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PLUTONIC METAMORPHISM Changes produced by great heat & uniform pressure.

. Changes necessarily takes place in the kata zone, where directed pressure becomes less pronounced. High temperature is due to natural increase of temperature with depth(geothermal gradient) & magmatic heat. Structures produced are even grained, granulose & directon less; Thorough & complete recrystallization occurs. Ex:Granulite,Eclogite,Granulite gneiss. Formation of anti-stress minerals of high density and specific volume is favoured. Metamorphism of rocks varying from argillaceous to arenaceous produce- cordierite gneiss, Sillimanite gneiss and Garnet gneiss.

Metamorphism of basic igneous rocks - pyroxene gneiss, eclogite, garnet, amphibolite & jadeite. Quartzo feldspathic rocks Granulite & Leptynite Pyroxene igneous rocks for example Charnockite is believed to have acquired their distinctive character by this metamorphism. Many of the rocks of these metamorphism have close resemblance to the more extreme products of thermal metamorphism. Products Granulite, leptynite, leptite - products of plutonic metamorphism of quartzo feldspathic rocks.

Granulite: Light coloured, consisting of xenoblastic feldspars & quartz gneiss, frequently with abundant pyroxene & garnet, occasionally with Sillimanite, Kyanite, Spinal etc. in small quantity . Texture is that of granular gneiss; as it has parallel banded structure due to streaky elongation of quartz grains and to the alternation of bands of different mineral composition(Leptynite) Chemical composition of granulite is that of granite or feldspathic sandstone - often excess alumina over alkalies and lime, which results in the formation of kyanite, sillimanite, almandine & green spinel (Hercynite) Found in Archean basements in peninsular India.

Leptite: Fine grained granular metamorphic rock, composed chiefly of quartz and feldspars with subordinate mafic minerals like biotite & hornblende and occasionally garnet. Have wide range of composition from almost pure quarzite to amphibolite, represent great variety of original rock types. Example: Blastoporphyritic leptite - Derived from porphyritic acid igneous rocks. Even grained leptite - Derived from sediments & tuffaceous rocks. Cordierite leptite - Derived from argillaceous rocks. This rock occurs along with cordierite bearing granulites & charnockites in peninsular India.

Pyroxene gneiss - pyroxene granulite & charnockite series:


Pyroxene bearing rocks are abundant under plutonic condition, pyroxenesAugite & Hypersthene. Plagioclase is abundant, sometines alkali feldspar occur. Garnet often present as an important accessory. Quartz-rich, quartz-poor, quartz-free varieties are there. Typical granulose structure. Plutonic metamorphism of basic igneous rocks yields these rocks by slow recrystallization. Found in Archean basement. Charnockite series of India, although considered as igneous origin may also be included in this category as there is an ample evidence for metamorphism.