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AN OVERVIEW OF ECONOMIC PLANNING IN INDIA

MANOJ KUMAR PRADHAN 13DM096

INTRODUCTION
Economic Planning is to make decision with respect to the use of resources. Economic Planning is a term used to describe the long term plans of government to coordinate and develop the economy.

Economic planning in India was stared in 1950 is necessary for economic development and economic growth.

NEED FOR ECONOMIC PLANNING


Mass Poverty And Low Per Capita Income High Rate of Growth of Population Low Level of Literacy Backward Technology Social And Economic Problem Created By Partition of country

OBJECTIVES OF ECONOMIC PLANNING


Economic Growth.

Reduction Of Economic In Equalities.


Balanced Regional Development. Modernization. Reduction Of Unemployment.

Members Of Planning Commission Of India


Chairman - Dr. Manmohan Singh (Prime Minister)

Deputy Chairman

- Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia

FIVE YEAR PLANS


The economy of India is based in part on planning through its five year plans which are developed, executed and monitored by planning commission . The eleventh plan completed its terms in march 2011 and the twelfth plan is currently underway . 1. First five year plan(1951-1956)

2.
3. 4. 5.

Second five year plan (1956-1961)


Third five year plan (1961-1966) Fourth five year plan (1969-1974) Fifth five year plan (1974-1979)

6.
7. 8. 9.

Sixth five year plan (1980-1985)


Seventh five year plan(1985-1990) Eighth five year plan(1992-1997) Ninth five year plan(1997-2002)

10. Tenth five year plan (2002-2007)


11. Eleventh five year plan (2007-2012) 12. Twelfth five year plan (2012-2017)

TWELFTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (20122017)


Average GDP Growth of 8 percent Agriculture Growth of 4 percent Reducing head-count poverty by 10 percentage point Generating 50 million work opportunities Eliminating gender and social gap in education Enhance infrastructure investment to 9% of GDP Achieve universal road connectivity and access to power for all villages Access to banking services for 90 percent households Major welfare benefits and subsidies via Aadhaar

EDUCATION

Reduce dropout rates of children from elementary school from 52.2% in 2003-04 to 20% by 2011-12.
Increase literacy rate for persons of age 7 years or more to 85%. Lower gender gap in literacy to 10 percentage points.

WOMEN AND CHILDREN


Ensure that at least 33 percent of the direct and indirect beneficiaries of all government schemes are women and girl children. Ensure that all children enjoy a safe childhood, without any compulsion to work.

ENVIRONMENT
Increase forest and tree cover by 5 percentage points.

Attain WHO standards of air quality in all major cities by 2011-12.


Treat all urban waste water by 2011-12 to clean river waters. Increase energy efficiency by 20 percentage points by 2016-17.

CONCLUSION
Economic Planning help in mobilizing and allocating the resources in desired manner. Objective of economic planning is to reduce inequality, economic growth, balanced regional growth, modernization. Each five year plan aims at achieving certain target. Five year plan constitute the steps toward the fulfillment of objectives of economic planning.

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