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Natural Gas Processing MEG Regeneration and Reclamation

by Jupni Mulyana

Introduction Concept Selection Technology Development

What is MEG?
Mono Ethylene Glycol A thermodynamic inhibitor for prevention hydrate MEG is preferred hydrate inhibitor for medium to long multiphase flow line

The Closed Loop MEG System

Inlet Gas

Natural Gas Processing


Gas To Pipeline Gas Recompression CO2

Inlet Gas

Inlet Gas / Liquid Separation

Gas Treating CO2 / H2S Removal

Gas Dehydration

Dew Point Control or NGL / LPG Extraction

Produced Water and Condensate Sulphur Recovery Unit Sulphur

Water NGL/LPG Fractionation NGL Products

Typical Processing Steps - Block Flow Diagram

Natural Gas Composition - Contaminants


Problems Associated with Contaminants

Acid Gas (CO2, H2S, Mercaptans/RSH)


- Corrosion Problems - CO2 Freeze-up (Solids) at Low Temperature - Exceeds Pipeline / Product specification

Liquid Hydrocarbon
- Slugging in pipeline

Water
- Corrosion Problems - Hydrate Formation

Natural Gas Composition - Contaminants


Problems associated with Contaminants

Mercury
- Attack Brazed Aluminum Heat Exchangers - Environmental Problems - Catalyst Poisoning (Off Spec Product Specifications)

Inert Gas (Nitrogen, Oxygen)


- Non Productive Gas Volume - Lower Gas Heating value (Btu) / Pipeline Specifications - Oxygen react with Amines ( CO2 Removal Process)

Natural Gas Composition - Contaminants


Treat Gas to Remove contaminants
Meet Gas Pipeline Specifications Meet Final Liquid Product Specifications Avoid Corrosion Related Problems Downstream Other Processing Problems in Downstream Operations

Sales Gas Specifications Gas Delivery Specifications


- Temperature - Pressure (psig)

Gas Product Specifications


Water Hydrocarbon Dewpoint H2S Total Sulfur (COS,CS2, RSH) CO2 N2 Hg

Typical Values
3 7 lb/mmscfd 15 30 F 4 15 ppm 100 400 ppm <2% <12% < 10 ppb

Natural Gas Processing


Gas To Pipeline Gas Recompression CO2

Inlet Gas

Inlet Gas / Liquid Separation

Gas Treating CO2 / H2S Removal

Gas Dehydration

Dew Point Control or NGL / LPG Extraction

Produced Water and Condensate Sulphur Recovery Unit Sulphur

Water NGL/LPG Fractionation NGL Products

Typical Processing Steps - Block Flow Diagram

Natural Gas Processing


Acid Gas Removal (CO2/H2S)
Solvent Processes (Amines) Solid Processes Membranes

Sulfur Recovery
- Claus Process - Tail Gas Clean-up

Dehydration
- Condensation with Hydrate Inhibition (EG) - Glycol Processes (TEG) - Solid Processes (Molecular Sieve)

Natural Gas Processing- CO2/H2S Removal


Treated (Sweet) Gas

Acid Gas
Lean Amine Lean Amine Cooler

Amine Contactor

Lean/Rich Exchanger

Amine Regenerator

Sour Gas

Flash Drum

Rich Amine

Amine Circulating Pump

Sulfur Recovery - Claus Process


Converter #1 Converter #2

Reaction
Furnace

Steam
Tail Gas
Steam

Acid Gas BFW

Steam

Reheater #1

Steam

Reheater #2

Condenser #1 Air Blower


BFW

Condenser #2
BFW

Condenser #3
BFW

Liquid Sulfur

Sulfur Pit

Sulfur Pump

Gas Dehydration Glycol


Dried Gas Gas/Glycol Cooler Water

Lean/Rich Exchanger

Lean Glycol

Flash Drum Filters

Glycol Contactor

Glycol Regenerator

Wet Gas Rich Glycol

Glycol Pump

Surge Drum

Gas Dehydration Molecular Sieve


Wet Gas

Regeneration Gas Out

Tower #1
Regeneration Gas Heater

A D S O R B

R E G E N

Tower #2

Dry Gas

Regeneration Gas

Natural Gas Processing


Gas To Pipeline Gas Compression Unit CO2

Inlet Gas

Inlet Gas / Liquid Separation

Gas Treating CO2 / H2S Removal

Gas Dehydration

Dew Point Control or NGL / LPG Extraction

Produced Water and Condensate Sulphur Recovery Unit Sulphur

Water NGL/LPG Fractionation NGL Products

Typical Processing Steps - Block Flow Diagram

Dew Point Control Process


Introduction Chilling NG for HC dew point control is a condensation technologies operates on the basis that temperature drop of a gas stream results in condensation of heavier hydrocarbons, this causes a shift in the dew point line of the gas stream phase envelope to a lower temperature at a given pressure. Hence the level of dew point suppression required can determine the quantity of heavier hydrocarbons to be extracted. Dew point defined as the temperature at the first drop of liquid hydrocarbons is formed from the gaseous phase at a given pressure. A typical value of 14 F at 1015 psig, indicate that the first of drop of liquid hydrocarbons is only allowed to formed when the temperature drops to 14 F at a pressure of 1015 psig

Dew Point Control Process


Technology

Expansion Refrigeration
- JT Valve-Expansion / Refrigerated J-T Process - Turbo Expander Process

Mechanical Refrigeration - Straight Refrigeration / Liquid Stabilization Supersonic Separation

Dew Point Control Process


Justification

The dew point of hydrocarbon and water are specifically controlled to ensure safety of operations, security of supply and complying with contractual specifications including: Efficient utilization line pack Recovery of natural gas liquid Prevention liquid HC slugging in pipeline Minimization of pressure/head loss

Dew Point Control Process


LTS System

Ideal for wellhead High inlet pressure No mechanical refrigeration Usually low vapor pressure product Designed for low maintenance

Dew Point Control Process


Straight Refrigeration (SR-1)

Normally runs at pipeline pressure Low pressure drop Mechanical refrigeration reqd Use propane Refrig. Mostly C.S. Equip.

Dew Point Control Process


Straight refrigeration (SR-2)

Additional Exchanger Minimize energy and refrigeration

Be aware of recycle
gas built-up Higher recompression

HP due to recycle

Dew Point Control Process


Straight Refrigeration (SR-3)

Split feed to Column Balanced scheme Look into possible product/feed exch.

Dew Point Control Process


Straight Refrigeration (SR-4)

Best scheme for lowest dew point Higher Recovery of NGL liquid Higher cost/energy

Dew Point Control Process


Straight Refrigeration (SR-5)

Similar to SR-2
Applicable for low pressure system No recompression

Dew Point Control Process


Supersonic Separation
Expander Section: A nozzle will accelerate to supersonic velocity resulting in pressure and temperature drop and cause heavier HC condensation The Cyclone Separator: Centrifuge causing swirl effect results in gas condensates separation and removal Compression: Diffuser region in order to regain the pressure loss (pressure recovery)