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Prepared By

Iqbal Hussain M.Usman M.Asif


MSBAII NUML

Iqbal Hussain 13 years teaching experience As science and math teacher

What does the public infrastructure of the Internet mean to our business operations? (Iqbal Hussain) Are we leveraging this infrastructure to maximum advantage? (M. Usman) What are proprietary 0f technologies? How dependent are we still on proprietary technologies? (M. Asif)

Infrastructure: Infrastructure is basic physical and organizational structures needed for the operation of a society or enterprise. or The services and facilities necessary for an economy to function. It can be generally defined as the set of interconnected structural elements that provide framework supporting an entire structure of development.

Hard infrastructure refers to the large physical networks necessary for the functioning of a modern industrial nation, whereas Soft infrastructure refers to all the institutions which are required to maintain the economic, health, and cultural and social standards of a country

Financial system Education system Health care system System of government Law enforcement Emergency services

Transport infrastructure Energy infrastructure Water management infrastructure Solid waste management Earth monitoring and measurement networks Communications infrastructure

Governance infrastructure Economic infrastructure Social infrastructure Cultural, sports and recreational infrastructure

All basic building blocks and tools required for incorporation of any internet system, control internet operation and create environment of internet system learning. Such as Hard ware tools (wired, fiber optic and microwave links, Routing equipment) Software tools (Domain Name System (DNS), Email, website hosting, authentication and authorization, storage systems, and database servers)

If all above mentioned resources of internet managed by Govt. to facilitate nation and economy to connect worldwide then it is called public infrastructure of internet. Types of Infrastructure of internet Internal Infrastructure of internet External Infrastructure of internet

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Chamber of Commerce Stock of Exchange Multinational Business

M.Usman MSBA II NUML FSD

The Internet gives every seller an opportunity to advertise their wares no matter their size or location. It also gives the stocking seller the opportunity to have direct access to the buyer with out going through profit taking middle men. Brokers, the grey market, have used the information they collect as their bargaining tools and their mode for gaining profit. The biggest benefit would be that you would have a much larger audience to sell your products or services to where if you just had a brick & mortar business you would only be selling to the local community.

Provide a low-cost way to connect virtually everyone on the same network, offers new possibilities for addressing business computing needs. Determines a companys differentiating capabilities; effective infrastructure enhances those capabilities, while ineffective infrastructure destroy them. In most large organizations, people in different locations need access to the same data. Until recently, organizations had to keep copies of the same data in many places. But keeping the data synchronized was difficult and frequently did not happen.

Improved Process Visibility. Improved Process Efficiency. The Internet provides a universal and easy-touse set of technologies and standards that can be adopted by all organizations It is the largest information superhighway in the world. Reduces organizational transaction and agency costs Increases communication

Provides access to increased information. reduces the cost of creating, sending, and storing information reduces search costs enables companies to collect and analyze more detailed and accurate information about their customers It can help companies create and capture profits in new ways It also provides the foundation for new products and services.

To help oversee and coordinate the activities of the sales force. Intranets keep employees informed of company issues and policies. Intranets provide an online, integrated view of financial and accounting information in an easy-to-use format. Intranets integrate complex information. improve the chain processes.

thank

M.Asif MSBA II NUML FSD

Proprietary technologies are any types of systems, tools, or technical processes that are developed by and for a specific business entity. Proprietary technologies are confidential concepts, formulas , software codes , technical information , specific process and tools that provide competitive advantage to a firm and is usually protected under the law against unauthorized disclosure, misuse or stealing.

if a business develops a specific formula for a cleaning agent that uses ingredients not used by similar products, there is a good chance that new cleaner would allow the business to capture additional market share, based on the uniqueness of the formula. Since the formula uses ingredients that are unique in the industry, it would be possible to patent the formula and thus hold proprietary right to the use of that formula.

the ideas developed and submitted by employees are usually considered the intellectual property of the employer, thus allowing them to qualify as proprietary technology.

We are dependent on patents and proprietary technology, both our own and those licensed from others. If we or our licensors fail to adequately protect this intellectual property or if we otherwise do not have exclusivity for the marketing of our products, our ability to commercialize products could suffer Our ability to compete is dependent in part upon our proprietary technology. We rely on a combination of patents, trade secrets, copyright and trademark laws, nondisclosure and other contractual agreements, and technical measures to protect our proprietary rights