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Packaged Water Treatment Plant for Mineral Water

Ankush Bhandari (13MT03ENV003)

Introduction BIS
Packaged Drinking Water Definition Manufacturing Process Requirements of Water Plant test Facilities Packing Facilities Hygienic Conditions

Case Study 1 Case Study 2

Need Containers
Jars Bottles Cups Pouches

Packaged Drinking Water Definition

Natural mineral water filled into hermetically sealed containers of various compositions, forms and capacities that is, suitable for direct consumption without further treatment.

Manufacturing Process
Raw Water Raw Water Storage Tank Raw Water Feed Pump dosing system 1 & 2 Pressure Sand Filter Activated Carbon Filter Micron Cartridge Filter High Pressure Pump Reverse Osmosis Ozone generator and re circulation Finished Water Storage U.V System Filling and Packing Visual Examination Storage for testing Forwarding

Physical Parameters
EVERY HOUR TESTS Sr. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Characteristics Colour (tcu) Odor Taste Turbidity (NTU) TDS pH Requirements 2 Agreeable Agreeable 2 150 to 700 6.5 to 8.5


FOUR HOURLY TEST Sr. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. Characteristics Nitrate (mg/l) Nitrite (mg/l) Sulphide (mg/l) Manganese (mg/l) Requirement 50 0.02 0.05 2


Copper (mg/l)
Zinc (mg/l)


8. 9. 10.

Fluoride (mg/l)
Barium (mg/l) Antimony (mg/l) Borate (mg/l)

1 0.005 5

FOUR HOURLY TEST Sr. No. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. Characteristics Silver (mg/l) Chloride (mg/l) Sulphate (mg/l) Magnesium (mg/l) Calcium (mg/l) Sodium (mg/l) Alkalinity (mg/l) Selenium (mg/l) Mineral Oil (mg/l) Phenolic Compounds Anionic Surface Active Agents Requirement 0.01 200 200 50 100 150 75 to 400 0.05 Absent Absent Not Detectable


Parameters Concerning Toxic Substances


Sr. No.
1. 2. 3.

Arsenic (mg/l) Cadmium (mg/l) Cyanide (mg/l)

0.05 0.003 Absent

5. 6. 7.

Chromium (mg/l)
Mercury (mg/l) Lead (mg/l) Nickel (mg/l)

0.001 0.01 0.02


Polychlorinated Biphenyle
Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons

Not detectable
Not detectable

Parameters Concerning Radio Active Residues

TWO YEARLY Sr. No. 1. 2. Characteristics Alpha Emitters (Bq/L) Beta Emitters (Bq/L) Limit 0.1 1


Plant Test Facilities

Sr.No Parameter 1. Colour Test Platinum Cobalt Method

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.


Turbidity Meters

Total dissolved Glass Fibre filter, Membrane filter solids pH Barium Copper Iron Manganese Nitrate pH Meter Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer Atomic Absorption Method, Neocuproine Method Phenanthroline Method, Atomic Absorption Method Nesslers Tubes Cadmium Reduction Method, Chromotropic Acid Method



Spectrophotometer, Nesslers cylinders method

Zincon Method, Differential Pulse Anodic Stripping Voltammetry Method

Sr.No Parameter 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Alkalinity Calcium Magnesium Sodium Residual Free Chlorine Arsenic LEAD Chloride Aluminium

Test Indicator Method, Potentiometric Method EDTA Titrimetric Method, Permanganate Titration Method Gravimetric Method, Volumetric Method Flame Emission Photometric Method Iodometric Method, Stabilized Neutral Ortho-Toluidine Method Atomic absorption method Atomic absorption method Argentometric Method, Mercuric Nitrate Method Eriochrome Cyanine R Method

Microbiological Tests
Sr.No Parameter 1.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Coliform Sulphite reducing anaerobes Pseudomonas aeruginosa Aerobic microbial count Yeast and mould

Packing Facilities
Material PVC, PE, PET Appearance - Free from any visual defects like cavities, flaws, stains. Tests
Environmental Stress Crack Resistance Test. Transparency Leakage Test Drop Test Water Potability Test
IS 15410 (2003)

Indication of the source of manufacture and trade-mark Recycling symbol BIS certification marking Packing slip includes
Nominal capacity Batch no.

IS 15410 (2003)

Hygienic Conditions
Extraction or Collection Materials Transport of Water Location Floors, Walls, Ceilings, Windows, Doors, Stairs Cleaning and Disinfection Storage and Disposal of waste Personal Cleanliness

Case Study 1
Objective Method of Treatment Methodology Results Reference

Quantitative assessment of water consumption for manufacturing packaged drinking water at Rail Neer Plant Water treatment plant unit located at Rail Neer Plant,Nangloi,New-Delhi Capacity of treatment plant-72000 l/day

Method of Treatment

Chlorination Activated Carbon Filtration Pesticide Treatment Unit Softener Cooling Tower Ultra filtration Reverse Osmosis Unit Marble Chip Filtration Unit Filler PET Bottle and Cap Washing

This shows that to manufacture 1 l of Rail Neer packaged drinking water approximately 1.64 l of water is required.

ReferenceJournal of Scientific and Industrial Research Vol 66,March 2007,pp 227230

Case Study 2

IS 13428 (2005): Packaged Natural Mineral Water IS 14543 (2004): Packaged Drinking Water IS 15410 (2003): Containers for Packaging of Natural Mineral Water and Packaged Drinking Water Manual for Packaged Drinking Water Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research Vol 66, March 2007, pp 227-230