Sie sind auf Seite 1von 12

NEW YORK FIVE

INTRODUCTION MUSEUM OF MODERN ART FIVE ARCHITECTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

PETER EISENMAN MICHAEL GRAVES CHARLES GWATHMEY RICHARD MEIER JOHN QUENTIN HEJDUK

Refers to a group of five New York City architects (Peter

Eisenman, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk and Richard Meier) whose photographed work was the subject of a CASE (Committee of Architects for the Study of the Environment) meeting at the Museum of Modern Art, organized by Arthur Drexler and Colin Rowe in 1969, These five had a common allegiance to a pure form of architectural modernism, harkening back to the work of Le Corbusier .

John Hejduk, the oldest of the five, is known as a pedagogue and the

visionary composer of drawings, buildings, poetry, and theoretical writings from the mid-1950s on. Charles Gwathmey is known for his prolific practice (a partnership with Robert Siegel). While Gwathmey remained true to modernist style, the purity of his work is tempered by the evolving capital realities of corporate and public commissions. Meier is similarly prolific, yet known best for a continuous refinement of the purist voyage on which they initially embarked. Meier's buildings remain truest to the modernist aesthetic and especially to a neo-Corbusier form. Eisenman, the most printed writer of the five was perhaps the one who best navigated the line between theory and practice. And along with this navigation came infamy as a critic. Eisenman is famed for his associations with Deconstructivism.

MoMA is an art

museum in Midtown Manhattan in New York City (on 53rd Street) between Fifth and Sixth Avenues. It has been important in developing and collecting modernist art Identified as the most influential museum of modern art in the world. Offers an overview of modern and contemporary art, including works of architecture and design, drawing, painting, sculpture, photography, prints, illus trated books and artist's books, film, and electronic media.

The archives contain primary source material related to the history of modern and contemporary art. It also houses a restaurant, The Modern, run by Alsaceborn chef Gabriel Kreutzer.

MoMA's library and archives hold over 300,000 books, artist books, and periodicals, as well as individual files on more than 70,000 artists.

Born August 11,1932 an American architect. Discovered architecture as an

undergraduate at Cornell University and gave up his position on the swimming team in order to immerse himself in the architecture program there. He received a Bachelor of Architecture Degree from Cornell, a Master of Architecture Degree from Columbia University's Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation, and M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Cambridge. Also received an honorary degree from Syracuse University School of Architecture in 2007.

MICHAEL GRAVES
Born on July 9, 1934) An American architect, Indianapolis.

Known first for his contemporary building designs

and some prominent public commissions Directs the firm Michael Graves & Associates, which has offices in Princeton and in New York City. Graves and his firm have earned critical acclaim for a wide variety of commercial and residential buildings and interior design Graves was elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) in 1979. In 1999 Graves was awarded the National Medal of Arts, in 2001 the AIA Gold Medal, in 2010 the AIA Topaz Medal, and in 2012 the Driehaus Prize for Classical Architecture. He is also a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council. In 2000 he designed the unique scaffolding used for the restoration of the Washington Monument in DC Concerned about Target's partnerships with other designers with less-successful outcomes, he explored other relationships to bring products to consumers.

Born on June 19, 1938 Charlotte. An American architect. One of Gwathmey most famous designs is the 1992 renovation of Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum in New York City. Gwathmey served as President of the Board of Trustees for The Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies and was elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1981.

Born 19 July 1929 An American architect, artist and educator

of Czech origin who spent much of his life in New York City, USA. Noted for his use of attractive and often difficult-to-construct objects and shapes; also for a profound interest in the fundamental issues of shape, organization, representation, and reciprocity. His early work and curriculum grew from a set of exercises exploring cubes, grids, and frames, through an examination of square grids placed within diagonal containers set against an occasional curving wall.

Born October 12, 1934) is an

American abstract artist and architect, whose geometric designs make prominent use of the color white
Meier worked for Skidmore, Owings and

Merrill briefly in 1959, and then for Marcel Breuer for three years, prior to starting his own practice in New York in 1963. Identified as one of The New York Five in 1972, his commission of the Getty Center in Los Angeles, California catapulted his popularity into the mainstream. Richard Meier & Partners Architects has offices in New York and Los Angeles with current projects ranging from China and Tel Aviv to Paris and Hamburg.

Early in his career, Meier worked with artists such as

painter Frank Stella and favored structure that were white and geometric. Much of Meier's work builds on the work of architects of the early to mid-20th century, especially that of Le Corbusier and, in particular, Le Corbusier early phase. Meier has built more using Corbusier ideas than anyone, including Le Corbusier]. Meier expanded many ideas evident in Le Corbusier work, particularly the Villa Savoye and the Swiss Pavilion.