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& Comparison With

M.Kanimozhi III MCA 29713

Why WiMAX? What is WiMAX? History of WiMAX How WiMAX works?

Think about how you access the Internet today??????


There are basically three different options

Broadband access Wi-Fi access Dial-up access

Need for new Technology...

The high speed of broadband service. Wireless rather than wired access . It would be a lot less expensive than cable or DSL Much easier to extend to suburban and rural areas Broad coverage like the cell phone network instead of small WiFi hotspots

A system to provide all these features

is known as WiMAX

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access It is of the standard IEEE 802.16.

WiMAX could replace cable and DSL services, providing universal Internet access just about anywhere you go.

History Of WiMAX
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) devised the 802.16 standard

Operated on a point-to-point radio link network by means of line of sight transmissions, had a frequency range of 10 GHz to 66 GHz Developers focused more exclusively on the 802.16 standard that functioned in the range of 2 GHz to 11 GHz. The WiMAX Forum was established with the agenda to market and promote the 802.16 standard

The IEEE came out with 802.16a, which transmitted data through nonline of sight radio channels to and from omni-directional antennas.

History Of WIMAX(contd)
The 802.16-2004 standard was released. This standard combined the updates from the IEEE 802.16a, 802.16b, and 802.16c regulations.

First Mobile WiMAX system: supported over 2,000 subcarriers, optimized handover delay and packet loss, and increased network security. Publish their next major 802.16 standard named 802.16m. One of the goals for this version is to increase data speeds to 1Gbps.

How Wimax works?

A WiMAX tower station can connect directly to the Internet using a high-bandwidth, wired connection (for example, a T3 line). It can also connect to another WiMAX tower using a line-of-sight, microwave link.

This connection to a second tower (often referred to as a backhaul), along with the ability of a single tower to cover up to 3,000 square miles
It allows WiMAX to provide coverage to remote rural areas.

How Wimax works?

WiMAX System Two forms of wireless service WiMAX Coverage and Speed WiMAX Spectrum WiMAX Standards WIMAX Equipment Uses of WiMAX Applications

A WiMAX System
It consists of two parts:
A WiMAX tower A WiMAX receiver

A WiMAX tower
It is similar in concept to a cell-phone tower .
A single WiMAX tower can provide coverage to a very large area as big as 3,000 square miles (~8,000 square km).

A WiMAX receiver
The receiver and antenna could be a small box or PCMCIA card, or they could be built into a laptop the way WiFi access is today.

Two forms of wireless service

Non-line-of-sight line-of-sight

WiFi sort of service

A small antenna on your computer connects to the tower. WiMAX uses a lower frequency range -- 2 GHz to 11 GHz (similar to WiFi).

fixed dish antenna points straight at the WiMAX tower from a rooftop or pole.

The line-of-sight connection is stronger and more stable, so it's able to send a lot of data with fewer errors It use higher frequencies, with ranges reaching a possible 66 GHz. At higher frequencies, there is less interference and lots more bandwidth.

Coverage and speed

WiMAX should be able to handle up to 70 megabits per second. WiMAX will blanket a radius of 30 miles (50 km) with wireless access. The increased range is due to the frequencies used and the power of the transmitter.

IEEE 802.16 Specifications

Range - 30-mile (50-km) radius from base station Speed - 70 megabits per second

Line-of-sight not needed between user and base station

Frequency bands - 2 to 11 GHz and 10 to 66 GHz (licensed and unlicensed bands)

WiMax Spectrum

Unlicensed 5 GHz : The bands between 5.25 and 5.85 GHz.

Licensed 3.5 GHz:The Bands between 3.4 and 3.6 GHz Licensed 2.5 GHz: The bands between 2.5 and 2.6 GHz

WiMax Standards
Date Completed
December 2001

January 2003

June 2004

Operation Bit Rate

10-66 GHz
LOS 32-134 Mbps

< 11 GHz
Non-LOS Up to 75 Mbps

< 11 GHz
Non-LOS Up to 75 Mbps

Cell Radius

1-3 miles

3-5 miles

3-5 miles

WiMAX Technology at Home

An Internet service provider sets up a WIMAX base station 10 miles from your home. You would buy a WiMAX-enabled computer or upgrade your old computer to add WiMAX capability.

You would receive a special encryption code that would give you access to the base station.
The base station would beam data from the Internet to your computer (at speeds potentially higher than today's cable modems), for which you would pay the provider a monthly fee. The cost for this service could be much lower than current high-speed Internet-subscription fees because the provider never had to run cables.

Types of Wireless access

Fixed wireless access (FWA)

Mobile wireless access (MWA)

Nomadic wireless access (NWA)

Fixed wireless access (FWA)

Wireless access application in which the location of the end-user termination and the network access point to be connected to the end-user are fixed.

Mobile wireless access (MWA)

Wireless access application in which the location of the end-user termination is mobile.

Nomadic wireless access (NWA)

Wireless access application in which the location of the end-user termination may be in different places but it must be stationary while in use.

WiMAX Technology

For fixed and portable access applications

Up to 40 Mbps per channel, in a cell radius of 3 ~ 10 km

For mobile network deployments

Up to 15 Mbps per channel, in a cell radius up to 3 km

WIMAX Equipments
There are numerous devices on the market that provide connectivity to a WiMAX network. These are known as the "subscriber unit" (SU).

Some connecting devices: Gateways Dongles Mobile Phones

WiMAX gateway devices are available as both indoor and outdoor versions from several manufacturers.

Indoor gateways
Outdoor gateways


Indoor gateways are convenient, but radio losses mean that the subscriber may need to be significantly closer to the WiMAX base station than with professionally-installed external units. Outdoor gateways are roughly the size of a laptop PC, and their installation is comparable to the installation of a residential satellite dish.

It provides connectivity to a WiMAX network. Dongles typically have omnidirectional antennae which are of lowergain compared to other devices, as such these devices are best used in areas of good coverage. The Bluetooth USB Dongle is an external adapter that can be connected to the USB port of any notebook or desktop PC

Mobile Phone
HTC announced the first WiMAX enabled mobile phone, the Max

4G, on November 12, 2008.

The device was only available to certain markets in Russia on the Yota network.

Interesting Points
Simultaneously support hundreds of businesses with T-1 speed connectivity and thousands of homes with DSL speed connectivity. Promise of potential low cost and flexibility in building broadband networks. Support for both voice and video as well as Internet data.

Uses of WI-MAX
The bandwidth and range of WiMAX make it suitable for the following potential applications Providing portable mobile broadband connectivity across cities and countries through a variety of devices. Providing a wireless alternative to cable and DSL for "last mile " broadband access Providing data, telecommunications (VoIP) and IPTV services (triple play).

WiMax Applications:
According to WiMax Forum it supports 5 classes of applications:
Multi-player Interactive Gaming. VOIP and Video Conference Streaming Media Web Browsing and Instant Messaging Media Content Downloads

WiMAX and wiFi

IEEE Standards
Wi-Fi is based on IEEE 802.11 standard WiMAX is based on IEEE 802.16 standard

Coverage and speed

WiFi-style access will be limited to a 4-to-6 mile radius WiMAX access will be within 30 mile radius(due to stronger lineof-sight antennas)

The fastest WiFi connection can transmit up to 54 megabits per second WiMAX can transmit up to 70 megabits per second.

The biggest difference isn't speed; it's distance

Data Transfer
Wimax offer high speed internet as a broadband access which transfer data, voice, video at very high speed.

WiFi offer short range of data transfer because WiFi can connect only in specified areas so only file sharing may possible.

Wimax is a high cost network. Wifi is a low cost network

therefore mostly people adopt WiFi network due to less expenditure and avoid Wimax due to expensive installations.

Quality of Service
Wi-Fi does not guarantee any QoS WiMax will provide your several level of QoS.

Provide high-speed Internet access to home and business subscribers, without wires.
Use wireless links with microwave

standard based technology enabling the delivery of last mile

wireless broadband access as an alternative to cable and DSL


Thank You!!!!