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AUM SHREE SAINATHAYA NAMAH

As you leave a business meeting,


A co-worker suddenly grasps his
Chest & collapses to the ground
He does not appear to be breathing.
WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
Your 50 years old co-worker has been
complaining for unusual tightness in his
chest. He suddenly experienced severe
pain in his chest & is now having trouble
breathing. WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
A co-worker was injured when he
fell from a ladder .He is unable to
move his legs.
WHAT WOULD YOU DO ?
Entering a restricted work area ,
You detect a foul odour. You hear
A hissing sound coming from a
Bucket. You suddenly notice a
Co-worker lying motionless.
WHAT WOULD YOU DO ?
MOVIE OF ACCIDENTS
WHAT DO YOU DO WHEN THESE OCCURS ?
Avoid that situation
Busy with present work
Fear of law & order

OR

Sought for water & give that to casualty
Displace the casualty
Attacking the incident maker
GOOD SAMARITAN LAW OF INDIA

Accident / Right to Emergency Care. Supreme Court Judgment date
of judgment 23/02/2007 case No appeal (civil) 919 of 2007 the
supreme court has rules that all injured persons especially in the
case of road traffic accidents, assaults etc. when brought to a
hospital/ medical centre, have to be offered first aid, stabilized and
shifted to a higher centre/ government centre if required. It is only
after this that the hospital can demand payment or complete
police formalities. In case you are a bystander and wish to help
someone in an accident, please go ahead and do so. Your
responsibility ends as soon as you leave the person at the hospital.
The hospital bears the responsibility of informing the police, giving
first aid etc., please do inform your family and friends about
these basic rights so that we all know what to expect and what
to do in the hour of need. Please not only go ahead and forward,
use it too.
DO YOU KNOW?

1,42000 Death occurs every year because of
accident.

Causes of all death are:

Stoppage of Respiration

Stoppage of Heart function

Excess of bleeding



WEL COME U

TO
FIRST-AID
By:

Dr. R.R. Mishra
Gold Medalist
Master Trainer
First Aid, Stress Management
National Safety Council
ODISHA CHAPTER


WHAT IS FIRST AID ?
It is a common sense.
It is the application of simple procedure of
medicine.
Medicine is defined as the science & art of
healing.
It should be start at:
* Place of injury.
* Continue during Transportation.
* Till a doctor takes the charge .
DEFINITION :

First assistance given by a trained
person to a casualty before the arrival
of an ambulance or qualified medical
expert, using the materials available on
the spot.
AIMS OF FIRST AID
P-Preserve life
Opening of airway
Rescue breathing
Control bleeding
P-prevent further harm (worsening)
Dressing of wound
Support for wound/fracture
P-Promote recovery
Relieve anxiety of casualty
Protect him / her from cold & heat.
P-Protect
The unconscious


ABC
OF


Put your safety first.

Remove the danger from casualty.

Remove the casualty from Danger.
R: Response

A- Alert


V-(Voice) Response to voice

P-(Pain) Response to pain

U Unconsciousness/Unresponsive


A: Airway ( from nose to
lungs )
(When unconscious) the Airway may be narrowed
or blocked due to loss of Muscular control of
tongue.

Opening Of Airway;

.Rub & press the cheek ,

.Open the mouth,

. Clean the mouth. Finger sweep (only if an object can
be seen and can be removed with a sweep of a gloved
finger)

Open the Airway using:

Head-till/ chin lift technique.

Jaw-thrust method (spine injury).


OPENING OF AIR WAY
AIR WAY OPENING
B: Breathing (to assess breathing)

Look at the chest

Listen the sound of in and out of air

Feel the air coming out.


This should take you no longer than 10 seconds.


Normal breathing
18-20/min-Adult

20-30/min-children









C: Circulation
To know the function of heart one has to check the
pulse
Normal:

3 LIFE-THREATENING CONDITIONS
WHAT U WILL DO?

If the Casualty is unconscious:

1.Having Breathing .

2.Having no Breathing.

3.Having no Circulation.
If casualty is breathing
PLACE THE CASUALTY IN RECOVERY POSITION
STEP-1
Kneel besides casualty.
Straight his legs.
Place his /her arm in 90
0

palm facing upward
STEP-2
Bring farthest arm to casualty`s chest across & hold the back of
arm against the cheek near you.
STEP-3
Using your other hand grasp the far leg just below the knee & push
it up till foot is flat on the floor.

STEP-4
Keeping the casualty's hand pressed against his
cheek pull on the far leg roll him towards you.

STEP-5
Adjust upper leg (so that both hips & knees are
bent at right angle).

STEP-6
Tilt the head back to ensure open airway.
Recovery Position
RECOVERY POSITION-ADULT
RECOVERY POSITION (SPINE INJURY)
RECOVERY POSITION
If no breathing :


CO2
CO2
CO2
MECHANISM OF RESPIRATION
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
ADULT: RESCUE BREATHING
RESCUE BREATHING
Mouth to mouth - rescuer making a seal between
their mouth and the patient's mouth and 'blowing',
to pass air into.


Mouth to nose rescuer form a seal with the
patient's nose. Typical reasons for this include
maxillofacial injuries, performing the procedure in
water or the remains of vomit in the mouth.


Mouth to mouth and nose - Used on infants (usually
up to around 1 year old).




RESCUE BREATHING




When to Stop Rescue Breathing:

The victim begins to breathe on his or her own.


More advanced medical personnel takes over.


You are too exhausted to continue .


If no circulation:
Give External Chest Compression
(ECC)


ECC
CPR
C- CARDIO
P-PULMONARY
R-RESUSCITATION
CPR-is the combination of external chest
compression & Rescue breathing
An universal compression is 30:2- for Adult & children
If only a single rescuer is present

15:2 if 2 rescuer are present.
MOVIE OF CPR

When not to perform CPR:


You should not perform CPR:
When it is too dangerous to rescuers
When there are obvious signs of death, for
example rigor mortis
When the casualtys injuries are clearly too
severe for survival.

When not to perform CPR:


You should not perform CPR:
When it is too dangerous to rescuers
When there are obvious signs of death, for
example rigor mortis
When the casualtys injuries are clearly too
severe for survival.

WELCOME
TO
THE
WORLD
OF

CONTACT
DR. R.R. MISHRA

Mob- 9438133384
E-mail: drrajanimishra2009@gmail.com
Every one should know what not to do in an
emergency
Every one should know FIRST AID