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Basic EMT IV Therapy

Dawn Daniels RN, CCRN


Tucson Medical Center
Pre-hospital Program

Agenda for the day.
Base Hospital & ADHS/BEMS policy review
Anatomy & physiology
Identifying the purposes of IV infusions
IV solutions
Setting up an IV
IV catheters
Selecting the IV site
Starting the IV
Complications
Trouble-shooting
Removing the IV line
Case Reviews
Drip calculations


Prerequisites:

Certified EMT-Basic, under Medical Direction Course Competencies
This course is designed to develop the following course competencies:

Identify the need for fluid resuscitation in pediatric and adult victims
Identify and describe the vascular anatomy and venous access for the
pediatric or adult victims
Identify and differentiate isotonic, hypotonic, and hypertonic solutions;
Select fluids, set up and manage equipment
Identify and demonstrate aseptic and safety techniques
Identify and describe indications and contraindications for intravenous site
selection
Perform all peripheral intravenous cannulation techniques, monitor infusion
Demonstrate 100% accuracy in intravenous techniques in selected scenarios
Demonstrate 85% proficiency on a written examination.
R9-25-505. Protocol for IV Access by an EMT-B

A. In this Section, unless the context otherwise requires, EMS provider agency means the emergency
medical services provider or the ambulance service for whom the EMT-B is acting
as an EMT-B.

B. An EMT-B is authorized to perform IV access only after completing training that meets all requirements
established in Exhibit 1.

C. Before performing IV access, an EMT-B trained in IV access shall have received prior written approval from
the EMT-Bs EMS provider agency and from an administrative medical director who agrees to provide medical
direction for the EMT-B.

D. An EMT-B shall perform IV access only under on line medical direction, under standing orders approved by
the administrative medical director, or under the direction of a currently certified EMT-I or EMT-P who is also
attending the patient upon whom the EMT-B is to perform the procedure.

E. The administrative medical director shall be responsible for quality assurance and skill maintenance, and
shall record and maintain a record of the EMT-Bs IV access attempts.

F. An EMT-B trained in this optional procedure shall have a minimum of 5 IV starts per year. If less than 5, the
EMT-B shall participate in a supervised base hospital clinical experience in
which to obtain the minimum of 5 IV starts.
SAEMS PRE- HOSPITAL PROTOCOLS 75
SCOPE OF PRACTICE ADMINISTRATIVE 2.9
I. PURPOSE
This protocol defines the scope of authority afforded to prehospital providers in the
performance of their duties with and without on-line medical direction. This protocol
will enable the pre-hospital provider to understand all skills allowed without on-line
medical direction, specialized skills allowed with proof of training and skills allowed
only AFTER on-line medical direction has concurred.

II. DEFINITIONS
A. STANDARD PERMISSIVE SKILLS
Standard permissive skills are defined as skills that MAY be performed by pre-
hospital personnel after approved initial training WITHOUT on-line medical
direction. No telemetry or verbal orders are needed prior to the initiation of these
skills for stabilization. Verification of on-going competency skill assessments must
be obtained every two (2) years.
B. EXPANDED SCOPE OF PRACTICE: NON PERMISSIVE

Expanded practice is defined as skills allowed by
prehospital personnel with advanced training in the specific
area. Prior approval of administrative medical direction
authority is required. These skill MAY require on-line
medical direction at the discretion of the medical direction
authority.
ALS

BLS

HAZ-MAT drug antidote therapy by toxicology paramedics Activated Charcoal Administration

Inter-facility IV infusion pump monitoring
Automatic transport ventilators
Immunization Administration
Adult I/O
Rapid Sequence Intubation
CPAP
Patient Assisted Nitroglycerin Tablets
or Spray
Patient Assisted Nitroglycerin Tablets
EMT IV Access Skills
Endotracheal Intubation
Combitube Insertion

GUIDELINES

Pre-Hospital Intravenous Access by EMT-Basic
guidelines:
One (1) hour yearly review of curriculum related to
Intravenous Therapy.
Five (5) successful IV starts in 6 month period (Jan. thru
end of June----July thru end of December).
Use of QA form related to EMT-B IV Access for each
encounter and attached it to the Patient Care Report.
Ongoing use of EMT-B IV Therapy form. Form to be
reviewed randomly by Pre-Hospital Manager and QA/QI
Officer, and at end of 6 months. Cycle describe above.
EMT-B will be limited to three (3) attempts at IV access
peripherally per patient for this incident.
EMT-B will not initiate IV access on any patient less than
6 years of age.
It is an expectation that any problems related to this
advanced skill will immediately be brought to the
immediate attention of the Pre-Hospital Manager.
PROTOCOL


ON-LINE MEDICAL DIRECTION

EMT-I OR EMT-P GIVES YOU AN ORDER
THAT IS ATTENDING THE SAME
PATIENT

STANDING ORDERS
ALLERGIC REACTION
CHEST PAIN
Hypoglycemia
HYPERTERMIA
NAUESA AND VOMITING
SEIZURE



QA PROCESS
EMT-BASIC IV ACCESS QA FORM
Incident #: _________________ Date: _______________
EMT #: _________________ Name: ______________(EMT-B)
Agency: ________________
Patient Age: _________________ Sex: M F
BLS on scene time: ________
IV start time: _________
IV start on scene: Y/N IV start enroute: Y/N
Type of fluid: ______________________
Total volume infused: _______________
Medical Control Authorization: Circle One
On-Line base hospital patch time: _________
Standing Orders ( attach SO form)
Paramedic/IEMT Direction
Ambulance on scene time: ____________
ALS on scene time: ____________
ALS meds given by IV Y/N Time given: __________
EMT IV attempts: ______
If greater than 2 give reason:
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Complications: Y/N SUCCESSFUL/UNSUCCESSFUL
Describe:
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
Patient Outcome:
_____________________________________________________________
Incident # Jan S U FEB S U MAR S U APR S U MAY S U JUN S U JUL S U AUG S U SEP S U OCT S U NOV S U DEC S U
IV LOG
Introduction
Knowing the anatomy will aid you in
performing your skills, even when
you cannot see the veins.
After this block of instruction you
should be able to differentiate
between veins and arteries, and show
where these items can be found.
What is skin?
What is an artery?
Where are arteries found?
What is a vein?
Where are veins found?
What is blood?

Question:

Some questions well need to
answer
Skin
Covers the entire body and acts as a protective layer
between the body and the environment.
The main functions of the skin are:
Protection from harmful influences
Control of body temperature
Conveyance of sensory impressions
Some areas of the bodies skin are highly sensitive and
the insertion of a needle in one area may cause a great
deal of pain, while another area may be practically
painless.
Besides epithelial
cells and connective
tissue cells, the skin
also contains
delicately entwined
nerves and blood
vessels.
Blood Vessels
With the exception of capillaries, the
walls of the blood vessels consist of
three layers, though the thickness or
construction of the individual layers
can vary according to the vessel
type.

Blood Vessels
The outer layer consists of connective tissue and
facilitates the fitting of the vessel into its
environment.
The middle layer is composed of smooth muscle
containing elastic fibers.
The inner layer consists of thin connective tissue.
It is covered by a layer of single-layered
endothelial cells.
Arteries
The arteries are blood vessels which
transports blood away from the heart.
They are different in construction from the
veins in that they have an additional layer
of an elastic membrane situated between
the inner and middle wall layers.
Arteries
Depending on the
task and the location
of the artery, its
middle layer may be
dominated by
smooth muscle or
elastic fibers.

Arteries
When the heart pumps blood into the
arteries during the expulsion phase
(systole), their high proportion of elastic
fibers permits them to distend.
During the relaxation phase (diastole) of
the heart, they contract again, transporting
blood on further.
Arteries with muscle predominating are
able to widen (vasodilation) or narrow
(vasoconstriction) their diameter through
contraction, thus enabling the amount of
blood contained within them to increase or
decrease with the demands of the body.
Arterioles are the smallest arteries.
Veins
The veins are the blood
vessels which transport
blood towards the heart.
The wall layers of the
veins are thinner than
those of the arteries, yet
contain more connective
tissue.
The muscle layer is less
marked.
The diameter of veins
are larger than that of
arteries.

Veins
As a result of the thin layer of muscle the veins are not
able to move blood themselves. They are aided by the
surrounding musculature around them.
In order to prevent the blood from flowing back, some
of the veins, especially those within the extremities,
are equipped with venous valves.
When the blood is flowing towards the heart, the
venous valves lie flat against the venous wall. If the
blood congests or starts to flow back, the valves
close.
Capillaries
Capillaries are the smallest blood
vessels in the body
They are connected to the arterioles
and into the venules, thus
representing the link between arteries
and veins.
Capillaries
In contrast to arteries and veins, capillaries have neither a middle
or outer wall layer. They only have an inner layer, constructed of
connective tissue and endothelial cells.

The diameter of capillaries is very small because of they are so
small they circulate in single file. This fact, and the thinness of
their wall layer promote their ability to
exchange material and Water with their
environment.




The oxygen and nutrients contained within the blood are pressed
out of them as a result of the blood pressure and passed off to the
intercellular cavities.



Carbon dioxide and metabolic products are absorbed by the blood
in the exchange




Blood
4-5x thicker than water

Liquid connective tissue


Adults = 7% of patients weight
4-6 Liters of blood
Children = 9% of patients
weight



Physical Characteristics of Blood
Color range
Oxygen-rich blood is scarlet red
Oxygen-poor blood is dull red
pH must remain between 7.357.45
Blood temperature is slightly higher than body
temperature (100.4)

Functions of Blood
Transportation oxygen, nutrients, hormones,
heat, electrolytes.
Carries away from the body tissues
- Waste matter
- CO2
Protection Vital role in our immune system;
clotting mechanisms that prevent blood loss

Regulation pH, body temperature, water
content

Components of Blood
PLASMA is the yellowish fluid of the blood
and consists primarily of water (92%) and
plasma proteins (7%)
Proteins albumin and fibrinogen
FORMED ELEMENTS solid component of
the blood consisting of red blood cells, white
blood cells, and platelets
BLOOD = 55% plasma


Blood Plasma

Composed of approximately 92 percent
water

Contains:
Nutrients, salt solution
Respiratory gases
Hormones
Proteins, Waste products

Plasma Proteins
Albumin regulates osmotic pressure

Clotting proteins help to stem blood
loss when a blood vessel is injured

Antibodies help protect the body from
antigens

Formed Elements
Types of Cells
Erythrocytes = Red Blood Cells
Leukocytes = White Blood Cells
Thrombocytes = Platelets

Erythrocytes
Red Blood Cells
The main function is to carry oxygen
Anatomy of circulating erythrocytes
Cells without a nucleus
Produced continuously in the bone marrow
from stem cells at a rate of 2-3
million cells per second.
Hemoglobin 95% of a red cell
Approximately 120 days life span

Outnumber white blood cells 1000:1

Leukocytes
White Blood Cells
These are complete cells, with a nucleus
Crucial in the bodys defense against
disease. Ingest pathogens & destroy
Produce antibodies
Can respond to chemicals released by
damaged tissues

Thrombocytes
Platelets
Cell fragments without nuclei that
release blood clotting chemicals
Life span of 5-9 days
Needed for the clotting process
Platelets and clotting proteins work
together.



So.Why should we allow
EMTs to start IVs??
Purpose of starting IVs
To deliver fluids
To deliver medications
Cellular Physiology
Body Fluid
1. Total body water = 60% of body
weight
Intracellular = 45% of body weight
Extracellular = 15% of body weight
2. Electrolytes
Cations = positive charge
sodium
potassium
magnesium
calcium

Anions = negative charge
Bicarbonate
chloride
Principles of electrolyte balance
Water follows sodium
Potassium > intracellular
Sodium > extracellular
Changes in ion concentration effect
muscle and nerve function


3. Protein
Albumin
Plasma
Other

4. Fluid loss
Blood loss
Plasma loss
Nausea/vomiting/diarrhea
Sweating
Movement of Body Fluids
Osmosis the flow of fluid across a
semi permeable membrane (cell wall)
from a lower solute concentration to
a higher concentration.
Isotonic IV fluids that approximate the osmolaity of blood plasma. I.e.:
0.9% Normal Saline (note the biconcave shape of the cells as they circulate
in blood.)
Hypotonic IV solutions that have a lower osmolarity than blood plasma
thus drawing fluids into the cell. I.e.: D5W. (note the cells are visibly swollen
and have lost their biconcave shape, and at 100 mOs, most have swollen so
much that they have ruptured, leaving what are called red blood cell ghosts.
In a hypotonic solution, water rushes into cells.)
Hypertonic IV fluids that have a higher osmolality than normal blood
plasma thus drawing fluids out of the cells and they get irritated when
infused.I.e.: D50 (note water has flowed out of the cells, causing them to
collapse and assume the spiky appearance you see.)

Types of IV Solutions
0.9% Sodium Chloride
Lactated Ringers
D5W
0.9% Sodium Chloride
Also called normal saline
Isotonic solution of sodium chloride in
water
9 grams of sodium chloride per liter
Indications
Restore loss of water and sodium chloride
Fractures
Trauma
Dehydration
Hypoglycemia
Non-traumatic hypoperfusion
Contraindications
Use with caution in CHF and pulmonary edema
Lactated Ringers
Source of water, electrolytes, and
calories
Indications
To replenish fluid and calories, and
restore loss of electrolytes
Trauma
Burns
OB
Non-traumatic hypotension
dehydration
Contraindications
Use with caution in CHF, pulmonary
edema, and liver disease
D5W
Hypotonic solution of dextrose in
water (50 grams of dextrose per liter)
Indications
Directed by MD
Contraindications
Head injury
Children
Combinations of Normal Saline,
Lactated Ringers, and D5W are
often common.

All fluids come in 250cc, 500cc, and
1000cc bags.
Setting Up An IV

Assemble and prepare the
necessary equipment
You will need:
The correct IV solution
The correct administration set
An IV catheter
An IV start pack
Tourniquet
Alcohol prep
Opsite or equivalent
Tape
Inspect the container
and solution
Check the label and the expiration date
Look for tears in the bag
Assess the clarity of the solution; if it is
not clear DO NOT USE IT!
Look at the pull-tab and make sure that
it is intact
Types of administration sets
IV administration sets differ
mainly in the drop factor
(the rate of flow they produce)
Minidrip/Microdrip/Pediatric Drip
Delivers 60 gtts (drops) per cc (ml).
Used on all patients that fluids need
to be restricted on. I.e.: heart failure
patients, dialysis patients, and
pediatric patients.
Standard/Macrodrip
Delivers 10-20 gtts (drops) per cc
(ml). Used on patients that require
a large amount of IV fluid. i.e.:
trauma, overdoses, burns, heat
related emergencies.
Blood tubing
A Y shaped tubing that is also is a
10 gtts per cc set, but is used with NS
for blood administration.
Preparing the IV bag
Remove the protective tab from the
insertion port
Close the flow clamp on the administration
set
Remove the protective cap from the
administration set
Holding the port carefully and firmly with
one hand, insert the spike with the other
hand
Hang the bag and squeeze the drip
chamber until it is half full
Priming the IV tubing
Open the flow clamp. Hold the end of
the tubing over a collection
container. Be sure to maintain the
sterility of the tubing!
Leave the clamp open until the IV
solution flows through the entire
length of the tubing, forcing out all
air.
After priming the tubing, close the
clamp.
IV Catheters
Selecting the IV catheter
Two types of needless and catheters
are commonly used in peripheral
lines:
Over-the-needle catheters
Winged-tip or scalp-vein needles
IV catheters
The higher the number, the smaller
the gauge
The larger the gauge, the more fluid
that can be delivered
The shorter the catheter the more
fluid that can be delivered
General rule of thumb for
selection of size:
Medical patients
Use at least a 20 gauge catheter
A 22 gauge can be used if the patient
has small, fragile veins
Pediatric patients (NOT USED on
ages SIX and UNDER)
Use 20-22 gauge
Trauma patients
Use at least an 18 gauge catheter

Selecting the site
Peripheral veins usually for short-
term use (less than 3 weeks)
When choosing a peripheral vein both
arms should be assessed.
Large veins are best suited for
emergency infusions
Avoid arms with injuries, burns, open
sores. Call for medical direction for
mastectomy side possible
Start with a vein at the most distal site
so you can move upward as needed for
additional insertion sites.


EXCEPTION:
In a code arrest use the antecubital
vein as it is closer to the central
circulation. Fluids and medications do
not have as far to travel to reach the
central circulation.
The most favorable venipuncture sites
are:
- veins in the dorsum of the hand
- antecubital vein
- basilic vein
- cephalic vein


Be sure the vein can accommodate the
catheter used.
Factors affecting site selection
Type of solution
Condition of vein
Duration of therapy
Cannula size
Patient age
Patient preference
Patient activity
Presence of disease or prior surgery,
i.e.: mastectomy or shunt (Call for
medical direction)
Patient preparation
TALK TO YOUR PATIENT. Explain
what you are going to do
Prepare equipment
Check solution for correct type, valid
expiration date, and clarity
Place patient in supine position to
decrease vasovagal reaction


Select site and catheter
Apply tourniquet






Cleanse site







Hold skin taut, by placing thumb on
non-dominant hand 1-2 inches below
intended insertion site and gently pull
skin
Insert needle through the
subcutaneous tissue at a 20-30
degree angle beside or directly into
the vein, bevel up
Assess for blood return
When blood return is obtained
decrease the angle of the catheter
and very carefully advance the
needle and the catheter
approximately inch to assure the
catheter is in the vein
A steady backflow of blood indicates
a successful venipuncture
Pull needle back into but not out of
the catheter. Advance the catheter
into the vein while continuing to hold
the skin taut
Release the tourniquet




Gently place pressure over the vein
above the catheter tip to prevent
bleeding while removing the needle.
Do not compress catheter!

Attach fluid source







Regulate flow rate
Arm boards
Arm boards should be used to support areas of
joint flexion or to restrain IV sites in extremely
active patients or children
Arm boards should be padded to maintain
comfort and prevent nerve or tissue damage
Normal joint configuration should be maintained
by supplemental padding
Tape should NOT be wrapped completely around
the patients arm, nor should it be applied too
tightly because it will act as a tourniquet,
decreasing peripheral circulation distal to the IV
site
Complications of IV therapy
The potential hazards of IV therapy
range from minor to life threatening
They may be associated with the
venipuncture or with the infusion
Lack of aseptic technique is a major
cause of complications as it induces
pathogens into the circulatory
system
Complications may be local or
systemic
Local Complications
Site infections (Local
contamination of insertion site)
Signs and symptoms
Redness, warmth, tenderness, and swelling at
site
Possible purulent material
Possible causes
Failure to maintain aseptic technique during
starting or removing IV catheter
Actions
Remove IV and restart in unaffected arm
Prevention measures
Maintain strict aseptic technique of IV insertion
Clotting (Blockage at the end of
the device in the patients vein)
Signs and symptoms
Tenderness at IV site
Sluggish flow rate
Possible causes
IV rate too slow to maintain patency of catheter
Activity of patient causes increase back-flow of
blood
Actions
Remove IV and restart in another area
Prevention measures
Maintain constant flow rate
Tightly secure all connections
Hematoma (Raised, discolored
area caused by leakage of blood
at puncture site)
Signs and symptoms
Tenderness at venipuncture site
Area around site appears bruised
Inability to advance IV
Possible causes
Vein blown or punctured through other wall at time of
venipuncture
Leakage of blood from needle displacement
Actions
Remove IV catheter
Apply pressure to area
Prevention measures
Do not advance needle further if resistance is met on
venipuncture
Choose a vein that can accommodate size of IV catheter
Infiltration (Leakage of IV fluids
into surrounding tissues)
Signs and symptoms
Swelling, tenderness above the IV site that may extend along
the entire arm
Decreased skin temperature around the site
Fluid continues to infuse even when vein is occluded
Back-flow of blood is absent
Flow rate is slower or stopped
Possible causes
Catheter is dislodged from vein or vein is perforated
Actions
Remove IV catheter
Apply ice (early) or warm (later) to aid absorption
Elevate extremity
Restart IV infusion above infiltration or in another limb
Prevention measures
Check IV site frequently
Do not obscure area above site with tape
Restrict movement of limb by placing on arm board
Phlebitis (Irritation along vein)
Signs and symptoms
Area along vein is red, tender, and warm
Vein is hard and cord-like when palpated
Irritation increases with infusion
Possible causes
Hypertonic solutions
Repeated use of same vein for therapy
Movement of catheter in vein
Catheter is too large or flow rate too rapid for size of vein
Clotting at tip of catheter
Actions
Remove IV catheter
Apply warm packs
Restart IV infusion is a different limb
Prevention measures
Use large veins for hypertonic solution infusion
Choose smallest IV needle for situation and size of vein
Stabilize the catheter to decrease movement in vein
Systemic Complications
Catheter embolism
Signs and symptoms
Related to specific location of embolus:
discomfort, decreased BP, cyanosis, weak
pulse, respiratory distress, altered LOC
Possible causes
Rethreading stylet into catheter
Actions
Apply tourniquet above IV site to discourage
further traveling of device into venous system
Prevention measures
Withdraw catheter and stylet together is
venipuncture is unsuccessful
Air Embolism
Signs and symptoms
Respiratory distress
Unequal breath sounds
Weak pulse
Decreased BP
Loss of consciousness
Possible causes
Disconnect between catheter and tubing thus allowing
air to be sucked in
IV tubing that runs dry or is not purged of air properly
Solution container empty
Actions
Discontinue IV infusion
Turn patient to left side, head down
Administer oxygen
Prevention measures
Purge tubing completely of air before infusion starts
Circulatory overload
Signs and symptoms
Patient discomfort
Neck vein engorgement
Increased blood pressure
Fluid in lungs; rales, shortness of breath
Possible causes
Roller clamp loosened to allow run-away IV
Miscalculation of fluid requirements
Actions
Slow or stop infusion rate
Raise head of patients bed
Prevention measures
Double check IV rate ordered for size and
condition of patient
Administer oxygen
Systemic infection
Signs and symptoms
Fever, chills without apparent reason
Nausea, vomiting
malaise
Possible causes
Contaminated IV devices or solution
Failure to maintain aseptic technique during insertion
Actions
Remove IV catheter
Restart in another area
Prevention measures
Examine fluid and container
Monitor vital signs
Maintain aseptic technique
Secure all connections
What to do when infusion stops
Check IV site for infiltration
Check IV catheter (position of patients
extremity, the tip of catheter may be
against the wall of vein, tape may be too
tight)
Check the flow clamp
Check the tubing
Check the air vent
If one is required (i.e.: glass bottles)
Check to be sure the spike is pushed in far
enough into bag
Try flushing the line with 5-10cc of saline.
** If the IV still does not run after all the above
have been checked, then it should be
discontinued and restarted! **
Changing the solution
Turn the flow clamp off
Quickly remove the spike from the
bag and insert it into the new bag
(assure sterility!)
Turn the flow clamp back on and
regulate the rate
Removing a peripheral IV line
An IV should be removed if it infiltrates, fails to
run or the site becomes infected
Gather necessary supplies
Band-aid or tape
Sterile gauze (2x2)
Turn the flow clamp off
Gently remove all the tape from the catheter and
skin
Hold the sterile gauze over the insertion site and
withdraw the catheter with a gentle, brisk
movement keeping it parallel to the skin
Cover the site with a band-aid or tape
Document:
Reason for removal
Time
Catheter integrity
CASE REVIEW


MEDICAL DIRECTION
DIRECTION FROM PARAMEDIC
STANDING ORDER
TMC
DOCUMENTATION &
GUIDELINES
Patient Care Report
documentation should include:
Time
Site/Location of IV
# of attempts
Gauge of catheter
Solution type
Rate of IV
Absence of problems
Total volume infused at transfer of care
1310 IV 0.9% NS started Left posterior hand 1
st

attempt with 18g @ TKO rate. No
signs/symptoms of infiltration. IV infusing
without difficulty. 50cc infused upon transfer of
care to.
CLINCIAL REQUIREMENTS
EMT-BASIC IV THERAPY: CLINCIAL REQUIREMENTS

Tucson Medical Center will provide initial clinical time for EMS personnel who have
completed the EMT-B IV Therapy Class, including skills management and passed the
written test.

To schedule clinical time at TMC, please follow these guidelines:


1. CALL to set up the clinical time with:

Dawn Daniels
Tucson Medical Center
Pre-hospital Manager
(520-324-1080)

Preceptors will be provided for you at TMC:

Times: 0900-1900

2. TEN (10) successful IV sticks are required.

3. Clinical time to obtain the 10 successful sticks is to be completed in
30 days.

4. Should there be a problem to complete in that 30 day time frame,
please contact Dawn Daniels.

5. Complete the Standing Order Tests and fax to Dawn Daniels
(520-324-1088)

6. Have preceptor complete paper work related to clinical time. Skill
evaluation includes fluid and administration set prep.

7. After 10 successful IV sticks are obtained, please call Dawn to let her
know. Fax the required paper work to Dawn @ (520) 324-1088. DO
NOT start IV in field until cleared by TMC prehospital program.

8. Dress appropriately for clinical time. Spend time wisely in interacting
in the Emergency Dept. environment.

9. Observe all confidentiality regulations.
TUCSON MEDICAL CENTER
PREHOSPITAL PROGRAM
COMPETENCY VALIDATION
PERIPHERAL INTRAVENOUS FLUID THERAPY-by EMT-B

NAME: ______________________CERT LEVEL: __________________AZ CERT #:_______________

DATE MENTORS NAME MENTORS SIGNATURE PTS MED REC # S-SUCCESSFUL COMMENTS
LEVEL U-UNSUCCESSFUL




















This EMT-B has had the approved ADHS-OEMS curriculum, skill testing and has passed the written test
requirements for Peripheral Intravenous Therapy.


Any Questions?????
Lets do some drip
calculations
IV drip rate:
Volume to be infused (ml) X drip factor of tubing
gtts/min =
Time (min) to be infused





i.e.: 1000ml X 10
= 166 gtts/min
60min
Do IV flow rate calculation
sheet now