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UNIT SHUT DOWN PROCEDURE

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Presentation outline
Planned Shut Down procedure

APH Washing
Hydrogen purging

ATT

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UNIT SHUT DOWN


Planned shutdown- For overhauling Emergency shut down- Boiler tube leakage, major problems in Turbine, Generator etc, Transmission constraints. Reserve shut down Low demand

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Planned shutdown
Preparation for shut down.
Mobilization of resources for overhauling- Manpower , Spares, consumables Identification all Jobs to be carried out. Carry out performance testing and identify performance gaps, parameter deviations and action plan for rectification. Necessary clearance from RLDC/bulk customers .

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Activities All coal bunkers should be preferably made empty before long shut down. Stop/ regulate coal feeding to bunkers accordingly. Charging of auxiliary steam from other unit. Ensure availability of all oil guns. Take trial run of all emergency equipments like Dc Scanner air fan, DC EOP,DC SOP, DG set etc. Ensure SGC oil and SLC of oil system is ON

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Reduce coal firing in mills and bring down the unit load to 160 MW Gradually reduce boiler steam parameters (steam pressure and temp.) for force cooling. Rate of reduction to be controlled as per the permissible limits. Ensure that the TSE margins are OK. Carryout boiler soot blowing and APH soot blowing.

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Set turbine load gradient at 5 MW/min. Bypass turbine steam temp. low protection. Check HP/LP Bypass operation. Charge D/A pegging steam from CRH. Cut out the top mill .Make the bunker/feeder belt empty before stopping the mill.

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Cut out HP heaters 5&6 Reduce unit load to 120MW after taking oil support in AB elevation. Carryout ATT. Cut out one more mill and reduce unit load to 80 MW. Ensure that turbine gland sealing steam temp. >250o C and change over from leak steam control to seal steam controller.

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Change over unit bus power supply from UATs to station Bus . Monitor and record all turbine supervisory parameters like turbine bearing and shaft vibrations, Diff expansion of HPT, IPT & LPT ,Axial shift , Over all expansion Turbine brg temp. at different loads. Monitor boiler drum Top/Bottom differential temp. while reducing pressure and load.

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One set of ID ,FD, PA fans and one BFP can be stopped. Cut out one more mill and reduce load to 50 MW. Reduce load to 30MW. Open HP bypass to maintain boiler pressure. Cutout LP heaters. Ensure change over of drum level control from high range to low range.

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Trip the turbine through trip push button on desk and open the HP/LP bypass. Control boiler drum level. Ensure the following after turbine trip. Generator circuit breaker opened Generator Field breaker opened. Turbine AOP has taken start at 2850 RPM and Lub. Oil pressure is normal.
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Turbine ESVs and IVs closed. HP ,IP control v/vs closed CRH NRV and all extraction valves and NRVs closed Monitor turbine speed, bearing vibrations, brg temp. and turbine supervisory measurements during coasting down. Monitor hotwell level, D/A level,Cond vacuum.

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ENSURE opening of the following drains: HP casing drain. Drain after CRH NRV's Drain before/after IV's. NRV's. Drain before extraction NRV's Seal steam header drain. Drain before ESV's.

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Stop the last mill after ensuring the feeder is empty. Stop the PA fans and trip the boiler. (Boiler can be tripped by checking any of the boiler protections.) Ensure the closure of HOTV,LOTV Close HP/LP bypass and close boiler stop valves

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Purge the boiler for 5 minutes and scavenge all the oil guns which were in service Isolate HFO ,LDO stations and all oil guns Isolate SH/RH spray stations. Fill boiler drum level upto max. level. Stop ID /FD fans if boiler force cooling is not required (During boiler cooling ensure that boiler TOP Bottom differential is <50oc

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Ensure that scanner air fan emergency damper has opened after stopping both FD fans. Switch of all ESP fields and rapping system. Ensure turbine JOP has taken start at 510RPM and jacking oil pr is >110 KSC Ensure Gate gearing valve has opened at 210RPM Ensure speed ref. zero Ensure turbine has come on barring and speed >100 RPM

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MOT level is normal and duplex filter not choked. Open generator bkr isolators on 220 KV side. Depressurize MS, HRH steam lines .open MS ,HRH strainer drains to IBD tank Stop condenser vacuum pump and kill vacuum. Open vac. Bkr at 200 mm of Hg condenser vacuum

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Isolate seal steam supply to turbine glands and stop GSE. Isolate generator Hydrogen coolers Stator water and seal oil coolers. Stop one CW pump. Monitor LP turbine exhaust hood temp. and stop CEP after 4 hours CW system can be stopped after 4 hours from unit shut down

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Stop BFP and ECW pump after drum top up requirement is completed. Isolate auxiliary steam header. Isolate power supply to all HT drives and ESP. Generator hydrogen can be purged after the turbine coming to barring gear. At 2ksc drum pressure open boiler drum vents, SH vents and SH hdr drains

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Drain the boiler when the boiler water temp. is below 90oC. Stop APH and scanner air when flue gas temp. below 100oC. Isolate all steam supply to Deaerator and drain Deaerator after opening the vents. Monitor turbine expansions and casing temp. during cooling down.

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Turbine barring gear can be stopped at HP shaft/casing temp. less than 130 oC. TG oil system can be stopped at turbine casing temp. of 95oC after ensuring that hydrogen is purged out from generator. Seal oil system can be stopped after hydrogen purging and stopping of barring.

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APH WASHING.
Purpose- for cleaning of baskets of air heater High pressure water jet is used Washing to be carried out when the air heater is in hot condition (Temp.about 200oC).immediately after boiler shut down Open the r plugs of APH ash hopper Open the duct drains of SA and PA ducts

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Start the APH water washing pumps Open the water washing lines of the air heater . Keep the air heater rotating. Continue the washing till the PH of inlet and outlet water is same. Run the ID /FD fans to dry out the baskets

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Hydrogen Purging.
Ensure that the generator is tripped condition Reduce the Hydrogen pressure to 0.5 KSC by opening the purge valve. Connect CO2 cylinders to the filling manifold. Start filling CO2 through the CO2filling valve Crack open the purge valve to maintain the casing pr. At 0.5 ksc Continue filling CO2 till purity of 95% is achieved.

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Purge out CO2 by opening the air filling valve and purge out valve. Continue air filling till CO2 concentration is Nil. Disconnect the air connection after purging.

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To check the healthiness of turbine protections during normal operation Turbine protections can be periodically tested on load. Provides full protection to the turbine during the testing.

Automatic Turbine Testing (ATT)

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SALIENT FEATURES Individual testing of each protective device and stop/control valve assembly. Automatic functional protective substitute devices that protect turbine during ATT. Only its pretest is carried out without any faults i.e. if the substitute circuit is healthy, the main test begins. .

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Monitoring of all programme steps for execution within a predefined time. Interruption if the running time of any programme step is exceeded or if tripping is initiated. Automatic re-setting of test programme after a fault Full protection of turbine provided by special test safety devices.

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The testing system or ATT is sub divided in two functional sub-groups. 1. ATT STOP AND CONTROL VALVES 2.ATT PROTECTIVE DEVICES

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AUTOMATIC TESTING OF PROTECTIVE DEVICES


ATT sub group for protective devices covers the following devices. 1. Remote trip solenoid-1. 2. Remote trip solenoid-2. 3. Over speed trip device. 4. Hydraulic low vacuum trip device. 5. Thrust bearing trip device.

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Turbine actual over speed testing.

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SHUT DOWN TO HOTSTAND BY


When the unit is to be shut down for short duration the boiler can be kept in Hot stand by. Shut down due to grid restriction Shut down due to problems in electrical systems, Generator , GT, UAT ,Turbine etc (problems which requires short duration to attend )

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Boiler pressure and temp. are maintained substantially to facilitate quick start up. Turbine metal temp. can be brought down to reduce start up time during re rolling. Shut down procedure is similar to normal shut down except reduction in pressure and temp. Reduce the load to 120 - 140MW at rated steam parameters

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Subsequent load reduction along with pressure and temp. drops should be decided by the turbine limitations Trip the boiler when the desired parameters reached. After tripping the boiler to be boxed up. Close boiler stop valves

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Close all boiler drains and vents (CBD, IBD, EBD) Stop ID/FD fans after boiler purging. Close all dampers and gates in flue gas path. APH can be stopped after the flue gas at APH inlet is below 200oC

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SWITCHYARD OPERATION
Co-ordination with RLDC for unit synchronization, line charging etc. Line up of electrical systems Ensuring healthiness of switchyard equipments like transformers, breakers, isolators, CTs etc.

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SHUT DOWN OF TRANSMISSION LINE


Obtain written message code for shut down of the feeder from RLDC. Intimate the other end station before opening the breaker. Open the Tie Bkr of that bay and then open the main bkr. Ensure that the sequential isolator opened on auto Open the remaining isolators (Bus and line isolators) of the bay

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Give message to the other end about opening of the isolators and confirm that the line is isolated at their end. See the line voltmeter and ensure that the voltage has become zero Ensure the earthing at both ends

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Charging of transmission line


Ensure the PTW has been returned and inspect the bay physically Ensure that no Discharge rod/earthing connected on that bay Give message to the RLDC and other end station and obtain clearance for charging the line. Ensure opening of both end earthing

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After getting written confirmation from other end close all isolators of the line and check their alignment. Synchronize the feeder through the main Bkr and then close the tie bkr. Check the line power flow .

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THANK YOU

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