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How to be top! Think think like a lawyer -and get the best marks!

The Yaakov Gorr version Lawtutor-commercetutor.com.au

WHY ARE YOU AT LAW SCHOOL ? The First Principle of War: SET AND MAINTAIN THE GOAL What is your Goal ?
Make the world a better place ? Become the worlds best Lawyer ? Become a very rich Lawyer ? Safeguard land rights for gay whales ?

WHY ARE YOU AT LAW SCHOOL ?

WRONG

SET & MAINTAIN THE GOAL


You are at law school for one purpose and one purpose only

TO PASS THE COURSE!

If you dont get your degree you have wasted your time so becoming the worlds greatest Lawyer, saving the whales, the environment, and the world will have to wait

HOW DO YOU PASS?

Demonstrate the ability to think and act like a lawyer in addressing problems, analysing issues and performing legal tasks

TRUTH No. 1

The students who get the best marks in Law School are not necessarily the smartest in their class

WHAT DO THE EXAMINERS WANT ?

Perfection is not required Excellence is quite sufficient

YOUR AIM

To maximise the marks you get from the amount of work you put in

THE BIG SECRET

Passing Law is possibly the simplest task you will ever undertake in your life It is not easy, but it is simple.

THE BIG SECRET

Passing Law is conceptually simple.

It is not easy, but it is simple.

THE BIG SECRET contd Examiners, Judges, Clients all want the same thing:

The answers to two simple questions:


1) What

is the relevant law? 2) How would that law be applied in this situation?

HOW TO SUCCEED
You must show you can:

Think (and act) like a Lawyer

By learning to use this approach to all your problem solving

WHAT WAS THAT AGAIN ?

Just answer two simple questions:


1)What

is the relevant law? 2)How would that law be applied in this situation?

Law is not a cartoon

LAW IS NOT
Great literature Creative writing Comedy (most judgments are boring and few after dinner speeches of judges are riveting!)

WHAT IS THE RELEVANT LAW ?


The are ONLY two sources of Law:
1) Legislative Statutes (laws passed
by Parliament, and regulations)

2) Judicial

Precedents - court

decisions
NOTE: If you cant show that the law you quote comes from one of these sources what you say is just a personal opinion

WHAT GIVES RISE TO LIABILITY ?

What is it that the Statutes or Courts say must be present before liability arises? What tests must I apply to determine if these elements are present? When those tests are applied to these facts, are the required elements proven?

THIS IS THE WHOLE OF THE LAW

PRACTICAL EXAMPLE
OFFENCE: Driving through a red light
Elements:
1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

Person in charge of a vehicle proceeding against directions of a a traffic regulating device

NOTE: also relates to STOP and GIVE WAY signs

HURDLES
THE ELEMENTS THAT MUST BE PROVEN TO ESTABLISH LIABILITY

5 4 3 2 1

REGULATING DEVICE

AGAINST DIRECTIONS

OF A VEHICLE

IN CHARGE

PERSON

PRACTICAL EXAMPLE contd


OFFENCE: Driving through a red light
Elements:

1) Person

PRACTICAL EXAMPLE contd


OFFENCE: Driving through a red light
Elements:

2) in charge

PRACTICAL EXAMPLE contd


OFFENCE: Driving through a red light
Elements:

3) of a vehicle
OR OR

PRACTICAL EXAMPLE contd


OFFENCE: Driving through a red light
Elements:

4) proceeding against the directions

PRACTICAL EXAMPLE contd


OFFENCE: Driving through a red light
Elements:

5) of a a traffic regulating device


NOTE: also relates to STOP and GIVE WAY signs

THE MIRAC APPROACH


M: What are the Material facts I: What Issues arise from those facts? R: What is the Relevant Law ? (i.e. what are the elements and tests). Some writers call this the rules. A: Apply these rules to the facts C: Reach a Conclusion (which may be tentative)

THE SAME WORKS IN ESSAYS


EG Do we need to change the law relating to ABC as a result of popular reaction to a certain event? Parliament changes the law
from time to time as a result of popular reaction or results of law reform enquiries.

Explain the policy Analyse the Relevant Law Apply these rules to various sets of facts Does this meet the policy needs of the legislators?

SO WHAT ?
The Implications for Exam Preparation:

To get a HD in every law exam you sit for, all you have to do is know all the elements (and tests) relevant to every area of law in that subject and then apply them to the facts given in the exam questions

HOW DO I DO THAT?

Using your lecture notes, tutorial notes, text books and relevant articles, prepare a summary which gives you all the elements and tests relevant to every area of law in the subject

SUMMARIES
1) Give

you a generic answer to every possible problem 2) Provide road maps through subjects 3) And consist of:
* Principles; * Preliminaries; * Elements & Tests; and * Remedies

EXAM PREPARATION
Preparation of a perfect summary should be the entire focus of your exam preparation for every subject you study

If you have a perfect summary, there is NO QUESTION that you can be asked in an exam (or by a judge or client) that you have not already prepared a perfect answer for

DRAFTING YOUR SUMMARY


1) 2) 3) 4)

5)
6)

Prepare your first draft as a framework answer before the tute Test it during the tute Revise it after the tute, preferably in a study group Expand and complete it at the end of lectures on that topic (or in week 13) Test it using past papers Correct/complete it as necessary

TO GET THE BEST MARKS


Put your argument logically show it in a flow chart during your preparation 2) Put your argument clearly study groups are great for testing arguments 3) Put your argument succinctly Ive been able to explain the entire method of preparing for any form of assessment (exam, essay, tute) in 36 slides! 4) Youll need flawless expression and grammar as well.
1)

WRITING THE SUMMARY


1) 2) 3) 4)

5)

Make good lecture Notes (But dont copy anyone elses notes) Tutes - always prepare & review Texts, articles and additional materials When you write the summary, remember what the examiner, judge and client want to know: a. What is the law b. How/when does it apply here Leave no questions unanswered

TUTORIAL PROBLEMS
1)

Use tutorial problems as an opportunity to prepare topic summaries. Read the problem, work out what area of law it deals with, them ignore the problem Using lecture notes, text books and cases, work out a framework covering the issues, elements and remedies relevant to that topic

2)

3)

TUTORIAL PROBLEMS
4)

Apply that framework to the problem to ensure that it provides all the answers After the tute, check and revise the framework, adding the new cases, insights etc learned during the tute Get a HD mark for the tute

5)

6) 7)

This framework will form the basis for your exam summary

TUTORIAL MARKS
Are the easiest Marks you can get You will be marked on:
1) 2) 3) 4)

Attendance Preparation Participation Contribution