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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Region 7 Center Biological Diversity and Protected Areas in relation with Carpathian Mountains

The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

The location of the Region 7 Center

The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

The surface of the Region is 34100 sqkm, representing 14,3% of the country surface. From an administrative point of view, Region 7 Center consists of six counties, that includes 57 towns (20 municipalities), 354 communes and 1784 villages.

The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Geographical features of Region 7 Center


The relief is varied, predominantly mountainous. The mountainous part is devided by canyons, gorges and passes.

The collines cover the whole Tarnave Plateau and the eastern part of the High Plane of Transylvania.
The hydrografic network is dominated by the upper and middle sectors of Olt and Mures basins.

The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Region 7 Center has a special biodiversity, three of the five bioregions present in the country are being well represented here: alpine, continental, and small steppe islands.

The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

The surface of Carpathian Mountains in Romania is 6887 sqkm


and 47% of this surface is in the Region 7 Center

The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Protected Natural Areas in the Region 7 Center


In Region 7 Center are 332 protected natural areas of which: International interest 1 Ramsar Site
European interest 81 NATURA 2000 Site: 18 Special Protection Areas (SPA) 63 Sites of Community Importance (SCI)

National interest 187 protected areas


3 National Parks 3 Natural Parks 151 Natural Reserves 2 Avifaunistic Areas 28 Nature Monuments

Local interest 63 protected areas


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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

NATURA 2000 Site in the Region 7 Center

The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

NATURA 2000 Site in the Carpathian Mountains

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

NATURA 2000 Site in the Region 7 Center

ROSCI0093 Slimnic steppe islands Sibiu County

ROSCI0122 Fagaras Mountains and ROSPA0099 Fagaras Piemont Sibiu and Brasov County

ROSCI0085 Frumoasa and ROSPA0043 Frumoasa Alba and Sibiu County


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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Protected Natural Areas of National Interest in the Region 7 Center

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Protected Natural Areas of National Interest in the Carpathian Mountains

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Protected Natural Areas of National Interest in the Region 7 Center

Zarnesti Gorges Brasov County

Suvara sasilor Sibiu County

Ramet Gorges Alba County Harghita grove swamp Harghita County


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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

52 Priority Habitats in the Region 7 Center


COASTAL AND HALOPHYTIC HABITATS
1 16 2 4 3 1

COASTAL SAND DUNES AND INLAND DUNES FRESHWATER HABITATS TEMPERATE HEATH AND SCRUB SCLEROPHYLLOUS SCRUB NATURAL AND SEMI-NATURAL GRASSLAND FORMATIONS
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5 7

RAISED BOGS AND MIRES AND FENS ROCKY HABITATS AND CAVES FORESTS

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Priority Habitats in the Region 7 Center

6520 Mountain hay meadows

4070 Scrub with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Priority Habitats in the Region 7 Center

8310 Caves not open to the public

7150 Depressions on peat substrates (Rhynchosporion) Rhynchospora, Drosera

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Priority Habitats in the Region 7 Center

9410 Acidophilous forests (Vaccinio-Piceetea)

9110 Acidophilous (LuzuloFagetum) beech forests

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

269 Priority species in the Region 7 Center

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MAMMALIA AVES REPTILE AMPHIBIA

103 62 19 7 5

PISCES NEVERTEBRATA PLANTES

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Priority species in the Region 7 Center

Ursus arctos

Myotis myotis

Canis lupus

Rupicapra rupicapra

Lynx lynx

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Priority species in the Region 7 Center

Triturus cristatus

Lucanus cervus

Aspius aspius

Rosalia alpina

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Priority species in the Region 7 Center

Tetrao urogallus Aquila pomarina

Crex crex

Ciconia ciconia

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Priority species in the Region 7 Center

Campanula serrata

Cypripedium calceolus

Saxifraga hirculus Pulsatilla patens

Iris aphylla ssp.hungarica


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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Direct threats
Loss and division of habitats caused by urbanization (illegal constructions in protected areas), development of infrastructure, operation of natural resources (woods are threatened by intensive cutting of trees), most of the habitats bordering agricultural lands. Abandonment of traditional systems of land use and agriculture. In some areas the number of animals decreased, pastures were abandoned and the flora changed. In other areas the number of animals by hectare is 2-3 times higher than the capacity of the pasture. Decrease of underground water reserves, as a result of hydrotechnical activities, which lead to partial or total distruction of dozens of hectares of woods. Excessive operation of ecosystems and species: industrial agriculture reduces soil resources, leads to severe erosion and ecosystem degradation. Improper organization of wood fruits reaping and hunting. Loss of wet lands as a result of turning them into arable fields, or construction material operation The danger of invasive plants.
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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Indirect threats Pollution: acid rains affect woods, eutrophization has a negative impact on wet lands. Uncontrolled waste landfilling in protected areas. Excessive use of pesticides has a negative impact on the fish, birds and animal species. Uncontrolled tourism in protected areas. Rare and endangered species trading. Stakeholder conflicts (landowners, forest owners etc.) Lack of funds and personnel on the part of the institutions that deal with biodiversity conservation. Lack of public awareness and poor ecological education in schools Climate changes have a medium and long term effect, leading to global warming which can determine irreversible changes on large areas, compromising species of fauna and flora.

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Ecological Connectivity
Main problems

lack of connectivity between fragments of natural habitat

declared protected areas natural and artificial barriers that occur between habitats human-natural habitat relationship

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Ecological Connectivity
Distribution of large carnivores in the Region 7 Center

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Ecological Connectivity
Evolution of large carnivore populations in the Region 7 Centre

Ursus arctos 2010 Ursus arctos 2011 Canis lupus 2010 Canis lupus 2011 Lynx lynx 2010 Lynx lynx 2011

Alba

Brasov

Covasna

Harghita

Mures

Sibiu

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The Regional Environment Protection Agency Sibiu

Conservation and biodiversity planning measures


Analyze of degradation and fragmentation level of the species habitats.

Elaboration of an efficient method for evaluates the actual conservation status of species population in the Natura 2000 sites.
Elaboration of a strategy for implementing public awareness

campaigns
Public awareness rising campaign Prevention of disturbance from human activities
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Contacts: Regional Agency for Environmental Protection SIBIU Street Hipodromului No. 2A, 550360 Sibiu Phone : +40269232806, Fax: +40269444145 E-mail: office@arpmsb.anpm.ro Website: http://arpmsb.anpm.ro

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