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Beyond the Horizon

(A New Era of Wireless Space Mobile Communication)

Arindam Banerjee Student of M.Tech

Siladitya Sen Associate Professor

Poulomi Das Student of M.Tech,

Heritage Institute of Technology


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Table of Content:
Introduction

Challenges
Objectives Network Architecture Operation of Complex Network LASER operation Future Work

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Introduction
If I say a Hi to you, and you hear it after 5 Hours!!!!!!!!!! Imagine what will happen????
Intensity of Electromagnetic Wave decreases with 1/ r2 . Line of Sight communication required.

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Challenges
Long distance results low S/N ratio.

High signal propagation delay.


High data corruption rates. Disruption events. Asymmetric B/W. High link error rates for radio frequency communication channels.

Complex geography environment.

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Objective
Develop protocols for inter planet communications. Optimum numbers of satellites will also be considered. Optimum running cost. Live broadcasting. Automatic control of different vehicles will also be possible. Increase the volume of space data rate. Proper data Security in communication. New type of devices which will able to monitor users health, needs, comfort etc. Fixing space equipments in proper position.

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Network Architecture

Simplified Network Architecture Every equipment in space will fixed in proper location.

Relay stations are required at proper distance.

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Network Architecture (contd)


Earth is moving at 30km/sec speed on its elliptical orbit. It covers approximately 946080000km, in a year.

All Planet Base Stations (PBS) are situated 30km apart. All PSC are situated 9000km - 10512Km apart. PBS and PSC s are stationary on their orbits. Processing speed of the processor are less than nanosecconds. We use LASER as carrier so that we can cover a large area under this n/w.

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Operation of Complex N/W

Planet 2

Planet 1
Satellite

Satellite Control Statio Planet Base Station Optical Link Microwave Link

Planet Switching Cen

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Functional Units
This Communication System Comprise of User end Devices Antennas

Signal Processing Units


Optical Transceivers Control Units

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User end Devices


New type of user friendly devices

Attached With human body


Wireless Headphone will be provided for calling Few other Features of Device::
Device carry users Global Identity. Biometric locking system. Fuzzy Control Devices. Security Operations.

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Antenna
The crucial designing part is antennas. Low & high gain antennas are used in proper places. Low Gain Antennas for Space Vehicles. Circular Polarizing Signal can be used. low gain antennas can only handle a fraction of a data rate. Operating frequencies: 2GHz 40GHz. Antenna Array can be used.
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Antenna Array
Advantages of antenna array High flexibility. Lower productive and maintenance cost Modularity & more efficient use of spectrum Moreover multi-mission stations can be designed to track different satellite simultaneously by dividing the antennas in sub-arrays with simultaneous beam forming processes. Electronically steerable antennas for mobile and fixed portable system.

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Steerable Antenna for Fixed Position Portable System


Consisting of an antenna array that integrates 32 (2x2) sub array modules. Planer & dual circular polarization antenna for Tx & Rx simultaneously. Active multi-beam antenna Made up by a planer array of double stacked circular micro-strip patches fed by 2 coaxial probes to generate circular polarization.

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Automatic Steerable Antenna for Mobile Systems

Complete Antenna Structure a) Radiating Element of the 4x4 arrays b) Prototype Top View 7th Feb, 2012 MDCCT-2012

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Communication Blocks LASER Transmitter

Fig: Block Diagram

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Communication Blocks LASER Receiver

Fig: Block Diagram 7th Feb, 2012 MDCCT-2012

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Operational Parameters

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Mixed Communication
High-Speed transmission at 2.5 Gbps. High Bandwidth High Security Fixed & Variable position problem will solved Low weight space crafts. Low power loss for long distance communication.

Fig: Mixed Architecture

Positions of optical transceivers are fixed and accurate to a


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Data Frame Structures


Data can be classified in three type Transmitting Data Receiving Data Data will encrypt & coded for security. Control Word will be used. Asymmetric cryptography

LDPC code is used for compression

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Data Frame Structures


3 types of digital data are available Transmitting Data Receiving Data

Control Words
This data are classified by their header structure.

Parity bits, LDPC codes & LOCO algorithms are used.

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Security Architecture
Security is the Main factor for such Network: Security level vary
Application to application User Status Cryptography is also used for data security.

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Future Works
Designing of Transmitter & Receiver Proper topology for communication Security Protocols Fixing Systems on proper locations Designing User end devices

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Conclusion
A new process of fastest inter-planet communication process. In our network the planet position or its tilt will not affect in communication. Deep space communication will be very essential for future so we have to plane it from today. Our proposed network will help to provide a new process of fastest inter-planet communication process
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References:
[1] Planetory motions form winkipedia [2] www.ll.mit.edu/publications/journal/pdf/vol01_no2/1.2.4 intersatellitecomm.pdf [3] acts.grc.nasa.gov for advance satellite communication [4]www.isro.org Satellites [5] Results from the DOLCE (Deep Space Optical Link Communications Experiment) Project Guy Baister, Klaus Kudielka*, Thomas Dreischer and Michael Tchler Oerlikon Space AG, CH-8052 Zrich, Switzerland [6] New Antenna Array Architectures for Satellite Communications Miguel A. Salas Natera et al. Universidad Politcnica de Madrid, Spain [7] Salas Natera, M. A.; Martnez, R.; De Haro Ariet, L. & Fernndez Jambrina, J. (2010). Automated System for Measurement and Characterization of Planar Active Arrays. IEEE Internationa Symposium on Phase Array Systems and Technology, pp. 1-6, Boston USA, October 2010.

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