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Globalization

Theme: Impact of globalization and related responses (2)


9 Factors which influence the spread and evenness of globalization

Theme Mind Map


The mainland and Hong Kong under globalization Different reactions to globalization

Different perceptions of globalization

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Factors which influence the spread and evenness of the impact of globalization Impact of political globalization

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Impact of globalization and related responses

Different discourses on globalization

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Economic dimension of globalization Impact of economic globalization

Political dimension of globalization

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Impact of cultural globalization

Cultural dimension of globalization

9 Factors which influence the spread and evenness of globalization

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?

To learn the indices for measurement of globalization

the

To understand the reasons for the uneven spread of globalization in different countries and among people To think about the degree of globalization of local society and your own degree of globalization To understand the importance of free flow of information and justice

What factors influence the spread of globalization?

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? How to assess the spread and impact of globalization?
The indices for measuring the spread and impact of globalization

Globalization is an abstract concept.


People try to quantify and index the degrees of globalization in different places in order to make comparisons.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?


How to assess the spread and impact of globalization? The indices for measuring the spread and impact of globalization The most commonly used indices for measuring the spread and impact of globalization:
Globalization Index
Ernst & Young Globalization Index

KOF Globalization Index

Global Competitiveness Index

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?


How to assess the spread and impact of globalization?

Globalization Index
It assesses the four key components of economic integration, personal contact, Internet connectivity and international political participation. The assessment covers a wide scope of regions.

In 2007, 72 countries and regions were included in the assessment, representing 88% of the worlds population and 97% of the gross world product.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? How to assess the spread and impact of globalization?

KOF Globalization Index


It measures three main dimensions of globalization: economic, social and political. The KOF Globalization Index was first released in 2002. To better reflect the trend of changes in globalization, the calculation traces back to the 1970s. Through the index released annually, the changes in the degree of globalization among countries in the past three decades can be compared.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?


How to assess the spread and impact of globalization?

Ernst & Young Globalization Index


It assesses the degree of globalization of the worlds top 60 economies with five components: openness of trade, capital movements, exchange of technology and ideas, labour movements and cultural integration. To reflect the overall development of all countries in the degree of globalization since 1995.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? How to assess the spread and impact of globalization?

Global Competitiveness Index


The World Economic Forum has published the annual Global Competitiveness Report since 1979. Since 2005, the Report has calculated all countries global competitiveness scores and rankings through the Global Competitiveness Index, which assesses the three main indicators of basic requirements, efficiency enhancers, and innovation and sophistication factors.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?

The ranking of China in the


Global Competitiveness Index increases
In September 2010, the World Economic Forum published The Global Competitiveness Report 2009-2010, showing that Switzerland ranked first for two consecutive years while Sweden ranked second and the US fourth.

In Asia, Singapore ranked third and Hong Kong 11th while the mainland of China climbed up the ranking from 29th in the previous year to 27th this year.
Source: Adapted from various newspapers.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? How to assess the spread and impact of globalization? The indices for measuring the spread and impact of globalization
The ranking of a country can be different on various indices, mainly because

the samples of the indices are different

the indicators in the different indices are interpreted or applied differently

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?


Why does the spread of globalization vary between regions and among people?

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?

Globalization:
Spreads over different regions Spreads in a region

The degrees of globalization are different

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?

Factors affecting the spread of globalization


Economic factors
ties between the regional and global economies personal financial conditions

Factors affecting the spread of globalization

Government policy factors


open policies free flow of information and population mobility international political participation

Social factors
the level of convenience of the accessibility to foreign information within the region the personal condition and ability of accessibility to information

Cultural factors
the degree of the region open to foreign culture personal contact to foreign cultural information and products

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? Why does the spread of globalization vary between regions?
Factors which influence the spread of globalization between regions

Economic factors:
Small countries or regions with a sound system generally depend more on international trade and overseas markets to promote economic growth. Strong links with overseas markets stimulate the flow of goods, capital and services.

Swiss National Bank and currency

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? Why does the spread of globalization vary between regions?
Factors which influence the spread of globalization between regions

Government policy factors:


Open policies help boost foreign businessmens confidence and intention to invest.

Policies which allow the free flow of information and population mobility also ensure that people can understand the worlds situation and have international interaction.
Active international political participation reflects that the countries are concerned about international affairs, and are willing to turn their concern into action.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?


Why does the spread of globalization vary between regions?
Factors which influence the spread of globalization between regions

Social factors:
Peoples accessibility to information determines different degrees of globalization in different regions. As compared to those in poor regions, people in rich regions have more access to information through the use of information and communication technology. The digital divide is thus formed.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?


Why does the spread of globalization vary between regions?
Factors which influence the spread of globalization between regions

Cultural factors:
If people are open and receptive to foreign cultures, accept foreign cultural products and are willing to promote their local culture overseas, the degree of globalization within a country in the cultural aspect can be enhanced.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? Why does the spread of globalization vary among people?
Factors which influence the spread of globalization within a region

The degree of globalization varies among people within the same region.

A persons social stratum, entrepreneurship and socio-cultural background give rise to the difference.

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization?


Why does the spread of globalization vary among people?
Factors which influence the spread of globalization within a region

Social strata:
People from higher social strata have better financial conditions and can afford technological products. They can receive higher education and can travel overseas for sightseeing or further studies.

They thus have more opportunities to interact with people in different regions and are affected by different cultures.

The European tourists visit Vietnam

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? Why does the spread of globalization vary among people?
Factors which influence the spread of globalization within a region

Entrepreneurship:
more willing to make use of the opportunities brought about by globalization to make profits.

easily develop associations with the world


more adapted globalization to

Exploration Journey: What factors influence the spread of globalization? Why does the spread of globalization vary among people?
Factors which influence the spread of globalization within a region

Socio-cultural background:
In some societies, factors such as sex, age and race influence peoples ties with the world. Indigenous inhabitants tend to resist foreign cultures because they have developed a profound and unique indigenous culture in their place of origin.