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A TRAINING seminar ON HMT TRACTORS

HINDUSTAN MACHINE TOOLS LTD., PINJORE


PRESENTED BY: SUNIL PANDAY 10ESGME038

Summer training at H.M.T. in tractor manufacturing plant. In the period of 3 June 2013 to 13 July 2013. Summer training under the guidance of Mr. sunil sharma (D.G.M. training centre) .

WHAT IS H.M.T. :
HINDUSTAN MACHINE TOOLS LTD.

WHICH WAS INCORPORATED IN 1953 BY THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AS A MACHINE TOOL MANUFACTURING COMPANY.
OVER THE YEARS DIVERSIFIED INTO WATCHES, TRACTORS, PRINTING MACHINERY, METAL FORMING PRESSES, DIE CASTING & PLASTIC PROCESSING MACHINERY, CNC SYSTEMS & BEARINGS.

HMT IS HEADQUARTERED AT BENGALURU ( BANGALORE ).

PRODUCTS OF H.M.T.

STRUCTURE OF H.M.T.
HMT LIMITED, WITH A DIVERSE RANGE OF PRODUCTS, OVER 18 MANUFACTU RING UNITS AND A COUNTRYWIDE WELL ESTABLISHED MARKETING NETWORK RESTRUCTURED ITS VARIOUS BUSINESSES INTO DIFFERENT SUBSIDIARIES UNDER THE AMBIT OF A HOLDING COMPANY. THE CONSTITUENT SUBSIDIARIES OF HMT LIMITED ARE AS BELOW WHILE THE HOLDING COMPANY RETAINS THE TRACTORS BUSINESS GROUP.

S.No Name of Subsidiary 1 2 3 HMT Machine Tools Limited HMT Watches Limited

% Holding 100 100

HMT Chinar Watches Limited 100

4
5 6

HMT International Limited


HMT Bearings Limited Praga Tools Limited

100
97.25 51.00

The Holding Company with its Corporate Head Quarters at Bangalore forms the hub for the activities of the different subsidiaries.

CORPORATE PROFILE OF H.M.T. LIMITED

CORPORATE STRENGTH OF H.M.T.

H.M.T. MANUFACTURING UNIT LOCATION

MARKETING NETWORK

FINANCIAL SUMMARY OF H.M.T. LIMITED

HMTs TRACTORS BUSINESS HMTs Tractor business commenced its operations in 1971 in technical collaboration with M/s MOTOKOV, Czechoslovakia Republic. Initially, HMT started the operation with the manufacture of 25 HP Tractor at the manufacturing plant established in Pinjore, Haryana State. Over the years, it has developed Tractors ranging from 25 HP to 75 HP. The company achieved market leadership in tractors by enlarging its range to cover most of the applications for the farming community. Currently the company has three tractor manufacturing units in India located at Pinjore in Haryana, Mohali in Punjab and Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. It has a well equipped R&D Center duly recognized by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research , the Government of India.

WELCOME TO H. M.T. PINJORE LIMITED

HMT PINJORE
October 23rd, 1963 is the establishment day of HMT Pinjore.

Prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru inaugurated the 3rd unit of HMT factory at Pinjore.
Situated 22 kms away from Chandigarh on the national highway linking Shimla & Delhi.

The factory is spread over an area of approx. 850 acres.


it houses township, schools, banks and clubs for all round community welfare.

H.M.T. pinjore is divided into two section:

Machine tools

Tractor division

TRACTOR:
A tractor is a vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction. Most commonly, the term is used to describe a farm vehicle that provides the power and traction to mechanize agricultural tasks, especially (and originally) tillage but nowadays a great variety of tasks.

MAIN PARTS OF A TRACTOR:


Engine Fan

Gear Box
Wheel Steering Brakes Radiator Measuring Meter Starter

Oil Tank
Oil Pump Hydraulic Lift Oil Filter Battery Alternator Exhaust Pipe

HMT PINJORE TRAINING CENTRE


Turning shop
Milling shop Fitting shop

Tractor shop

WORKSHOPS AT H.M.T :
Foundry shop

Heavy machine shop


Light machine shop Tool room Heat treatment

Engine shop
Engine assembly and testing Tractor assembly and testing

FOUNDRY SHOP
A Foundry is a factory that produces metal casting. Metals are made to melt into liquid . liquid metal is poured in the mould. and removing the

mold material or casting after the metal has solidified as it cools. In this
process, parts of desired shapes and sizes can be formed.

PROCESS FOLLOWED IN H.M.T. FOUNDRY SHOP:


Melting

Degasing
Mold making Pouring Shaking

Die casting
Surface cleaning finishing

Melting

Pouring

Heavy machine shop


Heavy parts of tractor are machined in this shop. The
entire machines used for heavy machine shop are SPM. It

increase the rate of production and give less fatigue to


labor.

Mainly forms..
Gear box housing. Main transmission housing

Different operation used


Milling Boring Drilling Tapping Slotting
GEAR BOX HOUSING

MT HOUSING

PROCESS USED FOR MAKING GEAR BOX HOUSING:


Marking the gear box housing

Bottom Milling
Drill the location hole on the gear box housing Top Milling Front and Rear Cover

Left And Right Milling


Left And Right Milling Slot milling

CONTINUED :
BORING

Pre Boring of Steering Bore


Heavy Duty Drilling Bottom Milling Housing TAPPING

Drill for Clutch and Pedal


Final bores on the all bores Washing Inspection

Light machine shop


The small part of the tractor are machined in this shop as speed

gear, sun and planet gear PTO shaft clutch shaft etc.

Two section of LMS


Auto shop Machining takes place Tool room Making of jig & fixtures

PARTS Manufactured AT LMS

Spline shaft

Sun and planet gears


Spline cutter

TOOL ROOM

TOOL ROOM
ITS BACKBONE OF ANY MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY MAINTAINS ALL THE TOOLS IN THE COMPANY PRODUCE JIGS AND FIXTURE MAKE TOOLS FOR DIFFERERNT MACHINES

ALL CRITICAL AND HIGH PRECISION WORK IS DONE IN CONTROLLED ATMOSPHERE OF 20C
LOTS OF MACHINE ARE INSTALLED IN TOOL ROOM

JIG BORING MACHINE

MIKROMAT GERMANY JIG BORING MACHINE

HMT HEAT TREATMENT SHOP

HMT HEAT TREATMENT SHOP:

HT is done to obtain desired properties in steel. All components (manufactured in LMS) after undergoing machining operation are subjected to heat treatment.

HEAT TREATMENT AT HMT:


Hardening Quenching Annealing Tempering Normalizing Carburizing

HARDENING:
Hardening is performed on the various metals and its alloys to provide them with strength and wear resistance. It is accomplished by heating the component above its hardening temperature and quenching it in water. For medium carbon steel and high carbon steel temperature= 840C- 850C For other temperature= 770C 820 C

HT OF GEARS
GEARS ARE CASE HARDENED. HT IS DONE TO PREVENT RUNOFF

INDUCTION HEATING OF GEAR

SEALED QUENCHED FURNACE(SQF)

WASHING ZONE :

ENGINE SHOP

PARTS MANUFACTURED IN ENGINE SHOP FRONT COVER

FRONT COVER

REAR COVER
CAM SHAFT
CAM SAFT

CONNECTING ROD CRANCK CASE

CYLINDER HEAD
CONNECTING ROD

CYLINDER HEAD

CRANCK CASE

Engine shop
In engine shop mainly cylinder head , cam shaft connecting rod , crank case is forms . The casting from the foundry is machined in this shop . Here we use GPM such as coping machine in case of cam shaft.

Several operations are performed on the casting.


Milling
Drilling Boring Finishing

Cam shaft
Connecting rod

Crank case

Cylinder head

ENGINE ASSEMBLY

ENGINE ASSEMBLY :

CRANKSHAFT PRE ASSY PISTON PRE ASSY CRANKSHAFT ASSY

LUBRICATION PUMP
& PUNCHING

GEAR FITTING
PISTON MOUNTING LUBRICATION PUMP ASSY

Cam Shaft

Lubrication oil Pump

Cylinder Head

Front & Rear Cover

Flywheel

ENGINE TESTING : RPM testing Torque testing Load testing Nut bolt fitting Oil filter testing Valve timing testing

IN ENGINE TESTING WE NOTE DOWN FOLLOWING DATA :


Speed (R.P.M.) Fuel consumption capacity Engine Lubrication Oil pressure Water outlet temperature Torque Lubricating oil temp.

Smoke reading with the help of Bosch smoke meter

TRACTOR ASSEMBLY SHOP


This shop is main shop of tractor division , because all the parts of the tractor is assembled in this shop . After doing sub assembly of parts they are sent to paint shop. ASSEMBLY TAKES PLACE IN FOLLOWING PHASES Differential housing assembly Gear box assembly

Main assembly line


Painting phase

Gear Box Assembly

Clutch Assembly

MT Housing Assembly

Mechanical brake assembly

Gear shifting assembly

Portal/ Direct axle assembly

Lift Mounting

Engine mounting

Tractor Assembly Steps

Front Axle Mounting

Steering Assembly

Hydraulic Brake Mounting

Washing , Drying , Painting

Greasing

Air Cleaner ,Radiator

Fuel Tank Mounting

Tyre Mounting

Electric Instrument Mounting

TRACTOR ASSEMBLED

VARIOUS MODELS OF HMT TRACTORS

HMT 3522

HMT 2522

HMT 4022

HMT 4922

HMTS PEAK POWER TRACTORS

HMT 6522

HMT 7522

QUERIES

THANK YOU FOR YOUR VALUABLE TIME!!!