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PRESENTED BY: Geetu 117503

Trade Union means a combination formed for the purpose of regulating the relations not only between workmen and employers but also between workmen and workmen or between employers and employers Trade unions are organizations that represent people at work. Their purpose is to protect and improve people's pay and conditions of employment. They also campaign for laws and policies which will benefit working people.

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All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP) Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU) Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU) National Labor Organization (NLO) Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC) United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) and United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)

Wages salaries Working conditions Discipline Personnel policies Welfare Employee-employer relation Negotiating machinery Safeguarding organizational health and interest of the industry

MILITANT FUNCTIONS. FRATERNAL FUNCTIONS. Militant Functions

To achieve higher wages and better working conditions To raise the status of workers as a part of industry To protect labors against victimization and injustice

Fraternal Functions

To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers To generate self confidence among workers To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers To provide opportunities for promotion and growth To protect women workers against discrimination

A strike is a very powerful weapon used by trade unions and other labor associations to get their demands accepted. It generally involves quitting of work by a group of workers for the purpose of bringing the pressure on their employer so that their demands get accepted. When workers collectively cease to work in a particular industry, they are said to be on strike.

A lockout is a work stoppage in which an employer prevents employees from working. It is declared by employers to put pressure on their workers. This is different from a strike, in which employees refuse to work. Thus, a lockout is employers weapon while a strike is raised on part of employees.

Hero Honda Motors Limited, based in Delhi, India is a joint venture between the Hero Group of India and Honda of Japan. It has been referred to as the world's biggest manufacturer of 2 wheeler vehicles. It has three manufacturing units based at Gurgaon and at Haridwar . These plants together are capable of manufacturing 3.9 million bikes per year. Production of the plant, which has a capacity of about 6,000 units per day. There are about 1,200 permanent workers, while 4,000 are on contract .

Place : Hero Honda Gurgaon Plant Strike Duration : 10 April 2006 - 14th April 2006 No. of workers involved: 4000 casual workers Demands: Wage hike, extra casual leave and medical benefits at par with the permanent workers. Financial Loss: Loss of Rs.100 crore .

Around 4000 contract workers of Hero Honda's Gurgaon Plant (owned by Pawan Munjal ) were denied regularization for the last 7 to 8 years. A contractual Hero Honda worker is paid between Rs. 4000-6700 per month as against Rs. 40,000, the salary of a permanent worker performing the same job. Rs 10 is deducted daily for food and tea only from the casual workers' salary. Contractual workers recruited not only get low wages but also do not receive any pay slip or cards. The casual helper at the plant gets a meager Rs. 2000-2500 at the end of the month. The management and the contractors are equally involved in the exploitation of the contract worker.

On 14th April, a tripartite meeting was held between Haryana's additional labour commissioner, management and worker representatives and they agreed for a settlement, under which some demands were met. It was an important victory for the contract workers, who are otherwise forced to live in miserable conditions.

The agreement included : 30% hike in salary Two days of casual leave every month and Medical benefits in accordance with the company rules, Issuing identity cards ATM cards Opening bank accounts for the casual workers.

Production at the plant, which makes about 6,000 bikes a day at Gurgaon was paralyzed. It lead to the loss of Rs. 100 crore to the company. It severely impacted the industrial environment in the state and hence it was a concern for all industry.

Issues between the management and workers should be resolved beforehand. There should be a good communication link between the worker and the management. Management should not suppress or violate the rights of the worker.

Thank you