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19-May-14 1

Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use



S. Sankaran
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Specification for CS Welding Electrodes

AWS A - 5.1

IS - 814


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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Classification as per AWS A-5.1
E X X X X - X
Suffix indicates Toughness,
Hydrogen, Coating moisture
Type of coating, type of current,
Nature of arc,
penetration characteristic
Welding psosition
Tensile strength of weldmetal in kpsi
Denotes Electrode
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
IS 814
E B X X X X H J
Metal recovery 120%
Hydrogen control < 15ml / 100gm
Welding current
Welding Position
%E and Impact at specified temp
UTS and YS
Coating type basic
Covered electrode
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Attributes of a welding electrode which can be
defined for the purpose of a specification are

Dimension
Electrode length
Wire diameter
Limits for coating eccentricity
Packing
Types
Marking & Identification
Properties of weld metal
Chemical Composition
Mechanical Properties
Soundness of weld metal
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
A specification for a product defines those
attributes which can be quantified and readily
measured.

In the case of Welding Electrodes, many of the
attributes quantified are those of the WELDMETAL
derived from the electrode rather than the
ELECTRODE itself. ( How the weld metal is
derived from the electrode can cause variations in
the properties )
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
So, preparation of a Standard Test
Weld is a part of the specification for
Welding Electrodes

The defined attributes are measured
on the Standard Test Weld which may
not be representative of the weld in
any particular application
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Specification for welding electrodes must
be viewed as a way of classifying the
types of electrodes, rather than as a
way of defining the performance

Performance of the electrode wrt a WPS
is measured in a Procedure Qualification
Test
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Packing of Electrodes

Cardboard carton
Plastic cartons
Vacuum sealed in Al foil
Hermetically sealed cans
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Electrode Identification

Colour coding Tip and/or grip end
Name Printing Brand Name and/or Spec
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Recommended Storage for Electrodes

Below 50% relative humidity
Between 20 to 40 degree C
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Shelf life of Electrodes

Depends on
Type of packing
Storage condition
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Conditioning of Electrodes before use

Baking at 150 to 300 deg C
depending on type of electrode

Holding above 100 deg C till use
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Welding Electrodes
Proper Use & Preventing Mis-use
Wastage of Electrodes

Tip damage
Coating damage
Stub loss