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NATIONAL KNOWLEDGE

COMMISSION

AGENDA FOR DISCUSSION


AUGUST 4TH 2005
PM’s OPENING BRIEF TO
NKC ON AUGUST 2ND
n Strengthen knowledge base of India
n Convert knowledge into human capabilities
n High potential but severe challenges
n Demographic advantages
n Funding gap/attract global investment
n India to become global R&D destination
n Improve governance
n Improve public libraries and think-tanks
n Bold recommendations to improve mathematics,
science and liberal arts
NKC MEMBERS
n Sam Pitroda
n Pushpa Bhargava
n Nandan Nilekeni
n Deepak Nayyar
n Ashok Ganguly
n Jayati Ghosh
n Andre Beteille
n Pratap Bhanu Mehta
TERMS OF REFERENCE
n Build excellence in the educational system to
meet the knowledge challenges of the 21st
century and increase India’s competitive
advantage in fields of knowledge
n Promote creation of knowledge in S&T
laboratories
n Improve the management of institutions engaged
in intellectual property rights
n Promote knowledge applications in agriculture
and industry
n Promote the use of knowledge capabilities in
making government an effective, transparent and
accountable service provider to the citizen and
promote widespread sharing of knowledge to
maximize public benefit
ORGANIZATION

PM

NKC
COMMISSION

MINISTRIES
CHAIRMAN
PLANNING

/ STATES
MEMBERS

SUPPORT STAFF
OVERSIGHT MECHANISM
n A national steering group for the NKC
headed by the PM, includes Ministers of
• Agriculture
• HRD
• S&T
• Commerce
• IT
• Planning
RESPONSIBILITIES
n Members
• Consultations
• Working group leadership
• Expert identification
• New ideas and initiatives
• Specific area focus
• Action items and deliverables
• Overall coordination/communication
METHODOLOGY
n Highlight the challenges and opportunities
presented by the future knowledge society
n Understand and monitor India’s performance in
its evolution as knowledge society, both
nationally and internationally
n Identify areas of cooperation and collaboration
between education, S&T, business, eGovernance,
judiciary, etc.
n Recommend organizational and institutional
changes, and create new institutions
n Establish NKC working groups to provide expert
advice on specific areas and public policy issues
CONSULTATIONS
n Government
• Central
• State
n Professionals
• Academics
• Vice Chancellors & Principals
• Scientists
• Social Scientists
• Regulatory Bodies
• Major National Think-tanks
• Industry
• NGOs
• Multilateral Agencies
n Regional / National Consultations
STRATEGY
n Capitalize on government commitment
• Leadership support
• Policy environment
• Resource provision
• Reconciliation of interests
• Growth, equity and universality
• Long term commitment
n Partnership with NGO, private sector and
public sector
n Resource mobilization
n Use technology
KNOWLEDGE PENTAGON

ACCESS

Knowledge
CONCEPTS CREATION

APPLICATIONS SERVICES
KNOWLEDGE LIFECYCLE
Birth Infanc Childhood Young Age Work Post Work
y Age Age

• Health • Primary • Secondary • Family • Sharing


• Hygiene Education Education, Life, Wisdom &
• Nutrition • Health • Higher • Work Life Experience
• Nutrition Education,
• Sports
• Entertainment

Acquiring Knowledge

Using Knowledge to
Generate Wealth & Welfare

Health, Knowledge & Well-being


KNOWLEDGE PROCESS
n Generation of new knowledge
n Dissemination of knowledge on a
continuous basis
n Utilization of knowledge
• Health-care
• Agriculture
• Government
• Industries
• Traditional knowledge
NKC FRAMEWORK
n Public policy
n Regulation impact
n Budgets and funds
n Process re-design
n Institutions
n Owners / Champions
n Incentives / Disincentives
n Extending reach to people
n Mission mode
LINKAGES & SYNERGIES
Knowledge to Create Wealth & Equity
n Teaching and research
n Intra-Institutional
n Inter-Institutional
• Within domains
• Different domains
n Industry and R&D
n Institutions to Citizen
• Innovation
• Production
• Entrepreneurship
• Venture Capital
• Agriculture
n Knowledge for civil society
ACCESS
Increase Reach & Opportunities
n Literacy
n Affirmative action
n Knowledge delivery
• Libraries
• Networks
n Resources
• Individuals
• Institutions
n Right to information
NETWORK EXAMPLES
n Education
n Health
n Agriculture
n Business
n R&D Labs
n Libraries
n Food Distribution
n Art & Culture
n Traditional Knowledge
n Security
n Government
n Disaster Management
NATIONAL WEB PORTALS
n National Knowledge Commission
n Water
n Sanitation
n Health
n Education
n Housing
n Nutrition
n Employment
EDUCATION
n Literacy
n Primary
n Secondary
n Vocational
n University
n Professional
n Research
n Continuous Learning
n Distance Learning
n Language
S&T
n Innovations
n Entrepreneurship
n IPRs and regulatory regimes
n Venture capital
n Trans and inter-disciplinarity

n India to become global destination for R&D


S&T
n Creation of new institutions, such as
• National Science Foundation
• National Social Science Foundation
• Center for Disease Control
n Modernization of existing institutions
• Bureau of Indian Standards
• Public Health Systems
• Government Data Collection
AGRICULTURE
n Information and knowledge flow to farmers
• Inputs
• Technologies
• Output prices and channels
• Weather
• Water
• Power
• Livestock
n Extension services for the above
n Information flow from farmers to markets
n Supply chains
AGRICULTURE
n New sources of earning
n Relate research to needs of farmers
• Dry-land cultivation
• Changing climate
n Value addition through development of
new technologies
n Financial services for farmers
• Credit
• Insurance
n Storage and transport
RURAL & SMEs
n Skill development
n Technologies
n Market access
n Inputs
n Access to credit

n Remove knowledge disparities


TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE
n Documentation, standardization,
validation, dissemination and utilization in
• Agriculture
• Medical and health care
• Art and culture

n Contemporary relevance
eGOVERNANCE
n For what?
• Reduce cost and improve reach and quality of
public services
• Reduce transaction costs and transaction time
• Increase transparency of government
functioning and empower citizens
• Reengineer processes to increase efficiency
and productivity
eGOVERNANCE
n How?
• Organization
• Standards
n People
n Land / Property
n Money flows
n Transactions
n Forms and functions
• Process, procedure and organizational change
identified at central, state and local
government levels
• Re-scaling and re-configuring existing
resources
• Supportive training
eGOVERNANCE
n Where?
• 20 Processes that affect average citizens, e.g.
n Below Poverty Line (BPL) Card
n Ration Card
n Birth and Death Certificates
n Pension
n Land Records
n Passports
n Voter ID Cards
• eLegal
• eHealth
• eLearning
eGOVERNANCE
n Integration of citizen identification
• Ration Cards (FCS)
• BPL Cards (State)
• Passports (MEA)
• PAN# (IT)
• MAPIN (SEBI)
• Voter IDs (EC)
• NSSN (RGI)
• Drivers License (State)
• Birth Certificates
ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES
TOPIC ACTION ITEMS OUTCOME MEASURE TIME-LINE GOVERNMENT
n AGRICULTURE / n Personnel, n Improved n Farmer n 3 Yrs n Agriculture
Extension training and channels for feedback
resources knowledge

n EDUCATION / n Include n Enlarged n Increase in n 10 Yrs n Education


Primary teaching opportunities number of
English as a for all English
language for speaking
all young people

n eGOVERNANCE n Standardize n Security and n Feedback n 5 Yrs n Civil Supplies


/ Ration Card and open entitlement for
access citizens
ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES
TOPIC ACTION ITEMS OUTCOME MEASURE TIME-LINE GOVERNMENT
n eGOVERNANCE n Harmonization n Convenience, n Cost reduction n 10 Yrs n Various
/ Integration of and equity and
Citizen coordination access for
Identification citizens

n S&T / Innovation n Create n Innovative n Increase n 3 Yrs n S&T


conducive products and opportunities
milieu and services
provide
incentives and
recognition

n TRADITIONAL n From n Economic n Growth n 3 Yrs n Various


KNOWLEDGE documentation opportunity
to utilization
ACTIONS - GENERAL
n Motivate, mobilize, support and encourage
existing and new knowledge initiatives at
various levels in the country
n Help build knowledge infrastructure and
institutions
n Focus on knowledge for
• Individual advancement
• National development
• Security
n Use knowledge to leverage new economic
opportunities from globalization
ACTIONS - GENERAL
n Link knowledge initiatives to expedite the
process of meeting basic human needs
n Encourage innovations and
entrepreneurship at all levels
n Use knowledge to fuel growth in
agriculture, manufacturing and services
n Restructure existing institutions to respond
to knowledge needs of tomorrow
n Create new institutions to respond to the
needs of tomorrow
ACTIONS - GENERAL
n Empower people and institutions to
participate in the knowledge economy
n Encourage knowledge sharing forums and
discussion groups in schools, colleges,
libraries, R&D institutions, youth groups,
etc.
n Institute district, state, and central awards
to recognize people for
• Innovations
• Entrepreneurship
• Education
• Health
PHASE 1
n Access
• Knowledge delivery
n Libraries
n Networks
n Education
• Primary
• Secondary
• University
n S&T
• Creation of new institutions
• Modernization of existing institutions
PHASE 1
n eGovernance
• 10 to 20 Processes that affect average citizens
n Agriculture
• Information and knowledge flow to farmers
• Relate research to needs of farmers
n Rural & SME
• Skill development
• Technologies
n Traditional Knowledge
• Documentation to Utilization
NEXT STEPS

n Start consultations

n Invite ideas and inputs

n Formulate action plan for October