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Global

warming
Submitted by :-

DIPESH.K.AGRAWAL
1.INTRODUCTION :-
From The Stone Age to the modern era
man has come a long way. In his pursuit
of comforts of life he ignored the threat
of pollution and environmental
degradation caused by industrialization.
Global warming is not new as this
process occurs naturally and keeps the
Earth’s temperature about 50 degrees.
Fahrenheit warmer than it would be
otherwise. Without this natural cover,
Earth’s surface would be colder than it is
2.What is GREENHOUSE
EFFECT ?
Ø Gas in the atmosphere, such a water, carbon
dioxide, methane, CFCs and nitrous oxide,
absorb infrared light and would otherwise
escape to space, radiating it back towards the
planet’s surface.

Ø These gases are called ‘ greenhouse gases’


and they have a critical role in determining the
temperature of the Earth’s surface and the
living conditions on the planet.
3.Effect on Global Warming ?
i. Serve Changes in Weather :

ØEarth’s surface to a new high of 14.57 degree


centigrade.

Ø Rise in temperature was marked by unusually


severe weather in many parts of the world.

Ø The irony of this global warming is that while it


could reduce climatic changes by drying
up rains.

ØIt could also raise sea levels with disastrous


II.Impact on Arctic Ecosystem
:-
Ø The ecosystem which sustains the livelihood of
Arctic residents is melting the ice as temperature
rise.

ØThe layer of permafrost is melting, causing an


inland lake to drain into the ocean and killing fresh
KYOTO
PROTOCOL
iii.Kyoto Protocol :-
Ø A un- brokered treaty was signed by in 1997 in
Kyoto Japan. It was called the Kyoto Protocol.

Ø It commits the rich countries to binding cut in


their emission of greenhouse gases, such as carbon
dioxide.

ØThe developed countries agreed to cut their


emissions by a collective average of 5 percent
below their levels in 1990 by 2008-2012.

Ø Representative Climate Conference (COPC) in


iv.Erratic Rain :-

Ø People around the world will experience


climate changes and the erratic rainfall
China to Africa will jeopardize the lives of
many people.

Ø IT is now nearly a decade since the IPCC


accepted that human activates were
changing the world’s climate.

Ø The most severe warming is seen in the


v.More storms, foods, droughts,
submergence of islands :-

Ø Scientists have warned that a


warmer world will mean more storms,
floods, droughts, and snowfalls.

ØThe countries that have to suffer


most if the Hague talks fail are the
small countries. Islands in danger of
being submerged, from the Pacific to
the Caribbean are panicky. The lives of
vi.Ozone Getting Depleted :-

Ø Pollution from transport is the fastest growing


source of carbon dioxide emissions since the
industrial revolutions

Ø Carbon emission levels responsible for 70


percent of global warming vary widely among
nations.

Ø Due to these emissions the ozone layer that


provides a protective shield over the Earth from the
harmful ultravoilent radiation is getting depleted.

RESULT OF THIS, VERY HOT WEATHER LIKE


THE SAME IN DESERT REGION OR MORE THAN
vii.Major Climate Change :-

Ø If we do not act to reduce the emission of


these heat- trapping gases, it is predicted that
global temperature could rise 2 degree to
6degree Fahrenheit in the next 100 yrs. Just a
few degree difference in the global average
temperature can mean a major climate
change.

Ø The amt o greenhouse gases that are


released could be controlled through prudent
planning and implementation of environmental
priorities. Man has to act now to insure against