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Welding
Principles and Practices
4th edition

Edward R. Bohnart

Welding Symbols
Chapter 30
2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

Objectives
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

1. Know the name of the AWS standard for welding symbols. 2. List the eight elements that may be found on a welding symbol. 3. List the basic weld symbols. 4. List the supplementary symbols. 5. Name the five basic joints. 6. Identify the applications of the different weld symbols.

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American Welding Society


WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Material in this chapter reprinted through courtesy of AWS


Symbols include latest revision

For more detailed reference


Booklet Standard Symbols for Welding, Brazing, and Nondestructive Examination (AWS A2.4-2007)
Published by the AWS

Many companies develop own system of symbols, references with AWS as base

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AWS Symbol System


Joint
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Basis of reference

Welded joint indicated by symbol will have arrow side and other side Use tail of reference line for giving specifications for welding
Welding process; type and brand of filler metal; where or not peening, chipping or preheating is required; and other information

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Welding Symbol Components

WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

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Examples of Arrow Symbols


WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

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AWS Standard
Weld symbol
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Graphic symbol that indicates weld required

Welding symbol
Following eight elements:
Reference line (required) Arrow (required) Basic weld symbols Dimensions and other data

Supplementary symbols Finish symbols Tail Other specifications

Standard welding symbols given in Table 30-1


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Basic Weld Symbols


WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

AWS

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Basic Weld Symbols


WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

AWS

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Welding Symbols
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

AWS

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Fillet Welds and Symbol


WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Fillet weld right triangle-shaped weld placed on the joint Fillet weld symbol right triangle in shape
Vertical line of fillet weld symbol always drawn to left of symbol Size always shown to left of symbol and length to right of symbol
No length given, then weld should run full length of joint

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Examples: Fillet Welds on T-joints


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Example: Fillet Weld Length and Pitch Indications


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Weld-all-around Symbol
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Used when weld is to extend all the way around joint or series of connected joints Symbol: circle viewable at junction of reference line and arrow

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Groove Welds
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Seven types of groove welds and symbols to represent them


Square V Bevel U J Flare-V Flare-bevel

Symbols take the shape of the groove the weld is to be placed in.

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Groove Welds
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Place in a joint Used to make butt joints, but can be used to make other types of joints Double bevel
One of joint members has bevel on both sides and joint is to be welded from both sides This is not a V-groove V-groove is with both joint members are beveled and when brought together for the V

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V-groove Weld on Butt Joint


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Double V-groove Weld on Butt Joint


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Flare-bevel Groove Weld


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Edge Welds
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Weld that totally consumes full thickness of edge of joint it is being applied to Typically used on edge joints, flanged butt joints, or flanged corner joints Convexity of weld in size measurement

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Example of Edge Weld


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Combination Symbols
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WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Written specifications would read:

Arrow side j groove, 1 1/4-inch depth, 20 groove angle with 1/2-inch fillet welds. Other side j groove, 3/4inch depth, 20 groove angle with a 3/8-inch fillet weld. All welding to be done in the field in accordance with specification A2.

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Contour Symbol
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

Desired shape of weld shown on welding symbol Located above imaginary face of weld for groove weld symbols and above side of right triangle that most closely represents face of weld
Flat: straight line Concave and convex: takes on that shape

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Contour Symbol and Letters Which Indicate Finishing Method

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WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

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Applications of Welding Symbols


Nondestructive examination symbol has several elements

WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

American Wzelding Society, p. 89. Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

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Supplementary Symbols
WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

American Welding Society, p. 89.

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Nondestructive Examination Method Letter Designations


Examination method letter designation Acoustic emission AET Electromagnetic ET Leak LT Magnetic particle MT Neutron radiographic NRT Penetrant PT Proof PRT Radiographic RT Ultrasonic UT Visual VT

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WELDING: Principles and Practices, 4e

American Welding Society

2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.