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5. OXYGEN BOMB CALORIMETER (EXPERIMENT NO.

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OBJECTIVES:

a) To know the different heats of combustion of different organic compounds. b) To know the different parts of a bomb calorimeter. c) To be familiar with the standard procedure of operation of a bomb calorimeter.

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THEORY / HYPOTHESIS:

The heats evolved in the complete combustion of many organic compounds in oxygen have been carefully determined. The method ordinarily used is to burn the substance in a combustion bomb and to measure the heat volume, the experimentally measured DE's are converted and corrected to DH. The term heat combustion refers to the amount of heat liberated per mole of substance burned.

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THEORY / HYPOTHESIS: (CONT..)

Heats of combustion may be employed directly to calculate heats of formation of organic compounds. If the organic compounds contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, the supplementary information required is the heats of formation of carbon dioxide and liquid water, the usual final oxidation products of such compounds.

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THEORY / HYPOTHESIS: (CONT..)

A bomb calorimeter is an instrument for measuring the heat of combustion of a substance in which the heat liberated when the sample is ignited in an atmosphere, that is of oxygen under pressure, is measured. It is used to obtain precise thermochemical data.

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THEORY / HYPOTHESIS: (CONT..)

The primary equipment used in this experiment is the bomb calorimeter which is made up of a bomb where the sample is ignited, the bucket where definite volume of water is placed and the electronic system which measures the heat of combustion of the substance burned.

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LIST OF APPARATUS:

Oxygen Bomb Calorimeter

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LIST OF APPARATUS:

Oxygen Bomb Calorimeter

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SET-UP OF APPARATUS:

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PROCEDURE:

1) Pelletized about 0.5 to 1 g of sample using the pelletizer and place it inside the sample holder. 2) Measure exactly 10 cm of the fuse wire. Lock it in its place in the bomb electrode forming a loop at its center and its tip touching the sample. 3) Place the cover of the bomb. Be sure to tighten its cover. 4) Fill the bomb with oxygen by connecting the oxygen hose and push the oxygen button.

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PROCEDURE: (CONT..)

5) Using the lifting handle, lower the bomb in the water, push the two ignition lead wires into the terminal sockets. 6) Lower the bomb completely into water with its feet spanning the circular boss in the bottom of the bucket. Carefully check for leak. 7) Press start. Input the sample ID, the bomb number and weight of the sample. 8) Wait for the first beeping sound and move away from the calorimeter.
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PROCEDURE: (CONT..)

9) At the second beeping sound, record the heat of combustion and press done. 10) Open the cover and remove the bomb and the bucket. Remove the knob from the bucket and open the knurled valve. Knob as the bomb had to release the residual pressure. 11) After all the pressure has been released, examine for unburned fuse wire. 12) Straightened the wire and measure its length. Convert this length calories and subtract this from the reading obtained.
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DATA AND RESULTS:

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SAMPLE COMPUTATION: QUESTIONS:

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ANSWERS:

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10. DISCUSSION: 11. CONCLUSION / RECOMMENDATION:

12. REFERENCES:

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END

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