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International regulation for

preventing collision at sea

Graduated : Gabriel Stoica
Scientific Coordinator : Marian Srbu
Classification and
destination of merchant

Until the 20th Century, ships generally,
were all-purpose cargo vessels, with very
little specialization. All cargoes were
carried in general purpose holds, or on
deck. Modern commercial vessels are
designed and built to carry specific cargo

A cargo ship is a sort of ship or vessel
that carries cargo, goods, and materials
from one port to another. Cargo ships
are usually specially designed for the
task, often being equipped
with cranes and other mechanisms to
load and unload, and come in all sizes.
A reefer ship is a type of ship typically used to
transport perishable commodities which
require temperature-controlled transportation,
mostly fruits, meat, fish, vegetables, dairy
products and other foodstuffs.
Semi-submerging heavy lift ship
capable of lifting another ship out of
the water and transporting it to its
Heavy lift ship
equipped with
a crane specialized in
lifting heavy loads.
Container ships are cargo
ships that carry all of their load in
truck-size intermodal containers,
in a technique called

The acronym ROPAX (roll
on/roll off passenger)
describes a RORO vessel built
for freight vehicle transport
along with passenger
Car-carrier is a
type of RO-RO ship
designed to carry
automobiles on
multiple decks.
The ConRo vessel is a hybrid
between a RORO and a container
ship. This type of vessel has a
below-decks area used for vehicle
storage while stacking containers
on the top decks.
BACO (Barge Container Ship) - vessels that
carry both conventional shipping containers,
and barges that are loaded through doors in
the bow.
SEABEE ship load barges by a
2,000-ton-capacity submersible
stern elevator.
Lighter aboard ship (LASH) a ship that
carries unpowered barges (lighters) ,which are
loaded using a large gantry crane.
A bulk carrier, bulk freighter, or bulker is
a merchant ship specially designed to
transport unpackaged bulk cargo, such as
grains, coal, ore, cereals, cement in its cargo
Name Size in DWT
Handysize 10.000 to 35.000
Handymax 35.000 to 59.000
Panamax 60.000 to 80.000
Capesize 80.000 and over
Tankers are cargo ships for
the transport of fluids, such as
crude oil, petroleum products,
liquefied petroleum gas,
liquefied natural gas and
chemicals, also vegetable oils,
wine and other food
Class Size in DWT
Seawaymax 10.000 to 60.000
Panamax 60.000 to 80.000
Aframax 80.000 to 120.000
Suezmax 120.000 to 200.000
VLCC(Malaccamax) 200.000 to 320.000
ULCC 320.00 to 550.000
A cruise ship or cruise liner is a passenger ship
used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage
itself and the ship's amenities are part of the
experience, as well as the different
destinations along the way. Transportation is
not the prime purpose, as cruise ships operate
mostly on routes that return passengers to
their originating port, so the ports of call are
usually in a specified region of a continent.
An ocean liner is a ship designed to
transport people from one seaport to
another along regular long-
distance maritime routes according to a
schedule. Liners may also carry cargo or
mail, and may sometimes be used for
other purposes
A ferry (or ferryboat) is a boat or ship used to
carry (or ferry) primarily passengers, and
sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a
body of water. Most ferries operate on regular,
frequent, return services.
A livestock carrier, as the
name suggests, is a large ship
used in the live
export of sheep, cattle and go
ats. They are specially built
new or converted
from container ships.
Pair trawlers
Side trawlers
Stern trawlers
Freezer trawlers
Wet fish trawlers
Seiners use surrounding
and seine nets. This is a
large group ranging from
open boats as small as 10
meters in length, to ocean
going vessels.
Tuna fishing vessel
Whale hunting boat
Training ship
Research vessel Cable vessel Ice breaker
Light ship
Rescue vessel
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