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Photovoltaic power injected to the grid with quasi impedence source inverter

Review-27.12.13

SUBMITTED BY M.GOBI II-YEAR ME-(P.E.D.)

GUIDED BY Dr . P. SELVAN Ph.D. HoD / EEE

ERODE SENGUNTHAR ENGINEERING COLLEGE,THUDUPATHI-638 057

Abstract
To track the maximum power To be maintained battery power simultaneously Voltage boost and inversion are integrated in single stage

Injected the maximum power to the grid

Literature survey

A Single-Phase Voltage-Controlled Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System

With Power Quality Conditioner Functionality (Rosa A. Mastromauro,


Member, IEEE, Marco Liserre, Senior Member, IEEE,Tamas Kerekes, Student Member, IEEE, and Antonio DellAquila, Member, IEEE ), Nov 2009.

PV system with shunt controller


Incremental conductance method is used

To change the phase displacement


Harmonic distortion

Modulation

for Three-Phase Transformerless Z-Source Inverter to

Reduce Leakage Currents in Photovoltaic Systems, (Fabricio Bradaschia, Student Member, IEEE, Marcelo C. Cavalcanti, Member, IEEE, Pedro E. P. Ferraz,Francisco A. S. Neves, Member, IEEE, Euzeli C. dos Santos, Jr., Member, IEEE, and Joo H. G. M. da Silva), Dec 2011.

Fast recovery diode is used ZSI with RL load PWM technique is modified

Quasi-Z-Source Inverter-Based Photovoltaic Generation System With Maximum


Power Tracking Control Using ANFIS (Haitham Abu-Rub, Senior Member, IEEE, Atif Iqbal, Senior Member, IEEE, Sk.MoinAhmed, Member, IEEE,Fang Z. Peng, Fellow, IEEE, Yuan Li, Member, IEEE, and Ge Baoming, Member, IEEE), Jan 2013.

ANFIS based PV generation

Shoot-through Modulation index Dynamic response

Energy-Balance

Control of PV Cascaded Multilevel Grid-Connected

Inverters Under Level-Shifted and Phase-Shifted PWMs (Javier Chavarra, Domingo Biel, Member, IEEE, Francesc Guinjoan, Member, IEEE,Carlos Meza, Member, IEEE, and Juan J. Negroni, Member, IEEE), Jan 2013.

Cascaded H-bridge
PI controller

PWM (PS-PWM, LSPWM)

An Improved Maximum Power Point Tracking for Photovoltaic Grid-Connected


Inverter Based on Voltage-Oriented Control (Riad Kadri, Jean-Paul Gaubert, Member, IEEE, and Gerard Champenois, Member, IEEE), Jan 2011.

VOC based PV generation

Robust tracking

PI controller (Change in power)

Decoupled feedback

Existing system

To be maintained battery power

Power limitation during DCM

Battery is connected to C2

Proposed system
To maintain battery power

Battery is connected in parallel with C1

Single stage inversion


To control inverter output

Grid tie power

PV power

MPPT Battery power

To avoid the power limitation

Block diagram

QZSI
Shoot through with stand capability
Continuous input current

DC/AC
No need extra filter

Low cost and excellent reliability

Circuit diagram

Operation of mode 1
Charging the inductor Voltage drop is in capacitor Diode is not conducted, so the current is not injected It leads the current to capacitors the maximum output voltage

Operation of mode 2
Diode conducted because Battery power less

Voltage on capacitors 1 is fall on diode is conducted) Output is shorted, so the current flows through

Simulink diagram PV output

The PV output is 23.49V

The PV cell is generated power by continuous current By improving the duty cycle to get max.power

PV output with QZSI

To drawn continuous current PV tie with QZSI

Diode gets offset


The QZSI output is boost

QZSI output fed with grid

QZSI output compared with SPWM


The step up transformer 125V/2KV Grid voltage is improved

Results QZSI output waveform

Voltage across transformer at secondary

Load current

Voltage across load

Advantages
Less switching losses due to Zero voltage switching High output power
Less voltage stress No need additional switch to reduce the voltage stress

Application

It is applicable to the HVAC, FACTS application


It is also to be used in smart grid application High-power fuel-cell ,forklift truck , DG systems

Conclusion

Produce the desired output ac voltage to the grid/load Regulate the battery state of charge (SOC). Control the PV panel output power

Reference
A Single-Phase Voltage-Controlled Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System With Power Quality Conditioner Functionality (Rosa A. Mastromauro, Member, IEEE, Marco Liserre, Senior Member, IEEE,Tamas Kerekes, Student Member, IEEE, and Antonio DellAquila, Member, IEEE ), Nov 2009. Modulation for Three-Phase Transformerless Z-Source Inverter to Reduce Leakage Currents in Photovoltaic Systems, (Fabricio Bradaschia, Student Member, IEEE, Marcelo C. Cavalcanti, Member, IEEE, Pedro E. P. Ferraz,Francisco A. S. Neves, Member, IEEE, Euzeli C. dos Santos, Jr., Member, IEEE, and Joo H. G. M. da Silva), Dec 2011.
Energy-Balance Control of PV Cascaded Multilevel Grid-Connected Inverters Under Level-Shifted and Phase-Shifted PWMs (Javier Chavarra, Domingo Biel, Member, IEEE, Francesc Guinjoan, Member, IEEE,Carlos Meza, Member, IEEE, and Juan J. Negroni, Member, IEEE), Jan 2013.

Quasi-Z-Source Inverter-Based Photovoltaic Generation System With Maximum Power Tracking Control Using ANFIS (Haitham Abu-Rub, Senior Member, IEEE, Atif Iqbal, Senior Member, IEEE, Sk.MoinAhmed, Member, IEEE,Fang Z. Peng, Fellow, IEEE, Yuan Li, Member, IEEE, and Ge Baoming, Member, IEEE), Jan 2013.

An Improved Maximum Power Point Tracking for Photovoltaic Grid-Connected Inverter Based on VoltageOriented Control (Riad Kadri, Jean-Paul Gaubert, Member, IEEE, and Gerard Champenois, Member, IEEE), Jan 2011.

Future work

Dynamic Voltage Restorer


To control sag, swell Analysis of PQ issues

Thank you