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Aldzarfiq bin Roslan Hasanatun Sakinah binti Jantan Khoiriah binti Abd Hadi Kong Mun Ying Rusdiansyah

bin Arsak

What is a noun phrase?

A phrase whose head is a noun or pronoun optionally accompanied by a set of modifiers
Articles: a, an, the Demonstratives: this, that, those Numerals: one, two, three Possessives: my, their, whose Quantifiers: some, many

Adjectives: the red ball Relative clauses: the books that I bought yesterday Prepositional phrases: the man with the black hat

Other meanings
A noun phrase is a group of words that does the work of noun. A noun phrase is either a pronoun or any group of words that can be replaced by a pronoun.

Look at the noun. My sporty red car with a sunroof

Its just been expanded!!!

Lets see that again.


mysterious woman in black

The original single word woman

has been expanded,

and this gives us more information.

The term noun phrase refers to a group of words which act like a noun.

Words can go before the noun e.g. The great river and/or after the noun.
e.g man of honour

They modify the meaning of the noun.

Nouns often have other words in front of them.

Determiners e.g. a, the, that, my, your, Adjectives e.g. little, blue, silly Verbs

e.g. a buzzing bee Nouns, acting like adjectives e.g. the lemonade bottle


1. Subject My old laptop is not working now. 2. Directive object sign your name there. 3. Indirect object I always tell people I am not a teacher.


4. Subjective predicate Your faith has been a gift for me. 5. Objective predicate I called this little talk a survey of global economic crisis. 6. Premodifier of a noun or noun phrase Simons on this revision course..


7. Premodifier of adjective The plane was 4 hours late. 8. Premodifier of preposition He revealed Washington had informed the Kremlin an hour before the start of the assault. 9. Post-modifier of adjective We are short fifteen dollars.


10.Premodifier of adverb Now Mercedes have always been good at insulting their car but they are gone a stage further with this. 11.Post-modifier of noun Women may suffer from lack of acceptable because too many of the men their age are dead.

Verb Phrase

Recognizing a Verb Phrase

Every sentence must have a verb. To depict doable activities, writers use action verbs. To describe conditions, writers choose linking verbs. Sometimes an action or condition occurs only once

Read these examples: Offering her license and registration, Selena sobbed in the driver's seat. Officer Carson was unmoved.

Other times, the activity or condition continues over a long stretch of time, happens predictably, or occurs in relationship to other events. In these instances, a single-word verb like sobbed or was cant accurately describe what happened, so writers use multipart verb phrases to communicate what they mean. As many as four words can comprise a verb phrase.

A main or base verb indicates the type of action or condition, and auxiliaryor helpingverbs convey the other nuances that writers want to express. Read These three examples: The tires screeched as Selena mashed the accelerator. Selena is always disobeying the speed limit. Selena should have been driving with more care, for then she would not have gotten her third ticket this year.

The tires screeched as Selena mashed the accelerator. In the first sentence, screeched and mashed, single-word verbs, describe the quick actions of both the tires and Selena.

Selena is always disobeying the speed limit. Selena should have been driving with more care, for then she would not have gotten her third ticket this year. Since Selena has an inclination to speed, is disobeying [a twoword verb] communicates the frequency of her law breaking. The auxiliary verbs that comprise should have been driving [a fourword verb] and would have gotten [a three-word verb] express not only time relationships but also evaluation of Selena's actions.

Adverbs are not part of the verb phrase.

Since a verb phrase might use up to four words, a short adverbsuch as also, never, or notmight try to sneak in between the parts. When you find an adverb snuggled in a verb phrase, it is still an adverb, not part of the verb.

Read these examples: For her birthday, Selena would also like a radar detector. Would like = verb; also = adverb. o To avoid another speeding ticket, Selena will never again take her eyes off the road to fiddle with the radio. o Will take = verb; never, again = adverbs. Despite the stern warning from Officer Carson, Selena has not lightened her foot on the accelerator. Has lightened = verb; not = adverb.

Calaudia sat on a stool.

The dog chases the squirrel in the park.


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