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About IAEA Current Issues IAEA and India

The Little Boy and The Fat Man 6th August 1945

Brief History

1946: UN Atomic Energy Commission

1953 : US President Dwight Eisenhowers Atoms For Peace address to the UN General Assembly
1955: UN conference on Peaceful uses of atomic energy at Geneva 1956: Statute signed by 70 countries

Head Quarters At Vienna

151 Members
Autonomous Body Reports both to UN General Assembly and Security Council Present Director General: Yukiya Amano

Board of Governors
13 Designated members by the outgoing board & 22 Elected by the GC Tenures 1 year and 2 years resp.

General Conference
All 151 Member States Each member has 1 vote

General Service Staff of IAEA Headed by the Director General

Functions of Board Of Governors

Making most of the policy Make recommendations to GC on budget Appointment of Director General

Publication of IAEA standards

Members have 1 vote

General Conference
Serves as a forum for debate Yearly meetings Voting : Complex issues 2/3rd majority all other issues simple majority
Functions similar to UN General Assembly

IAEAs Budget

Regular Budget
Technical Co Operation Fund

Assigned to the Members 296 million Euro

By Voluntary Contributions 85 million Euro

Objectives of IAEA
To accelerate and enlarge the contribution of atomic energy to peace, health, and prosperity throughout the world and such assistance is not used in such a way as to further any military purpose

Three Pillars of IAEA

Safety & Security

Science & Technology
Safeguards & Verification


Establishment of Health and safety standards Administration of Safeguards programme Accountability, Containment, Surveillance

Technical Assistance
Aid in Nuclear Research and

Technical means applied by IAEA to ensure that nuclear equipment or materials are used exclusively for nuclear purpose through Nuclear Accountability Containment Surveillance

Conventions and Programmes

Convention on Civil Liability for nuclear damage 1977 Convention on physical protection of nuclear material 1987 Convention on Nuclear Safety 1994 Technical Assistance Programme for Developing Countries Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT) 2004 Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC)


International Laboratory of Marine Radioactivity Monaco International Center for Theoretical Physics Trieste Italy International Nuclear Information System Siebersdorf Austria International Seismic Safety Centre Vienna

Major Accomplishment

2005 Nobel Peace Prize

Mohammed El Baradei Egypt

Current Issues
IAEA rated the nuclear accident at Fukushima as Level 7 major accident on the INES scale IAEA sent a dedicated Action Team under Deputy Director General to Fukushima April 2011 Meeting in Austria to Scrutinize safety at each others facilities (Peer Review) IAEA halved its estimate of additional nuclear generating capacity to be built by 2035

Current Issues
IAEA published a report on Iran using the nuclear facilities for weapon production and testing in contravention to its NPT obligations

Iran has slammed the report

Issue in discussion since 2003,UNSC sanctions UKs announcement of financial sanctions and end of diplomatic relations

IAEA and India

2008 Agreement on Nuclear safeguards for civilian nuclear facilities When fully implemented, will serve as the framework for importing of both nuclear reactors and the fuel to power them over their lifetime.

IAEA implemented the new Safeguards Agreement in 2009 to bring 14 Indian reactors under Agency safeguards by 2014.

2010 :India signed the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage
CAG of India appointed as an external auditor to IAEA


It only recommends standards, the members are not required to comply Allegedly works on the western interests Slow and tardy response to Fukushima



Director Generals of IAEA

Sterling Cole US (1957-1961)

Sigvard Eklund Swden (1961-1981)

Hans Blix-Sweden (1981-1997)

Mohammed El Baradei Egypt

Yukiya Amano Japan (2009- Present)

Indias Nuclear Policy

Minimum No

Credible Deterrence

1st Use 2nd Attack



Disarmament and Peaceful Use

The International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale

Regional Safeguard Offices
Toronto Tokyo

New York Liaison Offices Geneva Vienna Seibersdorf Monaco