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Huawei WCDMA RAN Roadmap Development

RAN5.0 Huawei roadmap from given timeframe

HSDPA Ph1 (1.8)

HSUPA Ph1 (1.44) HSDPA Ph3 (7.2) MBMS step1

RAN10 (RAN7.0)
HSUPA Ph2 (5.8) HSDPA Ph4 (14.4) MBMS Ph2

HSDPA Ph2 (3.6) Iub over IP

Iu/Iur over IP

RAN11 (RAN8.0)


1H06 2H06 1H07 2H07 (latest from E07/B08) 1H08 (speculative)

2005 2006 2007
Not released by the end-of 2007 even claimed 3Q07 on roadmap
RAN10 delay without knockon effect?

1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q 1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q

Rumours around HSUPA 5.8 delays

Knock-on effect? Originally 12 month release distance between RAN10 and RAN11 (and between RAN11 and RAN12)


Huaweis slide: Huaweis claims on their WCDMAFrom position

Huawei claims 111 UMTS contracts (Sep 2008) these include non-Radio deals as well as pilots and trials too NSN has 132 WCDMA Radio contracts Below WCDMA RAN references from Huaweis list they show to operators (H:27, NSN:51)

Spain, Hungary, Romania, Greece, Iceland Poland, Belgium, Romania, Slovakia, Moldova, Egypt

Australia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Ireland Italy, Malta, New Zealand, Poland
France, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, UK, Egypt Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, UK, USA Italy, Brazil, Argentina, Greece (now Wind) Germany, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Brazil, UK, Spain, Ireland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay Russia incl. Moscow Saudi Arabia, Nigeria


Italy, Brazil

Germany, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Brazil

Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Jamaica Russia incl. St. Petersburg UAE, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria

NSN is clearly ahead of Huawei in WCDMA Radio

Huawei vs NSN evolution to IP-transport

RNC450/2600 RNC450/2600
Huawei New RNC (BSC6810)





Upgrade package
Secured investment with upgradeability Easy IP transport upgradeability RNC450 upgrade path to RNC2600

Huawei upgrade from 6800 to 6810

This is what happens when you dont manage future proofness!

All-purpose FlexiBTS reduces complexity

Flexi BTS
A future-proof multiradio evolution

Huaweis 4th gen. BTS3900/DBS3900 Family

BBU3900 Baseband Box (8 slots for GSM, WCDMA, HSPA+ LTE, cards)


Smooth and extremely power efficient multiradio evolution GSM/WCDMA/LTE Concurrent mode operation (e.g. WCDMA/GSM) No capacity limitation based on running out of free slots for PIU Capacity and feature upgrade with SW

Huawei 4th gen. BTS is not future proof cabinet based solution with a lot of different cabinets and plug in units Huawei BBU3900 8 PIU slots frame always needs a cabinet both in OD and ID use RRU3908 RRU3804 RRU3004 RRU3008 Huawei 4th gen. BTS comprises of different RF / Multimode RRU WCDMA/LTE RRU GSM RRU BB plug in units and RRUs for different radio standards and is clearly missing a multiple sector RF module Huawei 4th gen. macro BTS not able to catch up in power consumption even with Flexi Rel.1 HW


MRFU Multimode RF Unit

ID Macro Cabinet

OD RF Cabinet


OD Mini Cabinet

Please also refer to notes page in that slide!

Superior NSN Flexi baseband evolution

Flexi Rel.2 System Module Huaweis 4th gen. BTS3900/DBS3900 Family

daughter cards
600 mm

WCDMA/LTE capable in concurrent mode operation Seamless SW defined capacity upgrade No site visits, no spare part handling Extremely cost efficient approach

BBU3900 is just an indoor baseband frame that offers installation space for BB submodules Several different cards to support different radio standards (dedicated for GSM, HSPA+ 1, HSDPA+ 2, LTE) Protective cabinet always necessary Costly site visits, baseband logistics, spare part management,


450 mm

Please also refer to notes page in that slide!

700 mm

SW Upgradeable HW brings you real savings

Huaweis BBU3900 is supporting only HSPA+ phase 1 - HSPA+ phase 2 and LTE require new BB submodules - BBU3900 baseband installation frame requires new HW for new BB capacity

NSN Flexi Platform System Module WCDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, additional BB capacity, HSPA+ and LTE with SW only
WCDMA/LTE System Module (FSMD)

Flexi BTS Platform SW upgradeability reduces site visits by 2-15 times and requires up to 2 times less spare parts compared to Huawei

The truth about Huaweis Rx sensitivity of 129.3dBm

Flexi BTS Huaweis 3G BTS3900/DBS3900

Rx Sensitivity acc. to 3GPP TS 25.104

Rx Sensitivity acc. to 3GPP TS 25.104


RRU3804 RF Unit

2-port at antenna connector -128.6dBm without MHA -129.1dBm with MHA

2-port at antenna connector -128.6dBm without MHA

Please also refer to notes page in that slide!

Huawei WCDMA Transmission

Proprietary Synch Solution !

Major Features
Clock over IP Iu/Iur over IP (for BSC6810) GE port UBR+ (for BSC6810)

Point of Benefits of Nokia Siemens Transport Solutions:

Complying to standards for Timing over Packet (IEEE1588 v2) and IP based transport Flexi BTS enables smooth evolution from ATM Iub via Pseudowire to IP Iub with NodeB SW upgrade UNIQUE Nokia Siemens Optimizes from L1 to L3 -> Multi Layer Optimization with Carrier Ethernet MLO means offloading of IP traffic to carrier ETH Transport High savings of CAPEX + OPEX

IP Backhauling presented as the only possible solution. What about L2(Ethernet)?

Major Features
Hub Node B (AAL2 switching) Iub IP Phase 2: ->DHCP ->VLAN ->PPP-Mux ATM/IP Dual Stack Node-B

Major Features
IP transmission enhancement for BSC6810 Dynamic Bandwidth control IP transmission enhancement for Node B

Major Features
IEEE 1588v2

HW Upgrade needed! Nokia Siemens supports this in RU10 with Dual Iub via SW UPGRADE !

Nokia Siemens brings Timing over Packet (IEEE1588v2) with Flexi FTIB in RU10 ! Huawei Solution delayed!

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2

Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4





Industry Best Sync Solution enables Packet only backhaul

NSN Solution


Long term experience with active participation to Std. (IEEE1588v2) First supplier with standardized solution on market Open market and leading industry alliances created for E2E Multi Vendor solutions Compatible for next Generation networks (WiMAX & LTE) Increased accuracy and less sensitive to bad ETH quality Works in all types of Packet networks (incl. IP/Ethernet)

Short term focus Proprietary solution creates supplier Lock-In Not Multi-Vendor network compatible Working only for 2G & 3G Working only with IP L3 networks Clock over IP Requires high quality Ethernet between Master & slave

Limited usability with supplier lock in and no future readiness

Standard Based and MultiRadio compatible E2E Sync Solution

Huawei is behind in HSPA performance

Huawei has lower HSUPA throughput
Huawei 1.92 Mbps L1 bit rate = 1.45 Mbps user rate = Cat3 NSN 3.84 Mbps L1 bit rate = 2.0 Mbps user rate = Cat5
Huawei HSUPA Phase1 Peak Rate: 1.45 Mbps/user (Huawei talks about 1.92 Mbps, which is L1 bit rate)

Huawei HSUPA throughput is limited. Cat3 application layer theoretical maximum 1.17 Mbps

Huawei has worse HSPA Huawei HSPA latency (0 byte) 78 ms latency

NSN HSPA latency (32 bytes) 50 ms
Figures from public Huawei conference paper Evolution towards HSPA and beyond

Huawei HSPA latency evolution 40 ms NSN HSPA latency evolution < 30 ms

HSDPA data speed in live networks

For each measurement case, the good radio conditions used
KPIs monitored: EcNo, RSCP, CQI Only when the above matched, results taken into account
5650 5600 5550 5500 5450 5400 5350 5300 5250 5200 5634 NSN Huawei 5377

Stationary tests evaluated (drive tests done, but transmission capacity of different sites were often too low and took the results of each vendor clearly down) In tested European networks, NSN provides the fastest DL speeds

Avg DL speed

Huawei is behind!
2650 2600 2550 2500 2450 2400 2350 Avg DL speed 2458 2452 NSN Huawei Ericsson 2639

HSUPA data speed in live networks

For each measurement case, the good radio conditions used
KPIs monitored: EcNo, RSCP, CQI Only when the above matched, results taken into account
2000 1500 1000 500 0 Avg UL speed 1576 1257 1058 NSN Huawei Ericsson

Stationary tests evaluated In drive tests NSNs higher HSUPA rates clearly seen (2.0 vs 1.45 Mbps)

Huawei is behind!

In European networks, NSN provides the fastest UL speeds as expected

(Ericsson and Huawei can not reach NSNs results even in theory)

NSN has 30-40% lower latency than Live network measurement Live network 2008 Huawei today
NSN has 30% lower latency in live RNC-based HSPA network than Huawei See details on next slide
120 100 80 ms 60 40 20 0 Ping 32 B 69 95 NSN HUAWEI

Major operator measurement NSN has 40% lower latency in live RNC-based HSPA network than Huawei NSN is working on additional latency evolution in I-HSPA and in RNC

Major operator testing 2008

120 100 99 80 ms 60 40 57 NSN HUAWEI

Latency <45 ms can be achieved with existing RNC HW and optimized SW on top 20 0 RAS06 Latency <30 ms with HSUPA 2 ms TTI
Majority of HSPA sessions are more sensitive to latency than to data rate"

Ping 32 B

NSN = RAS06 Huawei = RAN10

NSN beats Huawei in HSPA Latency - Live Network tests

Huawei is behind!

For each measurement case, the good radio conditions used

KPIs monitored: EcNo, RSCP, CQI Only when the above matched, results taken into account

350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Ping 32B 69 95 112


NSN HSPA latency is clearly better to Huawei Huawei latency with 1400B is really bad, possible reason RLC ReTxs

NSN Huawei

Ping 1400B

NSN provides the best HSPA latency (also against Ericsson) Latency impacts directly application performance

For each measurement case, the good radio conditions used KPIs monitored: EcNo, RSCP, CQI Only when the above matched, results taken into account In each test location each web page downloaded 20 times over HSDPA/HSUPA NSN always faster, regardless of content size and location Huawei download times were slowest with small to medium size pages

Application Performance: Web Page Download 2500 Huawei is behind!

2000 1500 1000 500 0 NSN Huawei

Pictext 512kB

Pictext 1MB

w eb page in the country

Large size pages: Pictext 512 kB and Pictext 1 MB (HTTP test server in Finland) Small size page: 5.7 kB Medium size page: 25 kB (popular polish page)

NSN clearly outperforms Huawei in the web page download times

Availability of the HSPA speeds in the field

NSN HW future proofness enables smooth rollout of high HSPA speeds. Basically all NSN supplied 3G sites in the field today have capability of 14 Mbps HSDPA and 2.0 Mbps HSUPA peak rates. In Huawei supplied networks, the practical rollout of high speed features is much slower (and more costly) due to required HW upgrades. Flexi BTS Multimode System Module supports all foreseen HSPA evolution (Rel-7,Rel-8,RelNSN supplied networks have the best availability of 9,) and LTE.high HSPA data rates

Huawei HSPA, findings in the field Huawei HSPA performance suffers from excessive amount of RLC reTxs measurements
NSN HSPA RLC reTx rate
6 NSN http

Huawei HSPA has excessive amount of RLC re-transmissions (reTxs). RLC reTxs impact latency and throughput Huaweis choice of implementation explains the unwanted RLC reTxs, for example: Huawei outer loop PC for HSUPA may not work very well, causing unnecessary RLC reTxs. Lack of congestion control on Iub in Huawei HSUPA could also cause additional RLC reTxs.

5 4 3 2 1 0 1 183 365 547 729 911 1093 1275 1457 1639 1821 2003 2185 RLC retransmission rate

Huawei HSPA RLC reTx rate

25 20

Huaw ei http

15 RLC retransmission rate 10

0 1 245 489 733 977 1221 1465 1709 1953 2197 2441 2685 2929

Huawei has limited HSPA functionality Huawei has limited HSUPA service area

Figure from public Huawei conference paper Evolution towards HSPA and beyond

Huawei cannot have non HSUPA cells in the active set => fallback to DCH NSN stays on HSUPA as long as possible => maximum HSUPA service area




NSN resource management maximises HSPA throughput

New HSDPA code is taken in use SF=16 SF=32


Rel-99 channels
AMR voice call released AMR voice call released RNC re-arranges two AMR codes, to make room for new HSDPA code.

AMR code HSDPA code

NSN code tree optimisation feature maximises available HSDPA codes => better throughput

Backup, explanation slide to previous slide, remove when presenting

Competition claims that their BTS based dynamic HSDPA code allocation is unique and faster than NSN RNC based solution. In practise the increase of HSDPA codes requires code tree rearrangement, which is always RNC initiated procedure. HSDPA codes can be increased when AMR (or Rel99 NRT) call is finished, and there becomes room to increase HSDPA codes. HSDPA codes have to be adjacent. It is highly unlikely that the code of the released AMR call happens to be adjacent to HSDPA codes, allowing to take new HSDPA code immediately in use. Typically code tree re-arrangement is needed after AMR call is released, to re-arrange existing R99 codes in a way that there will be a new free SF16 code adjacent to existing HSDPA codes. This code tree re-arrangement maximises the available HSDPA codes and thus maximises also HSDPA throughput. Code tree rearrangement is triggered always when needed to increase number of HSDPA codes.

NSN beats Huawei in 2G/3G interworking

NSN has always been the best performing vendor in 2G/3G interworking benchmarks close 100% ISHO success rate Fastest packet data system change NSN has most experience in the field for 2G/3G interworking Industry first 2G/3G handovers in commercial networks Largest amount of references in multi-vendor networks (very
profound IOT process in place)
Huawei has significantly less experience in 3G and 2G

NSN has unique 2G/3G functionalities and market leading implementation Fully fledged load based handovers Highest amount of ISHO triggers guarantee QoE

Huawei has less triggers and lack load based HO

NSN do full scope IOT and MVI, only MVI MVI pre-IOTHuaweiIOT
Purpose Verify interoperability of NW SW under development with selected other vendor new NW SW (under development) E2+-E3 SW New SW under development Verify interoperability of new NW SW with released/launch ready other vendor NW SW according to market requirements E3-(E4)E5, E5-+10months/E5(n+1) Latest released SW/new SW to be released Other Vendor Selection Criteria -Customer requirement -Other vendor capability (2) -Technical value & feasibility (1) -Market share -Strategic & business reasons Strategy -Selected advanced major vendors focusing on new strategic features or business reasons -Customer requirement (1) -Other vendor capability -Technical value & feasibility -Market share -Strategic & business reasons (2) -Selected vendors according to customer requirements for customer case with more than one particular configuration -Customer selected vendors -Customer requirement (1) E5-E10 (Latest) released SW Verify interoperability of released NW SW to be used in customer network


Vendor releasing new SW/product

Vendor releasing new SW/product

Customer/Vendor releasing new


NSN has run pre-IOT and IOT processes with all network and terminal vendors over 10 years, which guarantees best-in-class interoperability for all customers. Huawei doesnt have the same processes in place and lack experience Huawei customers will suffer from end-user quality issues