Sie sind auf Seite 1von 30

Evaluated by: Dr.

Ashok Sood

presented By: Gurbir Singh

Corruption

Corruption In Politics
Washington Times reported that nearly a fourth of the 540

Indian Parliament members faced criminal charges, "including human trafficking, immigration rackets, embezzlement, rape and even murder"

Biggest scandals
Bofers scandal

2G scam

Fodder scam ( chara

ghotala )

Corruption In administration
Corruption In administration Officials often steal state

property. In Bihar, more than 80% of the subsidized food aid to poor is stolen. In Government Hospitals, corruption is associated with non availability of medicines (or duplicate medicines), getting admission and consultations with doctors.

MOST CORRUPTED STATES


Bihar
J&K karnataka

Corruption In Judiciary
Reasons delays in the disposal of cases shortage of judges and complex procedures all of which are exacerbated by a preponderance of new laws

Effects
Effects The chief economic consequences of corruption

are the loss to the exchequer.


Creates unhealthy climate for investment and an increase

in the cost of government-subsidized services.

Conti
TI India study estimates the monetary value of petty

corruption in 11 basic services provided by the government, like education, healthcare, judiciary, police, etc.., to be around Rs.21,068 cr.

Anti-corruption efforts
Institutional set-up for fighting corruption in India:

Relevant constitutional provisions


Agencies of state govt.
Criminal law: Concurrent subject. Both the

central & state governments have jurisdiction


Implies the central govt. agencies have to take

concurrence of the state government for investigating a corruption offence

Anti- corruption institutions of the central government


Prevention of Corruption Act, 1987
Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) Chief Vigilance Officers (CVO s) in various ministries

and organizations

Prevention of Corruption Act, 1987


Define the duties of public servants
Fixation of time Assets disproportionate
Scope of the Act

Central Bureau of Investigation


A police organization
Need of state government permition In practice, blanket permission by the states to

investigate corruption offences by central government employees

Conti..
Accountability of CBI
Initially set up as an anti-corruption agency. Now takes

up all sorts of case-heinous crimes, terrorism etc.


Members of CBI

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)


Set up in 1964 as the apex organization for

maintaining probity in public life Causes complaints to be enquired into Monitors/conducts disciplinary proceedings involving corruption Prior to 1998, not much teeth Advising not binding on the government, however disagreement cases mentioned in annual report, placed before parliament

Chief Vigilance Officers (CVO s)


Who have CVO.

Accountability of CVO
Duties of CVO All cases of suspected corruption referred to

him

If India has some agencies and laws against corruption so why the corruption is biggest problem in India?

Reasons
All the Agencies are under the government control
Political pressure Complex law

India against corruption

Anti- corruption law


Draft-Lokpal bill

Jan-lokpal bill

Lokpal effects in Singapore


In Singapore LOKPAL bill was implemented in 1982

and 142 corrupt ministers and officers were arrested in one single day
Today Singapore has only 1% poor people, 92% literacy

rate, better facilities are available at very cheap prices, 90% money is white and only 1% unemployment exists.

Anna Hazares Protest for Jan Lokpal Bill


Anna Hazares Protest for Jan Lokpal Bill On 5 April

2011, Anna Hazare initiated a movement by beginning fast unto death at Jantar Mantar, New Delhi Movement gained momentum with support of Indias youth

Indias future with the Jan Lokpal Bill

It has forgotten corruption has many variants that no single law can end.

So what would be

need to do ?

Change from top to bottom


Similar changes are required in the states. The situation

there is much more alarming. For example the average conviction rate in anti-corruption cases there: 30%, compared to CBIs 70%

The Supreme Court had asked the center to advise the

states in this regard. The advice has not been heeded

Conti.
The procedure for disciplinary proceedings needs

much simplification. At present there are multiple stages and too much opportunity to the accused to defend himself

In cases of promotion, the procedure for vigilance

clearance should be clearly defined

Thank You

Conti..
Urgent need to set up special courts. States have to do

this

The rule that those whose performance is not up to the

mark can be retired after 50 should be used to weed out the corrupt