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ADVANTAGES OF DRIP IRRIGATION

INCREASED YIELD EARLY MATURITY WATER SAVING FERTILIZER SAVING INCREASED FERTILIZER USE EFFICIENCY BY CROP ENERGY SAVING LABOUR SAVING MARGINAL LAND & UNDULATED LAND CAN BE IRRIGATED USE OF SALINE WATER IS POSSIBLE FOR IRRIGATION REDUCED WEED GROWTH LESS PROBLEM OF DISEASE AND PEST MAKES INTERCULTURE OPERATIONS EASY

CROP Tomato Capsicum Bhendi Brinjal Beans Babycorn Gherkins Carrots Cauliflower Cabbage

YIELD (kg/acre)
Surface Drip % more

WATER USE (m3/acre)


Surface Drip % saving

9808 5340 3144 5044 2255 2292 9720 5460 6840 8550

25050 8900 7187 8569 4100 3952 19500 10500 10960 18750

155.4 66.6 128.5 69.9 81.8 72.4 100.6 92.3 60.2 119.2

1901 2041 1683 2483 1776 1462 1343 1965 1562 1504

1007 1161 1043 1488 1120 820 856 1301 1040 1016

47.0

43.1
38.0 40.0 36.9 43.9 36.2 33.8 33.4 32.4

CROP Cucumber

YIELD (kg/acre)
Surface Drip % more

WATER USE (m3/acre)


Surface Drip % saving

6200

9000

45.1

1544

960

37.8

bittergourd
Bottlegourd G.pepper Ashgourd Broccoli Beetroot Radish

7981
15200 --4320

13301
22320 12500 4800

66.6
46.8 --11.1

3040
3360 --3360

1320
2160 1220 2960

56.5
35.7 --11.9

CROP Banana Grapes Pomegranate Sweetlime Mango Papaya Watermelon Ber/tree Kinnow

YIELD (kg/acre) Surface 23000 8000 6050 4000 3000 5200 9610 13.7 2720 Drip 35000 12000 11700 6000 5400 9200 15500 18.0 3920 % more 52.1 50.0 94.5 50.0 80.0 76.9 61.3 31.3 44.1

WATER USE (m3/acre) Surface 7040 3520 3920 6640 5100 9120 1680 15.4 884 Drip 3880 2320 2196 2560 3324 2920 1000 12.5 692 % saving 44.8 34.0 43.9 61.4 34.8 68.0 40.5 18.8 21.7

Guava/tree
Mosambi*

160
40000

220
60000

37.5
50.0

6.4
6640

5.2
2560

18.7
61.4

* Numbers

CROP Sugarcane

YIELD (kg/acre)
Surface Drip % more

WATER USE (m3/acre)


Surface Drip % saving

30000 70000

133.3

9800

4960

49.3

Cotton
Onion Potato

904
14625 6060

1700
22500 10880

88.0
53.8 79.5

3600
2080 2400

1680
1120 1100

46.6
46.1 54.1

Chillies
Grain corn Pop corn

912
800 1700

1520
1400 2600

66.6
75.0 52.9

1708
2304 2200

980
1500 1208

42.6
34.9 45.1

Groundnut
Chickpea

1692
1254

2436
2200

43.9
75.4

2620
1808

1680
1048

35.9
42.0

DRIP IRRIGATION

In Drip Irrigation, the plant foliage remains dry . This prevents the diseases and leaf burns that are some times evident in sprinkler Irrigation. In Drip Irrigation, the area between wetted strips is kept dry. This facilitates the movement of machinery and farm implements when irrigation is in progress. Drip Irrigation is well suited to all soils and also for heavy soils with low infiltration rate or soils that from surface crusts when sprinkled. Drip Irrigation requires no special land preparation.

DRIP IRRIGATION

Drip Irrigation can not be used for frost protection or for cooling during period of hot weather like sprinkler irrigation. Like sprinkler irrigation, Drip Irrigation can not be used or suitable for supplemental irrigation of large areas. In dry , windy regions, Drip Irrigation of young tree plants in light soils encourages soil erosion due to the very limited wetted area. Strong winds also presents problems of anchorage.