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JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA

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JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA

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INTRODUCTION

Jawahar Kala Kendra is an arts and crafts centre located in the city of Jaipur. The centre is important not because of the nomenclature but its close association with the city of Jaipur itself. The centre was conceptualized by Charles Correa in the year 1986 and the construction completed in 1991. The centre was launched by the state government to provide space to the cultural and spiritual values of India and display the rich craft heritage. The centre is dedicated to the late prime minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.

JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA

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CONCEPT
The centre is an analogue of the original city plan of Jaipur drawn up by the Maharaja Jai Singh the Second, in the mid-17th century. His city plan was based on the ancient Vedic mandala of nine squares or houses which represent the nine planets. Due to the presence of a hill one of the squares was transposed to the east and two of the squares were amalgamated to house the palace.

Navgraha Yantra

Conceptualization of Jaipur based on Navgraha Yantra

Plan Of Jaipur

JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA


Correa's plan for the Kendra invokes directly the original navagraha or nine house mandala. One of the squares is pivoted to recall the original city plan and also to create the entrance. The squares is defined by 8m high wall, symbolic of the fortification wall along the Jaipur old city.

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JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA

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MUSEUM/GALLERY LEARNING SPACE ADMINISTRATION RECREATIONAL SPACE

ZONING
The building program has been divided into nine spaces which represent their corresponding planet. For instance, the library is located in the square of the planet Mercury which traditionally represents knowledge. The theatres are in the house of Venus, representing the arts. The central square, as specified in the Vedic Shastras, is a void: representing the Nothing which is Everything. The flooring pattern in this square is a diagram of the lotus representing the sun. City Palace, Jaipur. The astrological symbol of each planet is directly expressed in a cut-out opening dong its external wall.

JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA

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KETU

SECTION AA BUDH

CHANDRA

Indian Grahas Ravi Chandra Kuja Budha


MANGAL

Western Names Sun Moon Mars Mercury Jupiter Venus

SANI

Guru Sukra

Sani Rahu
RAHU GURU SHUKRA

Saturn Dragon's Head Dragon's Tail

Ketu

JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA


INTERNAL CIRCULATION

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EXTERNAL CIRCULATION

MOST ACTIVE LESS ACTIVE

Grid iron planning Central Courtyard Inward Looking Two Main Axes

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VOLUMETRIC MODEL

EACH MODULE = 30x30x8 M

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CLIMATE RESPONSE
The climate of Jaipur is hot and semi-arid. The architect has dealt with this by having a courtyard such that it draws in air from all sides. The openings in the walls are small thus leading to venturi effect. Use of pergolas to provide shade.

JAWAHAR KALA KENDRA


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The external walls are clad with red Agra sandstone topped by a coping of beige Dholpur sandstone. On these surfaces, the presence of each planet is expressed by its traditional symbol inlaid in white marble with polish black granite and mica slate.

MATERIAL PALETTE

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INFERENCES
The buildings in a contemporary metaphorical replication of the basic plan of the city of Jaipur, based on the vastu pursh mandala. The architect in his attempt to create a brand image for the historical city, has tried to get the essence of the existing form but superficially . The over all circulation lacks of continued covered corridor, which makes the place unusable during summers and rains. The open air theatre is enclosed by the high walls which possibly create acoustic and ventilation problems when there is a large crowd. The high walls with no fenestration in the faade makes the building enclosed and it does not open up to the city. Within the building the activities are disintegrated but combine to a heterogeneous mixture of various cultural activities happening individually.