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By P.

Suresh kumar EEE

INTRODUCTION
The last quarter of the 20th century has been a period

of remarkable progress in the development of power electronics technology that lies at the heart of these industrial drives and electric traction drives . This progress in power electronics technology has been largely driven by the appearance of successive generations of gate-controlled power switches

POWER ELECTRONICS SWITCHES


Diode
Power MosFET BJT(Bipolar Junction Transistor)

SCR(Silicon Controlled Rectifier)


IGBT(Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) GTO(Gate Turnoff Thyristors)

Applications
Rail Traction:

Rail transport systems have been a major application area for electric drives since the earliest days of electric machines Industrial Drives: Prior to the availability of electronics, clever electromechanical solutions involving combinations of dc and ac machines (e.g., Krmer and Scherbius systems)

Recent Trend Rail Traction


In recent trend of power electronics , rail traction is easy to maintain &

control. Control of motor speed is possible to attain sufficient speed. Fuel cost are reduced.

Rail electric traction system configurations

Catenary Supply System

Diesel-Electric system

Main Components
Rectifier:

Catenary AC supply can be converted into DC supply by using diode & SCRs power electronic devices Dynamic breaking: It is a electrical circuit used for break the motor (or) reduce the speed of motor Inverter: The output of DB is applied to Inverter through capacitor Ac Induction Traction Motor: The output of Inverter can be applied to AC Induction Traction motor

Advantages
lower running cost
lower maintenance cost higher power-to-weight ratio, resulting in
faster acceleration
higher practical limit of power higher limit of speed

less noise pollution (quieter operation)


reduced power loss at higher altitudes (for power loss see

Diesel engine) independent from crude oil fuel reduced environmental pollution, even if electricity is produced by fossil fuels

Disadvantages:
electrification cost, electrification requires & to be

built around the existing tracks at a significant cost. Costs are especially high when tunnels, bridges and other obstructions have to be altered for clearance. Another aspect than can raise the cost of elctrification are the alterations or upgrades to railway signalling needed for new traffic characteristics Maintenance costs of the lines may be increased,

CONCLUSION
This past decade has witnessed mojar advanced in power electronics technology for traction drives These advances have made it possible to significantly improve the electrical performance of these systems while simultaneously reducing their size and weight and, perhaps most importantly, reducing their cost. As the cost of power switches and their driver circuitry continues to diminish , trends toward increasing the proportion of active silicon-based power electronics in future drive products at the expense of passive components (i.e., capacitors, inductors , transformers) THANKING YOU

Questions???.

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