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Gear Box Industrial Applications

1 V.J.MANDRAWADKER

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Contents:
Introduction

Gear/Gear Box
Types of Gears Types of Gear Boxes Construction of Gear Boxes Applications of Gear Boxes Conclusion
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Introduction:

Every machine works at different speeds.But the prime mover say motor runs at fixed RPM, say 1440,2800 etc. Hence it becomes necessary to reduce the speed of the motor. Therefore one assembly known as GearBox will be used in between motor and output machine.

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Gear: A gear is a cylindrical part having cut teeth on

its periphery , which mesh with another toother part (gear) in order to transmit torque. Gear Box: A gear box is a mechanical method of transferring energy from one device to another and is used to increase torque while reducing speed. It is an assembly of Gears, shafts, bearings, keys, bearing covers, oilrings , oilseals and a casing to house all these machine elements.

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Types of Gears: Spur Helical

Bevel
Worm Spiral Planetary

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Types of Gears
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Classification of Gear Boxes: Gear Boxes are

classified as per the following criterion. a) As per the type of gears used i) Spur ii) Helical iii Bevel iv) Worm v) Spiral vi) Planetary
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b) As per the assembly of gear box

i) Horizontal ii) Vertical

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Construction of Gear Boxes: Every gear box contains the following elements. i) Gear box Housing or casing

ii) Gears
iii) Shafts iv) Bearings v) Bearing covers vi) Keys vii) Oil seals/oil rings
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Gear boxes are widely used in Industries.It is

difficult to make a full list, however the following list gives majority of applications. 1. Electric Overhead Travelling Cranes 2. Machine Tools e.g.Lathe,Drilling machines,Milling machines,Grinding machines 3. Sugar machinery 4. Cement machinery 5. Automobiles 6. Material handling equipments
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Conclusions: Gear box is an essential unit of every machine.

Because machine runs with specific speeds/torque which are to be provided as per the need of material,tool and customer.

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Thank You
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