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Caribbean Studies: Impact of Caribbean culture on extra regional politics and economies

There are large numbers of Caribbean communities in larger cities of developed world

International perspectives
Some of these cities are: New York, Toronto, Miami, London, Paris and Amsterdam. Their sizeable presence will impact strongly on the local and foreign politics of these host countries. The large presence of Cubans living in Florida provides powerful lobby to pressure the US government to formulate policies to undermine the Castro communist government

International perspectives
Haitian boat people Impact of immigration issue, used as a political issue Our people provides both skilled and unskilled labour that helps economic development of the host countries

Impact of Caribbean cultural practices on countries abroad

Large presence of Caribbean nationals provides a cultural force Popularity of the Caribbean as a tourist destination Many Caribbean people travel abroad causing cultural assimilation [adaptation by foreigners].

Impact of Caribbean cultural practices on countries abroad

Cultural transmission through stage shows, migration and the mass media

Impact of our national festivals Nottinghill carnival [UK] Labour Day in Brooklyn Carnival in Miami

Caribana in Toronto Impact and adoption of Caribbean music Calypso music Pannists or steelband men [steel pan is the only musical instrument invented in the 20 th century

Popularity of reggae music: influence of Bob Marley and Jimmy Cliff Promotion of reggae music through festivals [local and foreign] Many north American and Japanese kids have adopted aspects of Caribbean culture such as corn row hair styles, braiding and use of Creole Reggae music being incorporated into the music of other countries

Japanese Sayoko has made a reworking of the Japaese pop classic Ue O Muite Aruko ( Sukiyaki) as an extended CD single that includes both Japanse and English versions set to a reggae beat Good vibrations wrote a protest song Election Time to protest the political victory of President Chamorro who opposed the revoluary Sandinistas

In Zambia, Rastafarians and reggae artists and fans shaped their own Sunsplash (Reggae festivals) outside Lusaka every year since 1990 In United States Reggae Grammy winner and icon Shaggys Boombastic, is being used by Madison Avenue to market its products, selling jeans for Levi Strauss

Reggae is generally being incorporated into other musical forms. One punk rock group in the USA, now produces crossover reggae they call Jah rock Reggaes popularity has so increased as part of the American culture that University of Vermont advertised a course in the Rhetoric of reggae on the Internet. This course became the most popular

Caribbean culinary practices

Caribbean is known for its culinary delights Generally limited influence apart from large concentrations of Caribbean nationals or those who visit the Caribbean

Religion: Rastafarianism
Evolved as an indigenous cult Conceptulized during the Great Revival of the late 1860s Cult perfected in the 1930s Leaders such as Marcus Garvey and Alexander Bedward of August Town stimulated this movement with their belief in racial diginity

In 1930, Ethiopian Prince, Ras Tafari Makkonen was crowned as the Emperor. He took onto himself the title Haile Selassie Power of the Trinity Individuals such as Leonard Howell, Joseph Hibbert and Archibald Dunkley, independently developed the doctrine of the Rastafarian movement

The Rastafarians are a group that maintains social solidarity and also rejected the traditional norms and values of society

Rastafarianism: beliefs
Rastafari, the late Haile Selassie I is God in the form of man They worship jah as their spiritual leader Africa is their spiritual home The Old Testament and Psalms are their sacred books: the written word of God

Rastafarianism: cultural practices

Non use of materialism Retreat from Babylon and forward to the hills of Zion They wear their hair as dreadlocks Smoke the holy weed Dress code includes : wearing of knitted tams and sandals and the carrying of Mosess rod

Their colours include red, green gold and black are symbolic to their religion They eat only natural food (itals) and never eat meat ( deaders) Rastafarians form tribes and live in communes, each tribe has a leader or chief who possesses power over all the other members

Girls are regarded as inferior to men and exist only for their pleasure Often women are seen walking behind their men, never in front or beside them

Rastafarianism: impact
Music Social justice Cutural impact: conflicts Bob Marley Exodus: Album of the century

Is Caribbean culture more popular abroad than within the Caribbean?

Issues in Caribbean development

Sustainable development Economic development Social development Economic growth without development

Indicators of development
Levels of income: GDP/GNP per capita Productivity Social and economic equalization Modern knowledge (technology) Improved institutions and attitudes Environmental factors

Factors that promote or hinder development

Political ideologies( Capitalism, communism, socialism, marxism); popular movements ( New Jewel Movement in Grenada). Distribution of wealth; resources; income generation Changing class boundaries, social stratification, social justice, social harmony and mutual advantage

Factors that hinders or promote development

Definition of Caribbean Experience and identity Natural and man-made disasters Impact of productive sector Tourism: contribution and challenges

Globalisation and development


Impact and response to globalisation

Industry and commerce Distributional sector (Supermarkets, department stores). Labour( unemployment, need for continuous upgrading of skills, knowledge-based world Technology( information, communication, telecommunications)

The integration movement

The evolution of: Federation,CARIFTA,CARICOM,OECS,& ACS Caribbean Community(CARICOM) University of the West Indies CXC WICB CTO CSME Regional Security System

Contributions of sport
Generation of income Health and fitness Educational opportunities Sense of Caribbean identity Discipline and morale Presence on the world scene Sports tourism

Intellectual traditions
Pan Africanism Negritude Industrialisation by invitation Maxism and Neo-Marxism Caribbean perspectives on British Capitalism Trends in Caribbean feminist thought Indigenous perspectives

Roles and functions of the mass media