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colour experience

represents colour properties & attributes visual properties to objects

THE EVIDENTIAL STATUS OF COLOUR VISION


visual experience is evidential in these ways

Object knowledge trich: state of empirical certainty, skeptical doubt may exist but only in an expansive way. Colour knowledge (Jonston1992, Hellie2005) Higher than empirical certainty. Introspection (cartesian certainty), as she need not that the object actually is the colour it seems to be or even that the object is a fruit or that the fruit exists. Innate representational scheme of colours/quasi analytic Unexperienced colours Even chromatically deprived people were capable of raising up (Hume) Knowledge about colours that one has never encountered must be a priori (Crane & Pinatanida1983) Object appearance knowledge That looks orange. Lack of empirical certainty but there is cartesian certainty. Since one cannot have Cartesian certainty of what objects looks like even after viewing them, the source of ones certainty regarding the colour orange must be different.

SECONDARY QUALITY THEORIES OF COLOUR


response dependant theories

Dispositionalism Disposition in things to evoke in normal perceivers a certain type of sensation in normal circumstances. Trichs experience fails to give her empirical certianty about experiences of others. Too great a gap b/w sensation and colour Relationalism (Brian Mclaughlin 2003 & Jonathan Cohen 2004) Intuitive weakness

PRIMARY-QUALITY THEORIES OF COLOUR


Byrne and Hilbert 2003, Mausfeld (this volume)

Light of 600nm : orange. Orange experience is 600nm??? Can trich be certain in virtue of her own experience that the productances are related by these relations of relative similarity?? Red is similar to violet , since both are reddish, than either is to saturated green. Yet as far as wavelengths, green is in between red and violet.

A PROJECTIVE SEMANTICS FOR COLOUR EXPERIENCE


Colour experience and denotation (Matthen 2005) It is a matter of historical and genetic happenstance that this kind of experience rather than some other kind is used to pass messages about this particular colour property. The experience is a label or maker. Pairing of visual experiences and object is arbitary. Colour experience and sense/making meaning Mind-world relationship, Outbound relation b/w symbol and denotation It is possible to grasp the sense of a symbol without being able to identify its referrant.

Projective symbols Red projective: using a property of the symbol to refer to the object it denotes. Knowledge of empirical information and the denotational system are required. Projective symbols and colour experience Knowledge of denotative scheme is innate. In any compositional language, there is a possibilty of impossible compounds squarecircle.

DEFINING COLOUR SIMILARITY


Colour experiences are experiences of colour Coloursimilarity experience is experience of their similarity It is an experience that tracks similarity. Colour experience distorts physical spectrum and metamerism. Similarity relations are substrate to Conditioning To say that two colours are similar to one another when they are so experienced gives us no idea what the content of the experience is. As such , it leaves open that colour similarity is an isolated phenomenon that has nothing to do with extra experiential realm. Experiential similarity, Similarity for conditioning TO EXPERIENCE TWO THINGS AS SIMILAR IS TO EXPERIENCE THEN AS SHARING OTHER PROPERTIES AS WELL.

PLURALISTIC REALISM
Secondary colour similarities (SCS) (Relationalism, Dispositionalism) Real world realisation (productances), of the organisms similarity relations. Primary colour similarity (PCS) Similarity for conditioning defines colour similarity from an organisms point of view. PLURALISTIC REALISM :PCS & SCS varies across species THIS POSITION ALLOWS THAT COLOUR IS REALISED IN DIFFERENT WAYS IN DIFFERENT ORGANISMS

SIMILARITY SPACE AND COLOUR KNOWLEDGE


A similarity space is graphical representation of comparative similarity relations on same domain. Points in space are colours or productances. When a place in the colour similarity space is found coinstantiated with another sensory feature, a conditioning link is established. Naom Chomsky: Deep syntactic structure of language is innate. Similarity of conditioning is unconditioned and hence innate. Colour matching & Unique colour disagreement In one perceiver the colour is denoted by the experience that occupies a one position in the colour similarity space, in the other , it is denoted by experience that occupies another.

Offering Semantic relations --------Similarity relations Argument Perceptual relations----innate Similarity relations are dynamic

relation b/w colour experience and colour is sematic

Semantics relation between signifiers, such as words, phrases, signs and symbols, and what they stand for