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To a promising student, who, while I'm not sure what he actually promises, will certainly produce something worth-while

for those whom he touches

1905-1967

Less formal schooling Role of parents in initial education was high Undergrad in Mathematics and Physics Interest was in social problems Masters in Educational Sociology Labor relations and sociology Advance Professional Degree in Education PhD in Psychology Speech and reading disabilities.

Classes

on speech Taught government in Americanization class Worked as Aeronautical engineer Teaching Physiological Psychology Moved to Clinical Psychology
WW II, Aviation psychologist in navy
Post

war, worked in academics

Human Reality

Behavior

Reality or peoples perception of reality

is interpreted/ explained differently by different people


Concept of personal construct

Personal

Construct

Compare and Contract Same Context

Every Scientist is also a person His/her findings can also be looked from different

perspective

Universe

is changing so can our thoughts

change
All of our present interpretations of the universe

are subject to revision or replacement"


We

keep updating our constructs with time / experience

Based

on one Basic Assumption and 11 supporting corollaries Basic Assumption "a persons processes are psychologically

channelized by the ways in which [that person] anticipates events


Not

concerned with needs, motives , drives of individual Channelising based on anticipation

Construction-

Repeated event may lead us to anticipate more about our action in the future Individuality- Each individual would interpret the even in different ways Organization- Interrelationship within constructs
Hierarchy- subordinate constructs

Dichotomy-

All constructs have to be

bipolar Choice- We have choice for the part of construct we use e.g. easy vs. hard course Range- Some relevant to more situation while others may be for only some /one Experience- We test them against experience to keep them useful

Modulation-

Based on experience we may modify construct


Permeability

Fragmentation-

Contradictory constructs in one superordinate construct Commonality- Some constructs may be common for people from same culture Sociality- We try to understand constructs of other also

Anxiety-

"caught with your constructs

down. Threat/Fear- Anticipated change in construction which is very important Guilt- Your action not in sync with your constructs Aggression/Assertiveness- Try to match reality with my constructs May lead to Hostility

Primary

Assessment Technique- Interview Self-Characterization Sketches


"I want you to write a character sketch of [client's

name] just as if he were the principal character in a play. Write it as it might be written by a friend who knew him very intimately and very sympathetically, perhaps better than anyone ever really could know him"

Based

on the Self-Characterization Sketch the therapist help the client to change construct The therapist prepares a fixed role sketch containing constructs that differ from the client's negative self-perceptions as revealed in the self characterization sketch. Based on Kellys experience with a friend

Cognitive Complexity with age Differentiation & Integration Relations because of similar constructs Studying

schizophrenics and comparison to normal Study on repeat patients Career selection for people Even discussion on constructs and its subordinates
Gender Research

Selection Job

Performance Evaluation Training Conflict resolution Market Research

Authors

looked at some construct which Indian managers use


People Authority/Subordinacy Peers

People

The identification construct

The obligation construct

Authority/Subordinate

Authority/ Mistrust
Peers

Tolerant and co-operative (only for task irrelevant

information)
OD

consultants can help in identifying /developing such constructs

Emotions

are considered to be not covered

much The role of history in forming constructs is not discussed


Our past also influences our Present
The

analysis is highly individual dependent

Some quantification has been done later on

Sample

for theory development did not had extreme cases Heavily dependent on client/individual answer
Probability of false information

13- George Kelly in Theories of Personality by Schultz & Schultz (2005) Ch 18- Kelly: Psychology of Personal Constructs in Theories of Personality by Feist & Feist (2008) Ch 11- Kellys Theory of Personal Constructs in Theories of Personality by Richard M. Ryckman (2008) Personal Construct Theory: George Kelly from "The Evaluation of Personal Constructs" by D. Bannister and J.M. Mair.
Ch

The Elaboration of Personal Construct Psychology by Walker & Winter, Annual Review of Psychology (2007). 58:45377 George Kelly 1905 1967 Dr. C. George Boeree http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/kelly.html Fixed-role therapy in The Internet Encyclopaedia Of Personal Construct Psychology http://www.pcpnet.org/encyclopaedia/fixed-role-ther.html The Interpersonal Construct System of an Indian Manager: A Determinant of Organizational Behavior by Kumar & Singh Management International Review, Vol. 18, No. 1 (1978), pp. 49-59