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Pathloss Version-4.

0
Basic Operations

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Introductions to Pathloss V 4.0
Pathloss V 4.0 is a graphical planning tool that provides
support for microwave network planning

Planning is divided into two different categories :


Point-to-Point
Point-to-Multipoint

Pathloss V 4.0 is using two project database for the data:


Site (Call sign) Database and Link Database and other
database are relates to the equipment

Pathloss V 4.0 is also know as PL4.

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Operation of PL4 is divided into two parts

Configuration of PL4
Using of PL4 for Tx Planning

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Part-I

Configuration of PL4

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Configuration of PL4 is consist of Default
antenna heights, Geographical default,
Terrain database, Language, directories
for antenna and radio files Ect.

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Configuration of PL4 Step 1: Go to Configuration Tab

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Configuration of PL4 Step 2: Go to Antenna Configuration Tab

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Configuration of PL4 Step 3: In this window we can choose the
default Operating Mode.

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Configuration of PL4 Step 4: Go to Antenna Height Tab

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Configuration of PL4 Step 5: By using this step we can set the
default minimum and TR antenna Heights

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Configuration of PL4 Step 6: Go to Geographical Default Tab

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Configuration of PL4 Step 7: Using this we can Configure
Geographical default like Datum, Latitude and Longitude
Hemisphere ,Grid Coordinate system

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Configuration of PL4 Step 8: Go to Terrain Database Tab

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Configuration of PL4 Step 9: Using this option we can Configure
Terrain Database for the primary and secondary digital Maps.

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Configuration of PL4 Step 10: Choose GTopo30 Global 30 Sec
option from the list

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Configuration of PL4 Step 11: Click on Setup Primary

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Configuration of PL4 Step 12: Click on Set Directory

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Configuration of PL4 Step 13: Browse the folder containing
GTopo30 Maps and click “Ok”, then close the window appearing on
your screen, now finally click “Ok”

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Configuration of PL4 Step 14: Suppose you have SRTM maps and
you want to make it the primary terrain database then choose the
“SRTM” option from the list

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Configuration of PL4 Step 15: Click on Setup Primary

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Configuration of PL4 Step 16: Screen appears on screen

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Configuration of PL4 Step 17: Go to Files\BIL-HDR-BLW option

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Configuration of PL4 Step 18: Browse the path for the SRTM Files,
Select all the files and click “Open”

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Configuration of PL4 Step 19: On screen We can see all the SRTM
map details

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Configuration of PL4 Step 20: Close the Window, then click on
“Ok”. Thus the SRTM maps are set as our primary terrain database.

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Configuration of PL4 Step 21: similarly we can configure for

Edit K list
Language as preference
Fonts
Display Option
Directories for the Antenna and Radio for the particular project

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Part-II

Tx Planning Using PL4

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Tx Planning process Using PL4 is
divided in different modules
Summary
Terrain Data
Antenna Heights
Diffraction
Reflection
Multi-Path
Print Profile
Network
Map-Grid
Coverage
Notes

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Module1- Summary
In this Module we can see and change following details for a
particular Hop,

Near End and Far End Site Id


Call Sign
Location
Azimuths (Auto Calculated)
Path Length (Auto Calculated)
Frequency
EIRP (Auto Calculated)
Free-Space Losses (Auto Calculated)
Radio Model
Antenna Model
Antenna Height
Polarization
TX and RX Loss
Rx Signal

All the mentioned details can be find out in a single Snapshot i.e.
Summary
ADA Module
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Go to Modules and then summary Tab

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Module2- Network

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ork Module provides the geographic representation of the sites in the Ne

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module we can define the legends for the existing and new Sites as well as for li

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n network module we can check and edit the Site list and Link list

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tep2 : Go to the site list under site data top down menu.

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p3 : Under Edit we can add (or edit and delete) any single site.

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Step4: Site name ,call sign, Lat/long for a site can be fill up.

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Step5: After addition click ok to confirm the details

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Site is added in the site Database

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Step6 : Add 2nd site then ok .

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Step7 : After adding close the window(Ctrl+F4)

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Step 8: Draw a line from Near-End to Far-End site.

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n data represent the AMSL variation on the LOS.
Terrain data Module terrain profile can be generated by using SRTM data file or manually
ted AMSL at different -2 points on the LOS .
: Select the link for which you want to see the terrain view, then select the Terrain Module

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Step2 : Go to the Generate profile under Operation .

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n profile will generate with predefined distance increment (SRTM files must be s
nually collected AMSL at Different -2 points on the LOS.

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:Go to the Antenna Heights [under Optimize function PL4 celebrate the best pos
t of the Antenna at both the Antenna.]

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PL4 optimize the value of the Antenna at both the Ends

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tep4: Under Module select Print Profile

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Profile shows fresnel Zone clearance (required 100% for 1st zone and 60% for 2n
the obstacles which comes on the LOS.

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ork file saved as *.gr4 in a selected location which directly can be open .

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Under Map Grid Module ,by Adding Background file network
can superimpose over the Map which helps to trace the
location of the sites .

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Coverage Module shows the GSM signal strength with in a specified area
Depends upon clutter of the surrounding of the Site .It may be outdoor or i
Coverage Module is Optional in the PL4 .0

Diffraction basically predict the Knife edge Loss on the Top portion of the
objects comes on the LOS.

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Under Multi-path ,Tx signal follows more than one path to reach the far-end
antenna , may be in Phase(0 Deg) or
180 Deg out of phase . If it is on phase then Rx signal will be constrictive if
Tx out of phase than
It will be destructive (Signal looses its strength) .

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Gr4 network which already created can be open directly from its
specified
location by using file then open function. After doing modification on
the N/W this gr4 file can be saved by save function on file menu.

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in side File can be used to consolidate more then one gr4 network by selecting
n of the 2nd network.

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etwork can be export to the Map Info tab file by exporting Sites(mif) and Link(m

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Exit: Under file menu at the bottom EXIT is for to come out from
the entire Network.

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r print property we can directly take the printout of the current Network.

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Copy function is basically use to take the mirror image of the
Network

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Print setup is use to adjust the Orientation ,Paper size and the fonts
requirements
.

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Under page setup Margin ,Units( inches. millimeters) map scale and
orientation can be adjusted.

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dialog box is accessed from the Network menu bar and displays both the site an

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are defined in the Site List and link layers are defined in the Link list.
site and link layers are set in this dialog box.
ayer is always visible and is the default layer for the next site or link which is ad

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Site List uses a standard grid data entry display

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mport: A site list can be created by importing Pathloss data files, text files, and sit
nd links from a site database

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athloss Data File
mport - Pathloss File from the Site List menu bar. A Pathloss data file is imported
e link.

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xt File
ort - Text File from the Site List menu bar. Define the field numbers for the site n
atitude, longitude and elevation

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port from the Site Database
es and links can be imported from the site database.

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nfo Import
and Links can be imported in the MapInfo by Sites (mif) and link (mif) .

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:The mark site feature closes the site list and draws a 0.5 inch blue circle on the
s selected in the site list.

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es: This is used to identify the location of a site on a network with a large numbe

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ear we can do required changes on the site parameters like site name , Lat/ long

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Delete is used to delete the site from the site and link database.

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orm coordinate: This function will transform the site list coordinates from the def
ew datum.

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Report shows the total sites with there name along with Call Sign and
Lat/Long
,Elevation.

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This feature simplifies operations on a large network and automates
certain routine task such as path profile generation and equipment
data entry .

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Sub network operations

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lect Interference - Calculate Intra from the Network menu bar.

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tion Distance Interference is not calculated if the interfering path length is
han the specified coordination distance. Error log represent the error logged data
ivity. We will define the value of Margined), minimum default interference value

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Violation, site from which hop is emanating can be either high or low but it shou
for all the Far End and Far End should be opposite to the near end.

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the configure menu MW antenna codes , MW Radio codes should be attached.

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ary report shows all the parametric values at the time of calculation of interferen

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equency spot selection :Right click on the link next Worksheet .

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he Channel next Lookup now we can chose the proper spot and assign them .To
olation we can swap the HI LO ID.

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selection will be done by selecting the Antenna next go to the lookup and select
size. Depends upon the Hop Length.

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iles selection done by clicking the TR next go to the file and select the proper R
DH /PDH) depends upon the E1 capacity.

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ansmission line losses selection done by selecting the feeder .

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ain calculation done by click over the cloud .

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the proper Rain file depending upon the region .

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data and Geol-clim selection done on clicking the open space and next go to th

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fication, Probability dN/dh, Geoclimatic factor, water body selection all these don

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et : Select the work sheet next go to the Antenna next select the code index ch
ntenna .

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he proper antenna size by code index which depends on the Path Length.

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Transmission Lines loss will be mentioned hear.

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Depending upon the capacity(E1’s) chose the appropriate radio model.

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elect the proper rain file. Depending upon the region.

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ITU- K region file selected

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elect the path profile data by selecting the MW path.

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Geo Climatic factor select the Path classification ,Water body selection and proba

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the Ch select the proper frequency spot allocated to the customer .

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Report : Select the report next go to the Full report .

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Full Report. : All the Link Budgeting data will be come in this report..
Under Link Budgeting we will calculate the total losses and gains in
the link according to that we will adjust the parameters so that we
can achieve the Good Rx level and availability.

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Thank You

ADA cellworks Transmission Team

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