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FAA Pavement Design

Federal Aviation Administration

Flexible Pavement FAARFIELD Design Example

Presented to: 2008 Eastern Region Airport Conference Rodney N. Joel, P.E. Ci il Engineer ! Airfield Pa e"ent Airport Engineering Di ision

By:

Date: #arc$, 2008

FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design

FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Starting Screen No Job Files Created

Click on e! "ob#

FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Creating / Naming a Job File

Enter "ob %itle Click &'


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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Copy Basic Section/Pavement Type from Samples

Click on samples#

FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Copy Basic Section/Pavement Type from Samples

De,a-lt .asic Pavement +ections

Click on Cop* +ection#

FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design 7 Basic Starting Structures in !"F##


Section Name ACAggregate AConFlex AConRigid NewFlexible NewRigid PCConFlex PCConRigid Pavement Type New flexible on Aggregate base Asphalt overlay on Flexible pavement Asphalt overlay on Rigid pavement New Flexible on stabilized base New Rigid on stabilized base PCC overlay on flexible Unbonded PCC on rigid

Be sure to sele t the pavement type that most orre tly represents your pavement needs
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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Copy a Typical Pavement Section

Click on desired pavement section

%1en click on t1e pro2ect !1ere t1e section !ill be saved

FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Create a Ne$ Job Title

Enter "ob %itle

Click &'

FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Create a Ne$ Job Title

Click End Cop*#

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design %or&ing %it' a "esign Structure

+elect t1e 2ob and t1en select t1e section *o- !ant to anal*6e

Click on +tr-ct-re# %o open t1e ,ile

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design %or&ing %it' a Pavement Section

%1e selected sample pavement !ill appear

%1e str-ct-re ma* be modi,ied i, desired

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design (odifying a Pavement Section

Click on t1e box aro-nd t1e la*er material *o- !ant to modi,*

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design (odifying a Pavement Section

+elect t1e la*er t*pe *o- !ant to incl-de in *o-r pavement section No modification for this example

Click &' Cancel for this example


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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design ayer Placement .estrictions


T'ere are restriction on placement of certain pavement layers) e!g! "ou an not pla e an #overlay$ below a #surfa e$ ourse! *t'er restrictions prevent or cause c'anges in t'e pavement type +fle,ible or rigide!g! Changing a surfa e asphalt layer to a rigid layer will hange the pavement type!

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design (odifying a Pavement Section

Click on a propert* to modi,* an* o, t1e la*er properties

7odi,* t1e s-bgrade C.R ,or t1is example

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design (odifying a Pavement Section

Enter t1e ne! val-e ,or t1e material propert* ** some materials will have limits on property values -se 0 ,or t1is example

Click &'

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design (odifying a Pavement Section

e! val-es appear in t1e str-ct-re !indo!

Click End 7odi,*


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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design !nter Traffic (i,ture

Click on Aircra,t# %o enter tra,,ic mix

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design !nter Traffic (i,ture


8o- ma* !ant to clear an* existing airplanes

Click on t1e airplane gro-p desired9 %1en select t1e desired airplane and click Add# Repeat ,or complete tra,,ic mixt-re
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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Traffic (i, for t'is e,ample


Annual (epartures 2-*'--*'--+-,'--3-+-*',-4-*'--2-Annual %rowth' ) -!--!--!--!--!--!--!--!--!--!--!-24

No! Name * , + 3 / 2 0 4 1 *** A+,-.*-A+3-.2-- std A+3-.2-- std Belly A+4-.4-B0+0.4-B030.3-B030.3--5R B0/0.+-B020.3-- 5R B000.+-- 5R B040.4

%ross &eight' lb */-'012 4-/'*,4 4-/'*,4 *',+1'--*03'0-400'--1*+'--,0*'--3/*'--000'--304'---

FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design !nter Traffic (i,ture


Certain airplanes ma* appear in t1e list t!ice9 %1is is to address t1e presence o, !ing gears and bell* gears FAARFIELD treats t1ese as t!o airplanes 1o!ever t1e !eig1t and depart-res are interlocked

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #d/usting #irplane 0nformation

:ross %axi ;eig1t< Ann-al Depart-res and = Ann-al :ro!t1 ma* be modi,ied

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #d/usting #irplane 0nformation 1ross %eig't

Click on t1e airplane gross !eig1t to c1ange t1e !eig1t

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #d/usting #irplane 0nformation 1ross %eig't


Enter t1e ne! !eig1t and click &'

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #irplane 0nformation 1ross %eig't imitations


T'ere are limitations on c'anges to airplane gross $eig'ts) # range is provided for eac' airplane $'ic' represents reasonable $eig'ts for t'e airplane

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #d/usting #irplane 0nformation #nnual "epartures


Click on Ann-al Depart-res# to c1ange depart-res ,or an airplane

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #d/usting #irplane 0nformation #nnual "epartures


Enter t1e ann-al depart-res o, t1e airplane Click &'

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #nnual "epartures in F##.F0! "


Annual departures has the same meaning as the previous design pro edure! Arrivals are ignored! For design purposes FAARF657( uses the total annual departures' ad8usted for growth' multiplied by the total design period in years
e!g! *,-- annual departures 9 ,- years : ,3'--- departures

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #d/usting #irplane 0nformation 2 #nnual 1ro$t' of #nnual "epartures
Click on t1e ann-al gro!t1 val-e to bring -p t1e pop>-p box9

Enter t1e percent ann-al gro!t1 and click &'

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #d/usting #irplane 0nformation 2 #nnual 1ro$t' of #nnual "epartures

Allowable range of per ent annual growth is ;<. *-)

3ou can create t'e same effect by modifying t'e annual departures suc' t'at t'e total annual departures results in t'e desired total)

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design 4ie$ing #irplane 0nformation

+croll over to reveal additional col-mns o, in,ormation

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design #irplane 0nformation


Available in FAARFIELD Aircra,t +creen

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design 4ie$ing #irplane 0nformation

CDF col-mns and P?C ratio !ill be 6ero !1en airplanes are ,irst entered

+ave t1e list !1en ,inis1ed entering airplanes t1en click t1e back b-tton

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Performing t'e Pavement "esign

%1e la*er !it1 t1e small arro! is t1e la*er t1at !ill be ad2-sted to provide t1e str-ct-ral design

%1e location o, t1e arro! is determined b* t1e t*pe o, pavement str-ct-re

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design ayered #d/usted "uring "esign

P#4!(!NT T3P! #C#ggregate #ConFle, #Con.igid Ne$Fle,ible Ne$.igid PCConFle, PCCon.igid

#3!. #"J7ST!" P89:; Subbase P8;<9 #C *verlay P8;<9 #C *verlay P8=<> subbase PCC Surface PCC *verlay on Fle, PCC *verlay 7nbond

For Ne$ fle,ible sections t'e arro$ can be moved by double clic&ing ne,t to t'e desired base or subbase layer during 5modify design6 mode)
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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "esign ife

Click on t1e des9 Li,e# to c1ange n-mber o, *ears ,or t1e design period9

;1en t1e pop>-p box appears< enter t1e desired n-mber o, *ears9 &%E@ t1e standard FAA design is ,or 25 *ears
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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Performing t'e Pavement "esign

8o- are no! read* to design t1e str-ct-re9 +impl* click on Design +tr-ct-re#

%1e program !ill keep *o- in,ormed abo-t t1e stat-s o, t1e design

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design .esult of t'e Pavement "esign

%1e program !ill ad2-st t1e design la*er -ntil a CDF o, 495 is ac1ieved

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design .esult of t'e Pavement "esign

%1e program 1as also determined t1e minim-m base la*er reA-irement

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design .evie$ing #irplane "ata #fter Completing t'e "esign

CDF and P?C ratio in,ormation is no! available %1is in,ormation allo!s *o- to see !1ic1 airplane 1ave t1e largest impact on t1e pavement str-ct-re

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Saving and .evie$ing t'e Pavement "esign "ata

;1en ,inis1ed !it1 t1e design< click t1e .ack# b-tton and select !1et1er *o- !ant to save t1e data
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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design .evie$ing "esign 0nformation

%o vie! a s-mmar* o, t1e design click t1e otes# b-tton

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design .evie$ing "esign 0nformation

8o- can vie! t1e s-mmar* data or cop* it to ot1er electronic media Data can also be exported in B7L to allo! a-tomated entr* into FAA Form (455

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design .evie$ing "esign 0nformation

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design .evie$ing "esign 0nformation

otice t1e +tatement Asp1alt CDF !as not comp-ted#

%1is means t1e design ass-med t1e ,ail-re !as in t1e s-bgrade and did not calc-late t1e ,atig-e in t1e bottom o, t1e asp1alt la*er
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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Calculating Fatigue in t'e #sp'alt ayer

.* clicking t1e options box t1e -ser can access t1e optional program ,eat-res incl-ding t1e Asp1alt la*er CDF

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Calculating Fatigue in t'e #sp'alt ayer

I, *o- !ant t1e program to calc-late t1e asp1alt ,atig-e -n>c1eck t1e box and re>r-n t1e design

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design Calculating Fatigue in t'e #sp'alt ayer

As t1is example demonstrates< t1e controlling ,eat-re is almost al!a*s t1e s-bgrade

i9e9 s-bgrade CDF reac1es 495 !1ile t1e AC CDF is still 595
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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design (inimum Base Course .e?uirements


F##.F0! " $ill automatically determine t'e minimum base layer re?uirements) 7sers can do t'is step manually if desired by deselecting t'is option Remove subbase layer and in rease subgrade CBR to ,-! Re.run the design to obtain the minimum base thi =ness

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

Click on 7odi,* +tr-ct-re#

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

Click on Add?Delete La*er#

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

Click on t1e s-bbase la*er

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

C1eck t1e delete option %1en click &'

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

C1ange t1e P>$54 +tabili6ed la*er to P>253

Increase t1e s-bgrade C.R to 25 %1en click End 7odi,*#


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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

Click Design +tr-ct-re#

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness


%1e minim-m P>253 .ase t1ickness is t1at necessar* to protect t1e C.R 25 s-bbase material o! convert P>253 to stabili6e material

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

*0!0 in hes of P.,-1 is onverted to >tabilized Base For this example use P.3-* as stabilized material ?3-*Base : ?P,-1 < 1.6
(1.6 is provided in 5320-6E)

?3-*Base : *0!0 < *!2 : **!-2,/ say **!-

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

% Reconstr-ct t1e pavement section % +tabili6ed P>$54 base at 44 inc1es % P>253 as t1e improved s-bbase material % C.R ret-rned to design val-e Click End 7odi,*#

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

%1en click Design +tr-ct-re#

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FAARFIELD Flexible Pavement Design "etermine (inimum Base T'ic&ness

%1e ,inal pavement reA-irements are no! visible

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design


*verlay design is very similar to ne$ pavement design e,cept t'at t'e design is only allo$ed to iterate on t'e overlay layer T'e steps and options are similar to t'at of a ne$ fle,ible design

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design ; Basic *verlay Structures in F##.F0! "

Section Name Pavement Type #ConFle, #sp'alt overlay on Fle,ible pavement #Con.igid #sp'alt overlay on .igid pavement PCConFle, PCCon.igid PCC overlay on fle,ible 7nbonded PCC on rigid

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #ssume t'e previous design e,ample e,cept t'at t'e e,isting structure is @9< inc'es deficient in t'e subbase layer)
#Confle,
#sp'alt on e,isting fle,ible pavement
E&isting Pa e"ent 'ection

/$ **$ 1$

#CC +P8;<9StabiliAed B#S! +P8;<9-

(riginal design re)*ired +8.8 inc$es of P,20-

S7BB#S! +P8=<>-

S7B1.#"! CB.BC
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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design Create !,isting Pavement Section for *verlay "esign
Cop* t1e original pavement section D go to 7odi,* +tr-ct-re#

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design Create !,isting Pavement Section for *verlay "esign
+tart !it1 t1e original pavement section D go to 7odi,* +tr-ct-re#

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design Create !,isting Pavement Section for *verlay "esign

Click on t1e s-bbase t1ickness and enter 395 to establis1 t1e existing pavement str-ct-re

%1en click on Add?Delete La*er#

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design Create *verlay ayer

Click on t1e P$54 s-r,ace la*er to add a section la*er

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design Create *verlay ayer

Click on t1e top la*er and c1ange its properties to Asp1alt P>$54 &verla*

%1en click on End 7odi,*# to ret-rn to design mode

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design Create *verlay ayer

otice t1e arro! 1as relocated to t1e overla* la*er 8o- ma* con,irm or modi,* t1e airplane in,ormation %1en click Design +tr-ct-re# to complete t1e design
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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design Create *verlay ayer

%1e ,inal overla* t1ickness is (9( inc1es

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design

*verlay "esign #sp'alt over .igid Pavement

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

Create a ne! +ection -sing t1e de,a-lt samples or cop*ing existing sections9

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

+elect t1e "ob ,ile

%1en open t1e str-ct-re

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

%1e ne! section ma* not a-tomaticall* incl-de t1e tra,,ic mixt-re -sed ,or ot1er sections9 8o- can cop* t1e entire tra,,ic mixt-re ,rom a previo-s section to save time and e,,ort9
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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

+elect t1e section containing t1e tra,,ic mixt-re *o!ant to cop*

Click Aircra,t#

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

Click on +ave to Float# to cop* t1e entire airplane list to t1e Float Elike a clipboardF

Click .ack#

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

+elect t1e ne! overla* section

%1en click Aircra,t#

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

Click on Clear List# to remove an* existing airplanes ,rom t1e section9

%1en click on Add Float# to add t1e Float list to t1e section

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

%1e -pdated list is no! visible9 8o- can modi,* t1e list i, necessar*

&nce *o- are satis,ied !it1 t1e airplane list click +ave List# and .ack#

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

8o- ma* need to modi,* t1e sample section to acc-ratel* mimic *o-r existing pavement section Gsing t1e same proced-res as be,ore to modi,* t1e section

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

8o- !ill notice t!o ne! variables in t1e design !indo!

+CI =CDFG

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

SC0 Structural Condition 0nde,


# measure of t'e structure condition of t'e e,isting pavement structure) Summation of structural components from PC0 "istress Survey

SC0 range < +complete failure- 9<< +no distress-

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign
C"F7 B Cumulative "amage Factor 7sed &hen >C6 : *--' you must identify the per entage of pavement life that has already been onsumed i!e! C(FU

LU : number of years of operation of the existing pavement until overlay LD : design life of the existing pavement in years

To calculate C"F7 create original structureD create traffic applied to t'is pointD use 5 ife6 button

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign Calculate C"F7
&verla* removed to create original str-ct-re Design Li,e c1anged to $ *ears to estimate in> service li,e9 Click on Aircra,t# to enter 1istoric tra,,ic mixt-re

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign Calculate C"F7
For t1is example ass-me t1e .///< ./0/< A3$5 and A305 are not in t1e 1istoric tra,,ic mix9 Remove t1ese airplanes9

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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign Calculate C"F7
Click t1e Li,e# b-tton and t1e =CDFG ,or t1is pavement str-ct-re and t1e 1istoric tra,,ic !ill be displa*ed =CDFG H3$9/= indicates t1at t1e pavement li,e is mostl* cons-med9 Enter t1is val-e ,or CDFG be,ore design
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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign

Ret-rn to original overla* section Restore original tra,,ic mixt-re Ad2-st +CI and =CDFG Click on Design +tr-ct-re# to complete t1e overla* design
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FAARFIELD > +ample C7A &verla* Design #sp'alt *ver .igid Pavement *verlay "esign Final Pavement Section

ReA-ires I)95 inc1 overla* t1ickness

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FAARFIELD > Celp 7an-al 0nteractive 7serEs (anual / Felp File

For assistance !it1 t1e program click t1e Celp ke*

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FAARFIELD > Celp 7an-al 0nteractive 7serEs (anual / Felp File

+earc1 b* Contents?c1apters< Index< or !ord searc1

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FAARFIELD > Celp 7an-al Printing Felp (anuals

%o print t1e man-al move to t1e Contents# tab and click Print

+elect Print t1e selected 1eading and all s-btopic# Do t1is ,or eac1 1eading

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+o,t!are Available at@


1ttp@??!!!9,aa9gov?airportsJairtra,,ic? airports?constr-ction?designJso,t!are?

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%1ank 8oK-estionsL
Rodne* "oel< P9E9 Civil Engineer ? Air,ield Pavements FAA< &,,ice o, Airport +a,et* and +tandards Airport Engineering Division< AA+>455 rodne*92oelM,aa9gov

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