of table: 8750mm Maximum travel of vertical tool Head ram sides: 3200mm Heads from Centre of table: 5250mm Maximum weight of W/P:200 Tons Diameter of boring spindle:160mm Travel of boring spindle: 1250mm

It is used for facing of turbine frame. (HSS). It is manually operated. It is used for reaming drilling. Supplier: SKODA Tool: T-max cutter (carbide)

It

is used for machining of IP rotors. Some of its specifications are given below: Maximum diameter over bed: 3200mm Maximum diameter over spindle: 2500mm Length between centers: 16m Maximum weight of the work piece: 100 tons Spindle bore: 96mm

Main spindle bore: 150mm Distance between centers: 12000mm Turning diameter over bed cover: 1400mm Turning diameter over carriage: 1100mm Cost of working /hrs: Rs. 7650

BOGIE

HEARTH FURNACE single ended Bogie Hearth Furnace 2000(L) X 1500 (W)X 1500 (H)mm gross charge load of 2000 kg and 800C for stress reliving / annealing / tempering etc. of ferrous components of various grades and sizes Slowly heating 30/hr ,50/hr ,60/hr

High frequency 3 axis CNC programmable type, capable of progressive heating and quenching be used for surface hardening on turbine components (cylindrical/non cylindrical/flats) of carbon and alloy steel the hardened depth 0.5 mm. to 2.0 mm and hardness of HRC 50 - 62. High frequency current Electric magnetic field Heat generated Quenching Increase in hardness

a thin case of high hardness and wear resistance is produced on C-alloy steels immersed in molten salt bath containing NaCN which is heated to 820-860C followed by water quenching. consists of 20-30% NaCN, 25-50% Na2CO3 time required is 30-90 mins depth of case which is 0.15-.5 mm

A deeper or thick case of .5-2 mm is obtained by heating the work piece in a salt bath at 930-360 C for 1.5-6 hours depending upon the depth of case required bath consists of 82 % barium chloride, 8% of sodium cyanide and 10% sodium chloride

Advantage

It requires less time than carburizing. Less distortion to the work piece. Resistance to corrosion and wear is high (magnetite layer) Disadvantages High cost. Cyaniding bath is toxic hence the workers need protection.

heating the surface of medium carbon steel by high temperature gas flame at 24003300C and immediately cooling in air or water Heat may be supplied by oxyacetylene torch. The fuel used may be oxyacetylene, natural gas or kerosene. As soon as the desired temperature is achieved water is immediately sprayed hardened layer is 2-4 mm

Advantage

Practically no distortion of the work piece As heating rate is high the work surface remains clean Process can easily be automated Process is more efficient for large work as compared to induction heating Disadvantage Very thin section may get distorted Over heating may cause crack

N content of the surface is increased done by heating the steel in the atmosphere of NH3 gas through the work pieces at a temperature of 500-650C atomic state of nitrogen diffuses nitriding case is 0.3 to 5 mm thick, it requires 30-80 hours

Advantage

Increases the hardness of layer which is harder as compared to carburizing Increases wear resistance, endurance limit, resistance to corrosion No heat treatment is required after nitriding Disadvantages Case produced is brittle Process is costly as compared to carburizing

For bearing Chemicals metal treatment chemicals pvt.ltd.

Assembly of spindle & valve cover