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Batu Berendam Wastewater Treatment Plant

MOHD HARIS SHAUKAT BIN MOHD NEGUIB (55203211168) NIK HISHAM BIN NIK ISMAIL AZLAN (55203210165) MOHD FADHIL BIN ABU BAKAR (55203211116) SITI MARYAM NABILAH BIN MUSTAFA (55203211268) MUHAMAD AMIRSYAHIR BIN AMIRMUSIDI (55203210176)

INTRODUCTION
The Batu Berendam Wastewater Treatment plant main function is to treat all pollutant contain in domestic and industrial wastewater to ensure water discharge to the river or sea meet the Regulation (EQA 1974) and not polluting the environment The main objective of treatment units is to reduce the wastewater contents (solids) and remove the entire nuisance causing elements and change the character of the wastewater in such a way that it can be safely discharged in natural water course applied on the land

DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS
Wastewater treatment systems required to be developed in accordance with state design criteria and it design for 30 years
The main objective of this design is to develop a least cost design procedure for wastewater treatment systems, which satisfy a set of specified constraints, and minimize life time costs

DESIGN REQUIREMENT & SPECIFICATION

Geographical Area
Very important to determine the comfort and ease to the nearby residential area
Built proximity near to an important river Plant should be built near the zones which need to be served Must be near with the main road

Technical and Economical


A large area is required to build an advanced wastewater treatment plant
Should have the amount of area on the total site that is useable for construction for a treatment plant facility The area for potential upgrade also need to be considered The treatment plant facility should have a well shape facility The treatment plant must build on a flat surface area The availability of utilities such as raw water and electricity

Environmental factors
Environmental Impact Assessment should be done to determine the potential affected area whether there are endangered species of flora or fauna in that particular area
To minimize the impacts of threatened and endangered species habitat

Socio-economic
A waste water treatment plant facility usually requires some amount of workers
Provides job opportunities to people and also students who are looking for internship

SITE LOCATION

UNIT DESIGN

Parameters
pH

Raw Wastewater
6.4

Effluent Expected
5.5 - 9.0

Method Use

BOD

300 mg/l

20 mg/l

Sedimentation Tank

COD

600 mg/l

250 mg/l

Aeration Tank

Oil & Grease

50 mg/l

5 mg/l

Skimming Tank

TSS

600 mg/l

300 mg/l

Sedimentation Tank, Screening Device

N2

61 mg/l

5 mg/l

Complete Mix Activated Sludge, Aerator and Secondary Sedimentation Tank

NH3

50 mg/l

50 mg/l

Total Phosphourous

5 mg/l

5 mg/l

Total Coliform

100000 MPN/ml

5 no/100ml

Complete Mix Activated Sludge and Aerator

Receiving Chamber

Coarse Screen (Manual Handling)

Grit Chamber

Fine Screen (Dish Type Fine Screen)

Skimming Tank (Removing Oil)

Primary Sedimentation Tank (Rectangular)

Aeration Tank (Dorocco)

Secondary Sedimentation Tank (Rectangular)

Stabilization Tank

Belt Filter Press

Dimension of Equipment
Equipment Receiving Chamber Coarse Screen Grit Chamber Dimension 5.6 2.8 3 1.6 0.8 3 3.6 3.3

Fine Screen
Skimming Tank Sedimentation Tank Aeration Tank Secondary Sedimentation Tank Stabilization Tank

1.29 0.8
9m x 1m x 3m 58.6 4 7 77m x 4.3m x 9.5m 98m x 9m x 5m 8.7m x 4m x 6m

COSTING
Utilities Cost RM per monthly RM per annual

Electrical

RM 20,000

RM 240,000

Water

RM 1,000

RM 12,000

Telephone

RM 200

RM 2,400

Total

RM 21,200

RM 254,400

Equipment
Receiving Chamber Coarse Screen (Manual) Grit Chamber Fine Screen Skimming Tank Chemical Treatment Tank (Polymer) Primary Sedimentation Tank

Qty
1 2 2 2 1 100 metric tonnes

Cost per unit


RM 5,000 RM 22,350 RM 38,520 RM 11, 367 RM 24,453 RM 295

Costing
RM 5,000 RM 44,700 RM 77,040 RM 22,734 RM 24,453 RM 29,500

Annual Maintenance Cost


RM 1020 RM 1500 RM 2530 RM 1020 RM 1310

2 1 1 1 2 10 10

RM 85,252 RM 26, 789 RM 127, 060 RM 8,000 RM 25,680 RM 4,631 RM 2,405

RM 170,504 RM 26, 789 RM 127,060 RM 8,000 RM 51,360 RM 46,310 RM 24,050

RM 1230 RM 1210 RM 1240 RM 1215 RM 7200 RM 2300 RM 1100

Aeration Tank
Secondary Sedimentation Tank Stabilization Tank Belt Filter Press Pump Valve Total Costing

RM 657,500

RM 21,975

WASTEWATER PROCESS CONTROL AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Wastewater Effluent Quality Control


To ensure that the quality of effluent released abide the standard B as set by the Environmental Quality Act EQA 1974
Controlling water quality begins with precise detection and measurement of one or more water quality parameters such as:
Chlorine and other chlorine-based chemicals for disinfection
Oxidants for precipitation, TOC removal, taste and/or odour control Dechlorination processes for elimination of chlorine Reducing agents for neutralization and minimization of oxidants

Acidic and alkaline solutions for pH correction


Ion specific analysis as needed for control of water quality

Analytical Cells and Sensors


For disinfectant measurement, the three-electrode sensor eliminates the need for constant zero-adjustment typical of other sensors

For free and total chlorine measurement, or when the water exhibits fluctuating pH, the internally buffered membrane type sensor eliminates the need for separate reagents
ORP and pH measurement

Flow Cells
For pH, ORP and other ion-specific measurement applications, the Strantrol flow cell assembly includes a wall mount transparent flow chamber, pressure gauge, sample valve, flow switch, and a plumbing kit complete with isolation valves mounted in a corrosionproof, acrylic enclosure
For oxidants and reducing agents, the DEPOLOX 5 flow cell consists of a 3-electrode system utilizing a bare-electrode design

Measurement Modules
For free and total chlorine residual, chlorine dioxide, ozone or potassium permanganate residual measurement down to 1 ppb, the Micro/2000 is unmatched in the industry today For wastewater treatment plant effluent applications, the Deox/2000 ensures complete dechlorination at a level to support compliance with discharge permits

Analysers and Controllers


For simple water quality control applications, the SFC analysers/controller is a highly flexible measurement and control system

More complex water quality control applications are easily addressed with the MFC analyser/controller

Wastewater Effluent Overflow Control


Wastewater treatment facilities face a risk of having sewage overflow during rain seasons
This condition is called sanitary sewer overflow (SSO) SSO is a condition whereby untreated sewage is discharged into the environment prior to reaching sewage treatment facilities The main causes of SSO are:
Infiltration/Inflow of excessive storm water into sewer lines during heavy rainfall Rupture or blockage of sewerage lines Malfunction of pumping station lifts or electrical power failure Human operator error at treatment plant facilities.

Safety and Waste Management


Safety management
Confined-Space Entry Lockout/Tagout Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Eye and Face Protection


Head Protection Foot Protection Hand Protection Respiratory Protection Chemical Storage and Handling Lab/Environmental Sampling

Waste management
Sewage sludge treatment Anaerobic digestion Aerobic digestion Composting Incineration Sludge disposal

Conclusion
A successful technical project involves integration of various field. This is an attempt to combine several aspects of environmental, biological and chemical and civil engineering.
Since, in Batu Berendam there is no proper treatment plant for sewage, it necessary to construct a Sewage Treatment Plant. The plant is designed perfectly to meet the future expansion for the next 30 years in accordance with Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Air Negara (SPAN). This project consist the design of the complete components of Sewage Treatment Plant from receiving chamber, screening chamber, grit chamber, skimming tank, sedimentation tank, secondary clarifier and belt filter press.

References
Huber Technology, 2012. Huber Technology. [Online] Available at: http://www.huber.de/products/screens-and-fine-screens/rotamatr-screens/rotamatr-fine-screen-ro-1.html [Accessed 9 October 2013]. Tchobanoglous, G., 2004. Wastewater Engineering (Treatment and Reuse). 4th ed. United States America: McGraw Hill. Westech, 2011. [Online] Available at: http://www.westech-inc.com/en-usa/products/aerated-grit-chamber#media [Accessed 9 October 2013].