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5G-Super Critical Infrastructure

The mobile phone turns 40

3G

4G

1973

1983 1992

1993 1996

1999

2000

2002

2006 2003 2007

2007 2012

2013 2013

Long Ago, People Danced @ Concerts, Now They Video / Click / Share / Tweet

Intelligent transportation

Safety (e.g, zero accident..) Support (e.g, Journey Planner) Navigation-real time maps Security (e.g., asset tracking/ Anti-theft/insurance) Efficiency (e.g., fleet management, Road Traffic management,)

Smart homes

Security/alarms/video
Home networking Media or family data storage Connected appliances Telecare and monitoring

Remote patient management


Assisted living Energy/water management

Future is about connectivity


Communications & Control Towards Digital Economy and Society
Modernisation of aging industries
Transportation Energy Manufacturing Health

Smart Homes, Cities and Countries

Communication Networks becoming Super National Critical Infrastructure

Energy & Electricity

Water

Food

Transportation

Critical Infrastructures
Public health
Government services

Telecommunications & ICT

By connecting the other National Critical Infrastructures

Penetration of various technologies, 2011


Population-weighted rates Developing Economies (109) 81.3 Advanced Economies (35) 110.7 All Economies (144) 85.7 Customers

Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions per 100 pop.

>5B

Active mobile broadband subscriptions per 100 pop.

8.8

64.8

17.0

Percentage of individuals using the Internet

25.0

77.3

32.8

~2B

Source: ITUs World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database 2012 (December 2012 edition).

Control and Modernisation of other industries

Still 99% of THINGS are not connected

Data Tsunami

UK industry benefits of big data, million, 201117 (2011 prices)


Industry Manufacturing Retail Other activities Professional services Central government Healthcare Telecommunications Transport and logistics Retail banking Energy and utilities Investment banking Insurance 2011 5,965 3,406 3,446 3,039 2,517 1,450 1,465 1,360 708 660 554 517 201217 45,252 32,478 27,929 27,649 20,405 14,384 13,740 12,417 6,408 5,430 5,275 4,595

UK economy (total)

25,087

215,964

Source: CBER, 2012.

Trends and Drivers


all compared with 2010
By 2015 No of Mobile Phones Mobile traffic 7Bn By 2020 50 Bn Connected Devices X 1000 By 2030 500 Bn Connected Devices X 1,000,000

26 fold (CISCO) Mobile to Mobile traffic; 295 Petabytes per month Video 2/3 of Traffic One Second of video uploads on Net takes 2 years to watch

Annual Expenditure (Mobile Services Only)

$1.7 Tn

$3 Tn

Enabled by smart phones and broadband Trends and mobile Drivers

The Internet!

Internet Services Trend


Internet is getting more complex with rich multi-media content

Web pages getting more complex Video and HD


Average file size on the web = 10 MBytes Video accounts for ~99% of all bytes transferred

Mobile/Wireless Services Trend


6Bn mobile subscriptions 200M smartphones sold every quarter

120M apps downloaded every day


4Bn YouTube views every day 3Bn social media profiles globally

1Bn active Facebook users, 600M mobile


200Bn photos in Facebook 500M Twitter accounts

200,000 tweets every minute


Source: NSN-2013

Wireless Standards Evolution 5G


Next generation Global standard around 2020

1983

1991

2001

2011
Research & Std

2021

2031

2041

5G

Research & Std

4G LTE/LTE-Advanced

Research & Std

3G WCDMA/HSPA/HSPA +

Research & Std

2G GSM/GPRS/EDGE

1G - TACS

Timescale getting shorter between Research/Standardisation and Commercialisation

Trends and Drivers

All services are important

The Internet!

Research Problems

Spectrum Crunch
Energy Efficiency Latency

Why Higher Speed

3 reasons
Low latency: Full utilisation of advanced techniques potentials QoE: Fast network responses

See next

Fixed & Mobile data rate evolution

100 Mbps

FTTH 100Mbps
VDSL 25Mbps LTE 10-100 Mbps

10 Mbps ADSL 3Mbps ADSL 1Mbps

HSPA+ 5-30Mbps
HSPA 2-4Mbps HSDPA 1Mbps

1 Mbps

100 kbps GSM 9.6 kbps

56k 28.8k

3G R9 384k 128k GPRS 38 kbps

10 kbps
4.8.k 2.4k 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

Fixed Data Mobile Data 2010

Energy Efficiency

Dynamic provisioning of resources Data and Signalling resources separation Reduce in signalling Reduce in energy consumption Cutting Energy, Cost and RF Emission

Signalling

Off
By saving signalling

User data Standby

Today Deployment for 2020 traffic Separating signalling and data system